2 Invasion of Poland: WW II Begins Nonaggression Pact between USSR and Germany shocks the world (1939)September 1, 1939: Germany invades PolandBlitzkrieg
3 Invasion of FranceAfter a short break, in May 1940 Hitler begins further invasions of Western EuropeGermany quickly captures Paris in JuneFrench government surrenders, but resistance movement tries to fight
4 What caption might the British use with this image in a propaganda poster? How about the Germans?
5 The Battle of Britain August 1940 Britain is the only unconquered country in Western EuropeIntensive bombings and air raids were supposed to pave the way for a German invasionBut, the new Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, inspires the country to stay strong“Never…has so much been owed by so many to so few”
6 Before we move on…With your partner, look at the map on page 581 in the textbookWho was most aggressive at the beginning of the war?Who will become more aggressive during the second half of the war?
7 Invasion of the Soviet Union Operation Barbarossa: Summer 1941Hitler attacks the USSR, breaking his pact with StalinGermany has many early victories, but the Soviet winter will eventually be too brutal… (obviously Hitler didn’t study his history)
9 December 7, 1941 Japan bombs naval Base at Pearl Harbor Why? Japan had hoped toDestroy the US fleetForce the US to accept their domination in the PacificExploit the assumed “softness” of the American people
10 But instead…The US enters the war and joins the Allied forces: ___, ___, ___ against the Axis Powers: ___, ___, ___
11 Pacific Theater The Allied Commander is Douglas MacArthur The Allied strategy is Island HoppingFleets moved from island to island rather than attack any mainland sites
12 The Battle of Midway Turning point in the Pacific June 1942 US defeats Japanese navy badlyEstablishes US naval superiorityKamikaze pilots
13 Stalingrad A major turning point in Europe The Germans and the Soviets fought a brutal battle throughout the winter ofThe German army had to surrender and retreat; their defeat was a disasterHitler said after this battle that, “The Gods of War have gone over to the other side”
14 D-Day (The Battle of Normandy) Began on June 6, 1944HUGE Allied assault on the coast of FranceGave the Allies a foothold in Western Europe; began to move inland on the final offense against the Nazis
15 Hiroshima and Nagasaki These two Japanese cities were the targets of the only two atomic bombs ever used in war on August 6 and 9, 1945Their destruction led Japan to surrender to the AlliesEach single bomb destroyed the target city and killed 1000s of people immediatelyThe effects of radiation caused 100,000s more to die later or suffer horrific injuries