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World Meteorological Organization Working together in weather, climate and water WMO Regional Cooperation Programme for Strengthening of Meteorological,

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Presentation on theme: "World Meteorological Organization Working together in weather, climate and water WMO Regional Cooperation Programme for Strengthening of Meteorological,"— Presentation transcript:

1 World Meteorological Organization Working together in weather, climate and water
WMO Regional Cooperation Programme for Strengthening of Meteorological, Hydrological and Climate Services to support Disaster Risk Reduction and Adaptation in South East Asia Maryam Golnaraghi, PhD Chief of Disaster Risk Reduction Mr. Kuniyuki Shida Programe manager, Regional Office for Asia and Pacific 30 April 2012 1

2 Southeast Asia (Vietnam, Lao, Cambodia, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand) - 1980-2007
85 % of events 24 % of casualties 75 % of economic losses are related to hydro-meteorological hazards and conditions. IMPACT ALL SOCIO-ECONOMIC SECTORS

3 Expected impacts of climate change in South East Asia – IPCC 4th assessment report
Increased rainfall intensity, particularly during the summer monsoon, along with increase of inter-annual variability increased exposure to extreme events, including forest fire risk, typhoons and tropical storms, floods and landslides, heat waves and droughts and severe vector-borne diseases. Frequency and intensity of tropical cyclones originating in the Pacific and other extreme weather events associated with El-Niño have increased over the last decades in the region. Projected sea-level rise could flood and affect the livelihoods of millions of people in low lying areas of Southeast Asia. Major impacts are expected on water supply and agriculture, and heavily populated coastal and lowland areas of South East Asia

4 Transboundary water issues in South East Asia
Mekong river basin is shared between South East Asian countries, triggering conflicts over water resources management issues Major issues related to integrated water resources management of these basins include: Agriculture, fisheries and food security River flooding and drought Hydroelectricity Water supply, water quality and health Transportation Climate change impact: increased flooding risks during wet season and an increased possibility of water shortage in dry season. Climate change could exacerbate conflicts or be an opportunity to find shared solutions to common challenges

5 Comprehensive DRR Framework and National Meteorological and Hydrological Services
Governance and Institutional Framework (Multi-sector, Multi-level, Multi-Hazard) Risk Assessment Risk Reduction Risk Financing and Risk Transfer 4 PREPAREDNESS: early warning systems emergency planning PREVENTION and MITIGATION: Sectoral Risk Management Medium to long term planning (e.g. zoning, infrastructure, agriculture…) Hazard databases Hazard statistics Climate forecasting and trend analysis Exposed assets & vulnerability Risk analysis tools 1 2 Gov Investments, trust funds, etc. CAT insurance & bonds Weather-indexed insurance and derivatives Other emerging products Disaster risk management strategies, as detailed in the HFA, can be framed under three main areas: Risk Identification, Risk Reduction and Risk Transfer. HFA stresses that successful disaster risk management should be supported by effective governance, legislation, legal frameworks and institutional capacities at national to local levels supplemented by effective information and knowledge sharing mechanisms among different stakeholders. 3 Information and Knowledge Sharing Education and training 5

6 World Bank, ISDR, WMO initiative in South East Asia
Launched in 2009: Goal: to strengthen institutional cooperation and coordination in: Risk Management Capacities and early warning systems Hydro meteorological services Lao Vietnam Cambodia Philippines Indonesia Phase I: Fact finding assessment and development of national and regional reports (Funded by the World bank- GFDRR) (nearly completed and under review) Regional cooperation framework being developedby WMO and partners

7 WMO Overall Cross-cutting Approach
Leveraging expertise, resources and capacities of beneficiary and other supporting countries, WMO Technical Programmes and Expert Networks, WMO global and regional operational centers and other UN, international and regional partners to support capacity development projects

8 Regional Cooperation Project Concept for Strengthening of Meteorological, Hydrological and Climate Services to support Disaster Risk Reduction and Adaptation in South East Asia

9 National DRR Governance and Institutional Frameworks
1 Other National Technical and Sectoral Implementing Partners involved in EWS Hydrological Service Ocean Services Health Services Space Agency Other... National EWS Users Sectors: Transportation Health Food & Agriculture Water Management & Safety Coastal Zone Management Etc… National Governance and Policy Makers Local Governments Disaster Risk Management Agencies General Public Media Private Sector Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) 2 6 SOPs Agreements (MoU’s, etc.) National Meteorological Services Core operational components DRR Products & Services Observations and monitoring Operational Nowcasting, Forecasting and other Analysis Data & Analysis Warnings, forecasts and other value-add products Technical Advisory Services Telecommunication Infrastructure and dissemination to Users Human Resource Development & Training Data Management Systems ETC… 3 Service Delivery National 5 4 SOPs Agreements (MoU’s, etc.) Requirements & Feedback Quality Management Systems (QMS) 7 GTS, WIS SOPs 1 Regional DRR Governance and Institutional Frameworks Global & Regional Specialized Meteorological & Climate Centers (RSMCs and RCCs) and Space Agencies Regional

10 Climate and Disaster Risk Managment
National/regional/global Cooperation Framework for strengthening of Meteorological/hydrological and climate services National aspects (Governance, Institutional, etc) Regional aspects International aspects Climate and Disaster Risk Managment USERs: Disaster Risk Management, Agriculture, Water Resource Management, Infrastructure, Urban development, Health, transportation, Insurance, etc Products and Service Delivery Capacity Building Forecasting and analysis tools Observations and data Research and modeling

