Presentation on theme: "Project Choice David R. Selviah"— Presentation transcript:
1 Project Choice David R. Selviah Department of Electronic and Electrical EngineeringUniversity College LondonPhone:Fax:
2 Outline Introduction, Motivation The 3rd Year Project Choosing a ProjectDaily ActivitiesChoosing a SubjectThink of your own idea, Course ChoicesChoose your supervisorDefine Project with SupervisorAcademics Research Areas ResourceCurriculum VitaeChecklist, Daily Activities Table
3 Introduction The purpose of this talk is to provide you with a common tutorial experience about how to choose a projectto challenge how you might otherwise have chosen a project and your decision making processto give you unified guidelines on how to write a curriculum vitae (CV)
4 Into the ProjectIn embarking on a project you will be stepping away from the educational world you know whereAll equations can be solved analyticallyA function is always simple like a cosine or a Gaussian.You are told what is important.You are provided with comprehensive lecture notes which contain all the facts to solve the problem.You are told which books contain all the answers.Your tutor knows the way to solve the problem.You will be stepping into the real world where none of this is true.
5 Into the ProjectThe project guidelines are at Direct queries to the project co-ordinator :Dr FernandezIn the projectYou are in charge giving you freedom but responsibilityYou need to decide what is importantYou need to search for it or develop it.The supervisors job is not to tell you what to do next so don’t expect him to do that.It is your job to work out what to do next, knowing the goal to be achieved.
6 MotivationYou will be spending a fair amount of your time on the project.The project mark is substantial being worth 1/4 of the third year marks equivalent to 2 courses.However, it should also be considered that employers pay special attention to project work so effectively the project has a higher weight as far as employers are concerned.So it is worth thinking carefully about your choice of project.
7 MotivationThe only way to carry out a difficult project is to be really highly motivated to do well and to work hard.This type of motivation can only come if the project is something you really enjoy so that you want to think about it all the time.So make sure you choose a project that motivates you if you want a good mark.Do not expect your supervisor to motivate you by scolding you if you don’t work hard enough!
8 MotivationMost students choose an interesting project and enjoy the experience and look back on it as being one of the most enjoyable learning experience in the whole of their time at university.Most universities allocate projects to students but we let you choose.It helps you to learn how to make serious decisions and teaches you to have the responsibility to live with the consequences.
9 Employment Motivation When you go for a job interview the first thing the interviewer is likely to talk about is your project.The project is the most similar activity to the company's working environment.They don’t pay you to memorise and take exams!They don’t even pay you because you work hard.They pay you to produce results and achieve goals by specified deadlines.They expect you to learn whatever is necessary in order to overcome any obstacle you encounter.
10 Employment Motivation The project is a learning experience that tries to approximate the real work situation.However, the marking is not just for the results.Marks are also given for the whole process of finding the results as well.
11 Employment Motivation The interviewer will be very happy if you have done a project in the same subject area as that of the company as this shows a continuing interest in this subject.However, it is more important that you have carried out a project well whether it is in the same area or not.So you should be thinking about in which subject area you wish to work.A short project is a good way to try out a subject area to see if it is what you want to do for the rest of your life.If you don’t like it you can change to another area when you apply for a job or when you choose your next project.
12 The 3rd Year Project A misleading name It is more like a month project spread out over a year.Mainly for you to learn how to carry out a project.Generally of little or no benefit to your supervisor.You will learn how to interact with a supervisorto get the most helpto get constructive criticism and to accept it positivelyto impress him and so get good marks
13 The 3rd Year Project You will practice “The Scientific Method”. The importance of logical deductionDebugging a program or circuit or hardwareMaintaining a positive attitude even when everything is breaking down or crashing.Managing a complex set of tasks in a limited time.
14 The 3rd Year ProjectTwo of the most useful skills you will practice and enhance are:How to break down a problem or obstacle into a series of simpler tasks which can then be scheduled and completed to solve the problem.How to search for the required information and knowledge and to learn it and then use it to solve a problem.
