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Chapter 15 Handling Emergency.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 15 Handling Emergency."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 15 Handling Emergency

2 Reducing Emergencies Proper maintenance can prevent most vehicle malfunctions. Examples: checking wear on tires and brakes with scraping sounds

3 Emergency Situations Tire blowout Brake failure
Accelerator malfunctions Engine failure Hood flies up Driving off road Avoiding objects in the roadway

4 Tire Blowout Grip the steering wheel firmly
Do not brake. Ease up on the accelerator Check the traffic as you gain control of car Signal and drive off the road slowly. Brake gently Turn on hazards

5 Brake Failure Pump brake pedal Downshift
Apply park brake with steady pressure If car skids, release park brake

6 Accelerator Sticks Use right foot to unhang the pedal
Kick the side of the pedal or put foot underneath and lift Shift the car to neutral or depress the clutch Slow the car by braking Signal and pull off the road This technique should also be used to deal with cruise control malfunction

7 Flat Tire Keep a firm grip on the steering wheel
Maintain a straight course Step off the brake. Keep control of vehicle When car is under control, look for a place to pull off

8 Changing a Flat Tire Park on level area, away from traffic
Put vehicle in park and turn on hazards Set the park brake Block wheel diagonally opposite the flat Passengers get out of vehicle Take out jack, spare tire and lug wrench

9 Changing Flat Tire Assemble jack
Jack up vehicle partway and loosen lugs Jack up tire off ground and remove lugs Remove flat tire Mount spare and tighten lug nuts Lower vehicle and remove jack Use lug wrench and tighten lugs Leave the wheel cover off to remind you to fix your tire Put wheel cover, flat, and equipment in trunk

10 Compact Spare Tire A compact spare should only be used to get your car to a station to fix your flat.

11 Engine Failure If your engine stops suddenly:
Shift to neutral when engine first stops Begin moving out of traffic Turn on hazards, do not brake Restart the engine while moving, if car starts shift in drive and proceed If it does not start and retry

12 Engine Failure If engine fails to start Raise the hood
Leave hazards flashing Set up warning devices Call or go get help

13 This can become an emergency only if you PANIC.
Off Road Recovery This can become an emergency only if you PANIC. Hold the steering wheel firmly. Let off accelerator. Don’t apply brake Gently ease the car back on the road.

14 Hood Flies Up Slouch down in your seat and look through the crack below the open hood If you can not see, roll down your window and look in the direction you are driving Turn on hazards and pump brakes to warn driver behind you Slow down and find a safe place to pull off

15 Vehicle Fire Can be Dangerous
Quickly steer off the safe open area Driver + Passengers move 100 feet away Do not try to put out the fire Leave hood closed

16 Small Engine Fire If you have a A-B-C type extinguisher and the fire is small enough to control Use gloves of rag to protect your hands Turn you head and open hood carefully Direct the extinguisher on the fire Never try to disconnect battery or work on the car while it is still hot

17 Animals in the Roadway Swerving to avoid an animal might result in losing control of the vehicle Do not panic. If you can safely avoid missing it. Do so If it is small, it may be necessary to hit the animal

18 Pot Holes Drive carefully around or straddle
Stay in your own lane and check your front zones If you must drive through a pothole, slow down to avoid tire damage Decide to steer around, brake, straddle, or drive over the object. It depends on the traffic

19 Minimize the Effects of a Collision
Keep control of your vehicle Change your speed or direction to lessen the impact Steer for something soft Move away from the crash

20 Head on Collision Threat
Maintain control Brake hard without locking brakes to lessen the impact Blow your horn or flash your lights Steer right toward the shoulder Prepare to drive off the road

21 Rear-end Collision Threats
Flash your brake lights early As vehicle nears, check front zone for open space If intersection is clear, move forward If intersection is not clear, turn right If collision is unavoidable, release your brakes to soften the impact and brake after the collision

22 Good drive Habits Maintain a 3 second following distance
Stopping so you can see the tires of the vehicle ahead of you Cover going through intersections- cuts down on reaction time

23 Someone following too close
Increase your following distance

24 Side-Impact Collision Threats
Brake or accelerate quickly. Do what you can to lessen the impact Blow horn to alert other driver Change lanes or swerve away from impact

25 Deep Water Do not drive through deep water. Find an alternate route
If you go into deep water: Open window Unfasten seat belts Exit through open window

26 Accident Procedure Stop Immediately, Aid the injured
Move to the side of road Do not leave vehicle where it blocks traffic Turn off ignition Aid the injured Prevent further damage (place flares or reflectors 100ft in front and behind) Send for Police Exchange Information

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