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**5.3 Bisectors in a Triangle**

When three or more lines intersect at one point, they are concurrent. The point at which they intersect is the point of concurrency.

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**Concurrency of Perpendicular Bisectors Theorem**

The perpendicular bisectors of the sides of a triangle are concurrent at a point equidistant from the VERTICES.

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Point of Concurrency The point of concurrency of the perpendicular bisectors of a triangle is called the circumcenter of the triangle. Since the circumcenter is equidistant from the vertices, you can use the circumcenter as the center of the circle that contains each vertex of the triangle. You would say the circle is circumscribed about the triangle.

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Circumcenter The circumcenter of a triangle can be inside, on, or outside the triangle.

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**Finding the Circumcenter of a Triangle**

What are the coordinates of the circumcenter of the triangle with vertices P(0 , 6), O(0 , 0), and S(4 , 0)? Find the intersection point of the triangle’s perpendicular bisectors. It is easiest to find the perpendicular bisectors of segment PO and segment OS.

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**Concurrency of Angle Bisectors Theorem**

The bisectors of the angles of a triangle are concurrent at a point equidistant from the SIDES of the triangle.

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Incenter The point of concurrency of the angle bisectors of a triangle is called the incenter of the triangle. The incenter is ALWAYS inside the triangle.

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**Identifying and Using the Incenter of a Triangle**

GE = 2x – 7 and GF = x What is GD? G is the incenter of the triangle. GE = GF 2x – 7 = x + 4 x = 11 GF = = 15 Since GF = GD, GD = 15.

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More Practice!!!!! Homework – Textbook p. 305 #7 – 13 ODD, 15 – 18 ALL.

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Section 1.5 Special Points in Triangles

Section 1.5 Special Points in Triangles

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