15 QuestionsWhat do you think you should consider in coming to a decision about which project to do?Which lectures have you enjoyed the most?Was it because of the subject or the lecturer?What did you enjoy before you came here?What hobbies did you have before you came here?What job do you want to do?
16 Choosing a ProjectTo complete successfully an enjoyable project you must:Choose your supervisor wellChoose the daily activities that you want to doChoose your subject area appropriatelyHomework:Decide what order of importance you would put these in and discuss your decision with your tutor.Choose and research your subject areaDefine your project with your supervisor
17 Daily activitiesMost students start choosing a project by considering the subject area.The ultimate goal may sound exciting and you may want to be part of the team trying to achieve that goal.Although the subject area may be appealing the actual work you will be carrying out day to day may not be.You will be spending most of your time on the daily activities such as electronic design, calculation, writing and debugging computer programs, constructing electrical or optical experiments or fabrication of devices.So you need to consider how much of each of these you want to do in your project.
18 Daily activitiesHomework: What proportion of each of the following activities do you want to do in the project? Discuss with your tutor.Its hard to do maths without a computer to plot graphs of results.
19 Daily activities Computing Project Can do it any time in the day when you are free.Can do it at home if you purchase the software licence and if it does not require a hardware key - dongle.Hardware ProjectCan only do at certain timesMay need to share expensive equipment which may break downMay need to purchase components and wait for delivery.Fun and a sense of achievement when experiment works.
20 Choosing a Project Subject Look at a list of projects on a web pageApproach supervisor for ideasThink of your own ideaChoose third year courses and similar project.
21 Look on web project list Look atOnly a few academics will usually post some projects on the web page early. Another few will post some projects at random times laterSo you may not book a project in the hope that a better project may be posted later.If a new project is posted and you don’t see it straight away someone else may book it.There is a temptation to book a project from one posted early in case all of the others are worse.
22 Look on web project list Posted projects on the web page encourage students to visit that academic but not necessarily to do those projects.Usually students agree with supervisors on a project after a discussion.
23 Approach SupervisorTo identify which supervisor might supervise which topicLook at the web page where their interests are listedOnce you have found an academic arrange a meeting with them by or phone, if possible. They may not be there if you knock on their doorASK the academic if they have or can think of any projects to suit your interests and abilities.
24 Approach SupervisorDon’t ask him which project would be easiest or the least work!ASK present third year students about their projects and supervisors.ATTEND the third year students project presentations near the end of term (usually all day on a Wednesday around 19th March)This will give you ideas of what projects are available, who supervises them, how difficult it is to give a good talk and what the question session is like.Very interesting projects are also offered by staff of other departments: Medical Physics, CS
25 Think of your own ideaAn alternative approach would be for you to SUGGEST a project that you would like to do and ask whether the academic would agree to supervise it.It could be something based on your hobbies such as an electric guitar chorus pedal, or building a robot, or building a bat detector.You will not find these amongst the academics research interests although they may have supervised such projects before and may be willing to do so again.
26 Think of your own ideaObviously if you suggest an idea it will need to be at the required academic level to be considered as a 3rd year project.If not your supervisor will reject it or he he may suggest how it can be modified to meet the required standard.Do not assume that you will be able to find anyone who is willing to supervise a project suggested by you.
27 Course ChoicesIf you choose the project first then you should ask your new supervisor for help in choosing courses which will help your project and which balance effort between the two terms.If you choose the courses first try to balance the number you attend each term. Then think of a project which overlaps as much of the course material as possible.By doing this you will make a lot less work for yourself as the courses help the project and vice versa.
28 Choose your Supervisor An important factor in successful completion of an enjoyable project is your relationship with your supervisor.You have one character and your supervisor another character.You need to choose someone with whom you can work.Someone you like or at least respect.Certainly someone you can ask for criticism of your work and from whom you can accept it as a useful way for you to improve.It’s the only way to learn and improve.
