3 U.S. Imperialism - 1890s the US has emerged from the civil war - late to industrial revolution but exploding with factories, industrial growth, cheap labor (massive immigration to the US in the late 1880s)- like other European powers, looking for markets to sell their goods to- like other European powers, looking for prestige and to secure place in the global trade
4 We enter into the Spanish American War of 1898 U.S. ImperialismWe enter into the Spanish American War of 1898
5 Spain owns Cuba and the Philippines U.S. ImperialismSpain owns Cuba and the PhilippinesNo European country owns Hawaii (except for those pesky Hawaiians) and American pineapple producers (like Mr. Dole- Dole as in bananas....) have lots of money invested there. We take over Hawaii.(it makes a nice refueling point across the Pacific)
6 U.S. Imperialism -Cuba is a Spanish colony - the locals, under poet Jose Martz, cry for independence and freedom- that sounds good to the US - after all we fought a revolution for the same thing- also, 90% of the sugar output from Cuba comes from Americans who own plantations there- the US calls for Cuba’s freedom
7 U.S. Imperialism -USS Maine- an American ship in harbor of Cuba - mysteriously sinks (later it is determined it was a coal explosion in the ship’s hold)- US blames Spanish terrorists in Cuba and uses as excuse to declare war on Spanish colonies (Cuba, Philippines)Remember the Maine!
8 U.S. Imperialism-We declare war on Spain but the first battle occurs in Spanish colony of the Philippines (we happened to be in the neighborhood at the time)- We take the main city of Manilla within hours, no injuries. We’ve freed the Filipinos-except not: it is a good refueling place for trade with the east (China, Japan)- We end up fighting the Filipinos ourselves and occupying the islands until 1946.- They aren’t completely independent until 1946 (after they served their use for us in WWII)
10 U.S. ImperialismBy 1900 the “splendid little war” of the Spanish-American War of 1898 is over.Americans own:* Cuba (it is a protectorate)* Philippines (it is a colony)* Hawaii (it is a protectorate)* Panama Canal land (makes a handy shortcut from the US east coast to the Pacific - no need to go around South America anymore)* Samoa (colony)