11 Leveraging the WMO Global Network operated by the WMO Members and over 50 regional and global centres, 30 Regional training centres, and over 10 Virtual space centers Canadian Meteorological Service plays a critical role 189 Members

12 Need to link to Regional Development in DRR
ASEAN and ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER) 4th Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction, October 2010, Songdo, Republic of Korea, “Incheon Regional Roadmap on DRR through CCA in Asia and the Pacific” (Incheon REMAP) Incheon Declaration on Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia and the Pacific 2010 ASEAN AADMER Work Program ( )

13 Overall Expected Outcomes
Increased coordination and cooperation at national and regional levels for provision of meteorological, hydrological, and climate information to the targeted socio-economic sectors Increased utilization of meteorological, hydrological, and climate knowledge in the decision-making processes of governments and targeted socio-economic sectors

14 This will be achieved through strengthened cooperation and capacity development for:
Socio-economic stakeholder Needs and Requirements for Products and Services: Increased understanding of the needs and requirements of socio-economic target sectors for meteorological, hydrological and climate products and services Technical Services: Hydrological services: Increased access to national and regional flood management information systems Climate Services: Increased access to climate analysis tools, and climate forecast products and services Severe Weather and Marine Services: Increased access to forecasting tools and severe weather ( also including tropical cyclones and related storm surges) warning services Observing Systems and data services: Increased regional dialogue and agreements for the exchange of meteorological, hydrological and climate data (space and terrestrial) and related regional products and services

15 Target Beneficiaries Beneficiary Countries Target Areas:
Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Lao and Thailand Target Areas: National Risk Management governance and institutional capacities Hydro meteorological services Finance and planning, energy, agriculture, water resource management and the environment sectors Flood, climate and severe weather Data sharing Regional Operational Centers supporting the region

16 Implementing partners and leveraging coordination mechanisms
Aligned and in cooperation with ASEAN (AADMER) and UN-ESCAP DRR and CCA related mechanisms National: Ministeries and agencies involved with hydro-met, DRM, and economic sectors, other EWS stakeholders Regional: WMO Regional associations for Asia and Pacific, Mekong River Commission, Typhoon and Tropical Cyclone Committees, Typhoon Center (Tokyo), WMO Tropical Cyclone Center-New Delhi, WMO Regional Climate Centers, WMO Training Centres (Beijing, Nanjing, the Philippines) RIMES, ADPC, Asian Development Bank, etc. International: WMO, World Bank, UN-ISDR, UNDP (IFRC, OCHA and other agencies will be will be invited as relevant) Other countries to engage invite Hydro-met and bi-lateral donors: Australia, Canada, China. Finland, France, HK, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Singapore, South Korea, USA, etc.

17 WMO Programmes involved
Lead: WMO Disaster Risk Reduction and Development and Regional Activities Department Other implementing Programmes Hydrology and Water Resources Programme WMO Climate Programme Agricultural Meteorology Programme Data Processing and Forecasting Programme WMO Information System and Global Telecommunication System WMO Integrated Global Observation System Programme (including Satellite Programme)

18 Activities: Socio-economic Stakeholder Needs and Requirements
National and regional stakeholder consultations and sectoral needs assessments (e.g., EWS and socio-economic sectoral planning) National and regional assessments of hydro-meteorological and climate networks Mapping of existing intra-national partnerships (bi- and multi-lateral agreements) among NMHS and the sectors) Mapping of (bi- and multi-lateral agreements) among countries within the region and with the regional centers pertaining to exchange of data, expertise and various meteolrogical, hydrological and climate information Development of regional technical work plan engaging beneficiaries and regional centers for strengthening of meteolrogical, hydrological and climate services and data exchange in the region.

19 Activities: Hydrological services
Coordination forums and technical consultation on latest flood modeling and risk management tools Identification of data requirements (space and terrestrial), gaps and needs for hydrological and flood modelling and tools Training on principals of Integrated Flood Management policy, coordination and technical implementation aspects Development of regional flood management information systems Training and in-country technical support

20 Activities: Climate Services
Establishment of Regional Climate Outlook Forum and Multi-Sectoral Climate User forums Rescue (digitization) and quality assurance of historical climate data, meta data and development of data management systems Development of regional climate analysis tolls and information products and services provided by the WMO Regional Climate Centers (China, Japan) and related trainings for beneficiary countries In country technical support for utilization of climate analysis tools and regional products and services

21 Activities: Severe Weather Services
Development of Regional Severe Weather Forecast Support Portal based on best tools in Numerical Weather Prediction, space and radar data and diagnostics Training and in-country support for utilization of the regional Severe Weather Forecast Support Portal

22 Activities: Observing Systems and Data Services
Scoping workshops with Space and terrestrial data providers to review the data requirements for provision of Hydrological, severe weather and marine and climate services, and develop work plan to address gaps, and needs Design and development of regional space and radar data products and services Regional Training and technical support (to the regional centers and in-country) for utilization of regional data products High-level meetings on space and terrestrial data exchange policies in the region related to meteorological, hydrological and climate data Facilitation of enhanced data exchange from beneficiary countries to the Regional Operational Centers and vice versa Design of sub-regional integrated Observing network building on the current Network and future data requirements

23 Integrated programming and planning 5 years

24 Thank You For more information please contact:
Maryam Golnaraghi, Ph.D. Chief Disaster Risk Reduction Programme World Meteorological Organization Tel .

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