Presentation on theme: "FPTP v. PR Mock Election Lesson Starter What is an election?"— Presentation transcript:
1 FPTP v. PR Mock Election Lesson Starter What is an election? What do you think is the point of an election?
2 Voting Systems There are two main types of voting in the UK First Past the Post (FPTP)Proportional Representation (PR)
3 Voting Systems First Past the Post (FPTP) This is when the candidate with the most votes is elected
4 Voting Systems First Past the Post (FPTP) Parties put forward candidates and voters then vote for one of these candidates
5 Voting Systems Proportional Representation (PR) This is when the number of votes a party gets = a proportional number of seats
6 What do we mean by proportional? If 4 people were to share a cake equally, each person would get one quarter or 25%Each gets a fair proportion
7 What do we mean by proportional? With PR, the number of votes a party gets is roughly equal to the number of seats in parliament the party gets.E.g. if a party gets 25% of the vote, they get 25% of the seats
8 Voting Systems Proportional Representation (PR) So in PR, you vote for a party rather than a candidateThe party chooses who gets the seat from a list of their best people
9 Election Rules… You have one vote in each election Put an “X” beside your chosen candidate/partyFold once and put in ballot box
10 Class Election We will have 2 elections – one FPTP and one PR FPTP – candidates:John Smith – LabourDavid Anderson – ConservativeHarry Hill – Liberal DemocratJock McDonald - SNP
11 FPTP Results… Candidate Party Votes John Smith Labour David Anderson ConservativeHarry HillLiberal DemocratJock McDonaldSNPWinner =
12 Class Election We will have 2 elections – one FPTP and one PR PR – parties:LabourConservativeLiberal DemocratSNP
13 PR Results… 2 votes = 1 MSP Party Votes MSPs gained Labour ConservativeLiberal DemocratsSNP
14 Party Lists Labour John Grey Diane Abbott Margaret Curran David BlunkettTony BennConservativeAnnabel GoldieRuth DavidsonJackson CarlawDavid CameronLiberal DemocratsNick CleggPaddy AshdownCharles KennedyTavish ScottSNPJohn MasonNicola SturgeonKenny MacAskillJohn SwinneyTaskWrite a list of the names of MSPs elected using the PR system.
15 Which is better?Think of the advantages and disadvantages of each system and write them down…