Presentation on theme: "D-DAY By: Emily-Laura-Ron-Nao. D-Day June 6 th 1944 At dawn on June 6 th, 1944 Operation Overlord began. The invasion forces landed on 5 beaches along."— Presentation transcript:
D-Day June 6 th 1944 At dawn on June 6 th, 1944 Operation Overlord began. The invasion forces landed on 5 beaches along the Normandy coast: Utah, Omaha, Gold, Juno and Sword. On the first day, 2,700 vessels and 1,897 landing craft sailed. The cargo was 130,000 soldiers, 12,000 vehicles, 2,000 tanks and 10,000 tons of stores.
Key Commanders General Dwight David Eisenhower- Was supreme Commander. He was in charge of all Allied troops in the European theatre General Bernard Law Montgomery- Was commander of British Eighth Army-He was appointed to be Eisenhowers chief deputy in planning Operation Overlord Field Marshal Erwin Rommel- Was relieved from command of the famed Afrika Corps before their final defeat in North Africa. Adolf Hitler- Was leader of Germany and commander of German forces from 1934. Hitler began his conquering of Europe in Poland in 1939
Evidence More than 9,000 Allied Soldiers were killed or wounded -- but more than 100,000 Soldiers began the march across Europe to defeat Hitler. It was the most direct way to attack Germany. But Hitler selected General Keselring because his plan was to block their advance at every mountain range.
Significance D-Day was the turning point of World War II. It marked the start of the Allies' invasion of Western Europe and paved the way for Allied victory. D-Day, remains the largest seaborne invasion in history, involving nearly three million troops crossing the English Channel from England to Normandy in occupied France.
Cause & Effect -One effect was that it stopped Europe from falling into Communist Hands. -The cause was to take down the nazi front occupying northern France and allow the allies to move in from the west as the red army moved in from the east to bring down the third reich.
Five Ws What? D-day is a term often used in military parlance to denote the day on which a combat attack or operation is to be initiated. Who? D-day June 6, 1944 - the day of the Normandy Landings. Where? The beaches of Normandy
Five Ws When? Dawn June 6 th, 1944. Normandy Beaches How? The assault was conducted in two phases: – an air assault landing of 24,000 American, British, Canadian and Free French airborne troops shortly after midnight – amphibious landing of Allied infantry and armored divisions on the coast of France commencing at 6:30. There were also subsidiary 'attacks' mounted under the codenames Operation Glimmer and Operation Taxable to distract the German forces from the real landing areas
On the north coast of France the Germans were sheltered, and guns were loaded and ready to fire. This proved deadly for the Allies on D- Day. Cromwell and Churchill Tanks
Commanders- Omar Bradley -Leonard Gerow –Dwight Eisenhower- Lawson Collins Soldiers going in for the attack early morning. Most of them were sick from the crashing waves.
A mass of men and material filled the oceans and beaches of Normandy during D-Day invasion.
Armys First Division on the morning of June 6th Troops taking over
Allied armed men landed on five France beaches. The beaches were codenamed Utah, Omaha, Gold, Juno, and Sword.
Canadian troops helped Canadian soldiers 14,000 another 450 were to drop behind enemy lines by parachute or glider. The Royal Canadian Navy supplied about 10,000 sailors along with ships.
Soil samples were collected in condoms. On two nights they went ashore to survey what would become the Omaha beach. D-Day Map
About 155,000 soldiers, 5,000 ships and landing craft, 50,000 vehicles and 11,000 planes were massed for the greatest seaborne invasion in history
Questions Q:What does the D in D-Day stand for? A:D-Day and H-Hour are general terms used for the day and hour to mark the beginning of an important event Q:Which Allied nations took part in the fighting? A: The majority of troops who landed on the D-Day beaches were from the United Kingdom, Canada and the US.