29 Choose your Supervisor Academics are all different characters.Do you want a young, energetic, enthusiastic supervisor who is always pushing you forwards to produce results, and wants to see you at least once a week to report progress?May be good for students who need motivating.
30 Choose your Supervisor Do you want a supervisor with a vast experience, international reputation, large research group who is often invited to give talks in other countries and so may not be easy to meet but when you do see him it is tremendously useful?He is likely to have a large research group with Postdocs and Research Students who can help you on a daily basis.Likely to have a lot of very expensive brand new equipment for experiments.Likely to have a lot of money to purchase more equipment or software.
31 Choose your Supervisor You may only have seen your supervisor in lectures.Many academics are quite different when you meet them in their offices on a one-to-one basis.Students find that some academics who frighten them in lectures are actually very helpful and friendly on a one-to-one basis.So don’t judge them just on their appearance in lectures.Visit them in their offices first to find out what they are like.Ask their project students what they are like.See the project presentations on ~19th March.
32 Choose your Supervisor Booking projects is on a first come first served basis.Some supervisors are very, very popular because of their project topics.Supervisors are limited to a maximum of 5 project studentsSo they soon become booked up.Students might rush and book up projects without giving enough consideration.They may then not enjoy their project and may try to change to another supervisor and another project but it may then be too late to find a good choice available.
33 Define Project with Supervisor Discuss the project goals with prospective supervisor.Supervisor can make project harder/easier to match the required academic standard and shorter/longer to match what is possible in the time.Project needs to interest you a lot - it should absolutely fascinate you and be so interesting that you want to do it during your free time because it is fun.You may want it to be in areas you are good at or new areas you want to learn about.Project should match your table of desirable proportions of daily activities.
34 Define Project with Supervisor Supervisor needs to be able to supervise project.It can be in his area of expertise.Or can be in a new area which interests himAcademics are experts at carrying out projects no matter what the area as the principles are the same.Only £100 is allocated to the supervisor for project costs.
35 Academic SupervisorEvery time you see the academics they are teaching you.However, this is only part of what they are expected to do.The rest of their time is spent on research.(Part of their teaching and research time is spent on administration and management too.)
36 Academic SupervisorSome academics have a research group consisting of:Postdoctoral Research Assistants (RAs or Postdocs) whom they employ to carry out research,Research Students who are working towards higher degrees such as MPhil, MRes, EngD, PhD.Academic Visitors from other countriesIt is beneficial to a BEng, MEng, MSc student to carry out his/her project in the research group in the same subject area and aiming towards the same goal.
37 Academic SupervisorThe members of the research group can often help the student with solving day to day problems in the project.They are usually closer to the students age and a student may find it easier to talk to them.Sometimes a project is closely related to the work of a member of the group and he will give you day-to-day supervision.Of course the academic supervisor remains in overall charge and will oversee and direct the course of your project.
38 Academic SupervisorSupervisors usually are members of staff of the EE department but it is possible to have supervisors from Computer Science or Medical Physics department.In these cases the second assessor will be appointed from within the EE department.
39 Academic SupervisorEach academic carries out research in a certain area of knowledge which is his/her specialist topic area.You need to find out these so that you know who to approach to supervise a project in an area that you like.List of all academics research activities and here.Look at the academics personal web pages e.g.Look at the research groups web page e.g.Ask one academic who knows what everyone does.
