2 PUZZLES:--skim the passage for the answers 1.The United Kingdom includes:2.If we speak of England we mean:3. The countries that make up Great Britain are:4. The part of Ireland that separated from England is called:5. London is the capital city ofEngland, Wales Scotland and Northern IrelandEngland and WalesEngland, Wales and ScotlandRepublic of Southern IrelandEngland/Great Britain/the UK
3 Match the main idea with each paragraph Para1. Para2. Para3. Para4. How the UK was formedThe cultural importance of LondonPuzzles in the names of the four countriesThe state of the four countriesInformation about England, the largest of the four countriesCan you put them into 3 parts and write down the main idea of each part?
4 Part 1(1-3):what England includes;about Great Britain; the UK.the geographical division of England in zones; their similarities and differences.Part 2 (4):Part 4 (5-6 ):The cultural importance of London
5 ComprehendingPart 1 (Para1-3)1. The Union Jack flag unites the flag of three countries in the United Kingdom. Which country is left out? Why?The country left out is Wales. It is usually assumed(认为) to be part of England.EnglandUnion JackIrelandScotlandCOMPREHENDING.2.What three countries does British Airways represent?1 _________ _________ _____________EnglandScotlandNorthern Ireland
6 Comprehending 3 Part 2 (Para.4) 1.England, the largest of the four countries, is roughly divided into ______ zones.2. If you want to find out more about British history and culture, you may NOT go to____.industrial cities built in the 19th century.towns first built by the Romans.the castle constructed by Norman rulers.the oldest building begun by the Anglo-Saxons.3
7 major cities Glasgow Manchester Liverpool textile industry centre harborship building centerhome of Manchester UnitedGlasgowManchesterBirminghamLiverpoolthe second largest city;commercial port;home of the Beatlesiron and steel industry centre
8 Influence left by the invaders ComprehendingPart 3 (Para.5-6)Influence left by the invadersThe Romans---Anglo-Saxon---Vikings---Normans---towns and roadslanguage and governmentvocabulary and place-names of the Northcastles and words for food
9 Summing upThe UK_________of four countries England,_________,Scoland and__________ Ireland , which is shown to the world in a flag called the ________________. The four countries do work together in some areas, but they developed different educational and _____system. England, the ___________ of the four countries, is roughly ____________into three zones. Its capital, London, has been __________by the invaders of England, and you will find the greatest historical _________ in it.consistsWalesNorthernUnion Jacklegallargestdividedinfluencedtreasures
16 e.g England _______________France by the Channel. divide与separate的区别：e.g England _______________France by the Channel.He_______ his students_____five groups.Tom and Jack got __________ in the crowd.The teacher __________ the apples _________the kids.They sleep in ________ rooms.is separated fromintodividedseparateddividedamongseparate
17 e.g. Can you clarify what you said just now? 3. clarify vt. 阐明；澄清，（使某事物）清楚易懂clarify a problem/ a position/the meaning of… 澄清问题 /阐明立场/解释…意思e.g. Can you clarify what you said just now?你能把刚才说的再讲清楚一点吗？4. When people refer to England you find Wales included as well.refer to: 提到，涉及，参考The professor ___ at the meeting is from the UK.A. refering to B. refers to C. referred torefer to…as…= regard….as 把…当作…
18 4. When people refer to England you find Wales included as well. find /have /get +sb/sth +V-ed 发现/使…被/已经…You look different today .Have you had your hair cut?① 你今天看起来有点不一样,理发了吗?② 长途旅行使我们大家都很累.③ 当我到达车站时发现火车已经离开了.The long journey got all of us tired .When I got to the station I found the train gone.
19 5. Happily this was accomplished without conflict …. accomplish: to finish 完成e.g. accomplish a design/a journey/a plan/ purpose..完成设计/结束旅程/完成计划/达成目的conflict: n. struggle, argument 斗争，冲突，分歧e.g. a bloody/political conflict 流血冲突/政治分歧她发现自己和母亲在未来职业的选择上存在分歧。She found herself in conflict with her mother over her future career.conflict with ... 和…抵触，冲突 vi.