40 Research Areas Digital Networks Telecoms RF and Radar Materials Optics ComputingMathsTelecomsOptics
42 Chris Todd Mobile software agent application to communications Aspects of active networksFixed-Mobile convergence service issuesBroadband ServicesOpen Service AccessService Management - PBNM
43 Hermann de Meer Networking and Distributed Systems Research Group IP Networking and Performance ModellingPeer-to-NetworksAd-hoc NetworksOverlay NetworksQuality of Service in IPSecurityAmbience and Home NetworkingIPv6Business models of infrastructureless networks
44 Lionel SacksService Engineering - Distributed Systems, Integrity (robust, high availability), system design, service traffic/QoS, mobile services, multimedia servicesNetwork and Service Management - Traffic engineering/QoS, policy management, topologies-fixed and ad-hocComplex Systems - self organising systems/criticality, decentralised/emergent algorithms, users-systems interactions/dynamicsBusiness Models - policies, micro-economicsKnowledge ManagementClassical Telecoms Networks
45 Izzat Darwazeh Optical and wireless communications systems Design, modelling and experimentationHigh speed optical communicationsRadio over fibre systemsFibre over access systemsMobile and wireless communication systemsCommunication systems modellingHigh speed circuits and MMICsMultimedia transmission over fibre
46 John Mitchell Optical and wireless communications systems Design, modelling and experimentationHigh speed optical communicationsRadio over fibre systemsFibre over access systemsMobile and wireless communication systemsCommunication systems modellingHigh speed circuits and MMICs
47 Alwyn SeedsOptical communications, opto-electronic devices, lasers, microwave photonicsTuneable and mode-locked semiconductor lasersUltra-fast optical communicationsOptical Access networksQuantum well modulators and saturable absorbersDense wavelength division multiplexOptical control of microwave devicesFibre-Radio
48 Polina BayvelOptical Communications: networks, transmission and devicesOptical Network Architectures: optical burst switching, optical packet networks, wavelength routed optical networksStatic and Dynamic wavelength routing and allocation algorithms and schedulingUltra-high speed WDM transmission:Optical non-linearities and fundamental limitation to fibre transmissionUltra-short pulse propagation in dispersive media:New optical devices for short pulse generation, multiwavelength clock recovery and regeneration, routers/crossconnects, tuneable lasers
49 Robert Killey Optical Communications Ultra-high speed WDM transmission systemsOptical fibre non-linearities: fundamental limitations to optical fibre capacityOptical communication system theory and simulationWavelength routed optical networksNetwork planning and performance monitoring
50 Chris Pitt Optical and electronic materials Optical devices Semiconductor devices
51 Ian Boyd Thin films for nanotechnology Nanotechnology Laser ApplicationsUltraviolet sources and applicationsHigh and low k dielectricsAdvanced optical and microelectronic devicesSi, SiGe, SiGeC DevicesSilicon Oxidation
52 Richard Jackman Diamond Electronics The growth of diamond and other wide band gap semiconductorsFabrication of micro and optoelectronic devices from diamondControl of defects and carrier transport within diamond.Laser processing of electronic materials.
53 Tony Kenyon Optoelectronic and Nanostructured Materials Rare-earth doped optical materialsLight emission from siliconTechnological plasmas and plasma processingNanostructured optical materials
54 Paul Warburton Nanoelectronic Materials and Devices Superconductivity Carbon NanotubesCarbon BuckyballsQuantum Electronic DevicesJosephson JunctionsNanolithographyFocussed Ion-Beam Nanofabrication Techniques
55 David GarnerSemiconductor devices, silicon fabrication and processing technology, field-emission and MEMsSilicon RF MOSFETsSilicon power devicesSilicon Power ICsField EmissionMagnetic SensorsSilicon micromachining and MEMSElectron beam lithography
56 Sally Day Liquid crystal devices Liquid crystal displays Optical properties of liquid crystalsNumerical modelling of displays and other liquid crystal devicesNon-display applications of liquid crystals including as optical filters for telecoms and sensorsUse of liquid crystals for microwave devicesMicrolenses and their applications
57 Anibal Fernandez Computer modelling of - liquid crystal devices - optical devices- microwave/antennasApplications of liquid crystals in microwave and optical devicesComputer modelling in ElectromagneticsNumerical methods
58 David R. Selviah Optical Systems and Devices and Pattern Recognition 10 Gbit/s WDM ring LAN as a polymer optical waveguide backplane interconnectGratings on slab waveguides with microlenses for WDM3D TV using variable focal length microlensesWavelength tuneable filters for WDMNano-optical devices, Coherence modulationPattern Recognition: Neural networks, simulated annealing, correlatorsComputer generated holograms, Holographic Memories
59 Hugh Griffiths Radar and Sonar Smart Antennas Signal Processing Bistatic RadarSynthetic aperture radar/sonarElectromagnetics
60 Chris Baker Radar Sonar RF Electronic Warfare technology and techniques
62 Karl Woodbridge Radar and Air Traffic Control Systems Radar AvionicsSatellite CommunicationsGlobal Positioning Systems
63 David Haigh Analogue integrated circuits Microwave integrated circuits High linearity amplifiersHigh frequency filtersGallium Arsenide devices and circuitsSwitched capacitor filtersActive filters
64 Andreas DemosthenousDesign of Analogue and mixed-signal integrated circuitsApplicationsCommunicationsVideo CodingError-Control CodingMedical Electronics
65 Mick FlanaganBioelectronics and biomedical sensing: design, fabrication and modellingBiosensorsBiochipsControl systems in bio/medicineModelling of biosystems (C++ and JAVA)
66 Nina ThornhillMonitoring and control in oil, chemicals and pharmaceutical processesProcess controlProcess data analysisSignal ProcessingProcess MeasurementPlant-wide performance assessmentNOT robotics, electro-mechanical system, hardware
67 Tom Crummey Computer Networks Control Systems Parallel Processing Can only take 2 project students
68 John PollardBluetooth - applications such as mobile medical monitoring, intelligent sensors using Kalman filters, routing in ad hoc networks, mobile agents, TCP/IPSimulation of communication systems (in C)Imaging software, including compressionWAP phone programming (in Java)Software systems (e.g. interrogating databases via PDA/WAP, controlling WebCams)Web-based programming (distributed computation, remote measurements, distance learning)
69 Paul Radmore Analytical Mathematics Applied to Approximation Methods Quantum Optics
70 Curriculum Vitae You must prepare a Curriculum Vitae (CV) This will be useful for applying for summer jobs and for your permanent job.Look at web site for instructionsVisit UCL and UoL Careers Centre.Prepare a CV.Take your CV to your tutor and discuss its layout and content and then make an improved version.Take CV to Careers Service for extra commentsYou may need to go around this loop again.
71 Curriculum Vitae Please go to UCL Careers Service 49-51 Gordon Square and ask for the double sided flyer and the somewhat larger booklet on how to write a CV.You can “drop in” there once you have written your CV and they are happy to comment on it to help you to improve it.They also provide details of companies requesting students for holiday placements: Hobson’s guide, Prospects, University of London website.
72 Curriculum VitaeLayout is important as it gives your employer their first impression of you.The interviewer only looks at it for 3 (!) seconds before discarding it so if they have not obtained the key data by then you will have failed.Your CV needs to be presented in a relevant way.You need to emphasise the skills that are important for your potential employer.Give proof of your ability, don’t just say that you are hard working.After reading your CV the interviewer should be left with a lasting favourable impression.
73 Curriculum Vitae Personal details name (put family name in CAPITALS) address (with dates if more than one)telephone number (and )date of birthnationalitysex
74 Curriculum Vitae Education Dates: details of your university education First year courses studied with course marksGCSEs & A-levels (or equivalent) with gradesPrizes awarded, titles of project performedWork experienceDates: CompaniesText saying what useful skills you learnt
75 Curriculum Vitae Skills foreign languages computing languages or packageskeyboard skillsdriving
76 Curriculum Vitae Leisure interests sports music, drama and other cultural activitiesmembership of clubs and societiespositions of responsibility in clubs and societiesRefereesYour first year and second year tutorsall of their contact details, especiallyaddresses.
77 ChecklistDecide what order of importance you would put these in and discuss your decision with your tutor: Daily activities, Supervisor, Subject?What proportion of each of the daily activities do you want to do in the project? Fill in the table on the next page. Discuss with your tutor.Decide on a subject area and look into it in the library.Prepare your CV taking care to put all your first and second year courses.Make your first appointment with a potential supervisorDefine your project with your supervisor