20 C break down D break away from break out 发生爆炸 ……..① Nowadays many farmers want to ____the land and make a living in cities.A break off B broke outC break down D break away from② The talks between the two sides have__; peopleare worried about something will happen.A took out B put forwardC broken down D got down
21 to one’s credit: 值得赞扬的是 credit n. 赞同，信誉，荣誉，学分(详见P79) 7. To their credit the four countries do work together in some areas, but they have very different institutions.to one’s credit: 值得赞扬的是credit n. 赞同，信誉，荣誉，学分(详见P79)e.g. No credit is given to this restaurant.The course carries three credits.Mary is a credit to her family.助动词do(does/did)用于肯定句中可表示强调.So you did come after all.But She does think you are a good cook.
22 be convenient to sb 某人方便/有空的时候 be convenient for sb to do sth 便于某人做某事 8. ..and for convenience it is divided roughly into three zones.convenience n.便利，便捷[U]；提供便利的设施等[C]e.g. convenience store/food 便利店/便利食品常见搭配： for one’s convenience 为某人的便利at one’s convenience 在某人方便/有空的时候suit one’s convenience 照顾某人的方便make a convenience of ..过分利用同根词：convenient adj.be convenient to sb 某人方便/有空的时候be convenient for sb to do sth 便于某人做某事反义词：inconvenience & inconvenient
23 The house is full of _____________ of every sort. Use the proper form of convenience to fill in the blanks.The house is full of _____________ of every sort.When and where will it __________________ for our meeting?Will it _________________ you to start work tomorrow?It is illegal to run the red light _____________.The post office is at a _________ distance from our school.conveniencessuit your convenience be convenientbe convenient forfor convenienceconvenient
24 The house is full of _____________ of every sort. Use the proper form of convenience to fill in the blanks.The house is full of _____________ of every sort.When and where will it __________________ for our meeting?Will it _________________ you to start work tomorrow?It is illegal to run the red light _____________.The post office is at a _________ distance from our school.conveniencessuit your convenience be convenientbe convenient forfor convenienceconvenient
25 e.g. attract the tourists/attention 吸引游客/吸引注意 9.attract vt. 吸引e.g. attract the tourists/attention 吸引游客/吸引注意同根词:attraction [U/C] 吸引力，有吸引力的事物搭配：have/hold attraction for sbeg. 白金汉宫是重要的旅游胜地。The Buckingham Palace is a major tourist attraction.钓鱼一点都不吸引我。Fishing holds/has little attraction for me.attractive adj. 有吸引力的; unattractive adj.不吸引人的
26 e.g. the nation’s art treasures 国家的艺术珍品 10. historical treasure1) [u] 金银财宝，宝藏 e.g. to find buried treasure2) [c] 珍品/宝贝e.g. the nation’s art treasures 国家的艺术珍品3). v. 珍惜/爱e.g. I will treasure those memories forever.11. influencen.对……的影响 have influence on/over sb. / sth.under the influence of…e.g. She has a great influence on the family.2) n. 产生影响的人/事物 influence on sb./sth.e.g. His new friend has been a good influence on him.
27 The noise from the street affected my study. 11. influence3) v. 影响 influence (sb) to do/ influence sthe.g. The weather influences the crops.You must decide for yourself. Don’t let anyone else influence you.Tell the differenceinfluence n./v. 表示对人或物潜移默化的影响，也指自然界的影响；作为名词可以表示有势力有影响力的人或事物；affect v.多指生理或物质上的变化，可以表示“感染”；effect n. 表示影响所产生的结果，效果常见于“have an effct on”这一结构。The noise from the street affected my study.The new law has a great effect on our lives.Influenced by her father, she decided to become a doctor.
28 It is _________ reading the poem. The poem is _________ of being read. Tell the differenceworthIt is _________ reading the poem.The poem is _________ of being read.The poem is _________ to be read.It is ___________ to read the poem.The British Museum is ___________ a visit.Medicine is a ___________ career.Mr. Green is a _______ gentleman.worthyworthyworthwhileworthworthy ofworthwhile有价值的worthy值得尊敬的