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National Circumstances and Greenhouse Gas Inventory Information Denmark's experience with reporting in NC3 by Erik Rasmussen Danish Environmental Protection Agency, Ministry of the Environment UNFCCC Workshop on The Preparation of the Fourth National Communication from Annex I Parties 30 September – 1 October 2004 Dublin, Ireland
This presentation: 1. Institutional arrangements 2.GHG emission trends in Denmark 3.Key drivers behind Denmark’s GHG emission trends 4.Consistency of time series and reporting of PAMs 5.The In-Depth Review
1. Institutional arrangements GHG inventories in NC3 The National Environmental Research Institute Co-ordinate and compile the GHG emission inventory, and submit it to the UNFCCC and the EC Estimates emissions from energy, industry, solvents, agriculture and waste The Danish Forest and Landscape Research Institute (now just: “F&L”) Input on carbon emissions and removals from land-use change and forestry The Danish Environmental Protection Agency (via a consulting company) Emissions related to consumption of fluorinated gases (HFCs, PFCs and SF6) Coverage Denmark: All gases (CO 2, CH 4, N 2 O, HFCs, PFCs and SF 6 ) All sectors (CORINAIR -> IPCC/UNFCCC -> 6 Economic sectors) Greenland and Faroe Islands: Greenland (CO2 from energy) and Faroe Islands (CO2, CH4 and N2O)
2a. GHG emission trends in Denmark Carbon dioxide emissions, percentage change from 1990, by source Source: FCCC/IDR.3/DNK
2b. GHG emission trends in Denmark Methane emissions, percentage change from 1990, by source Source: FCCC/IDR.3/DNK
2c. GHG emission trends in Denmark Nitrous oxide emissions, percentage change from 1990, by source Source: FCCC/IDR.3/DNK
2d. GHG emission trends in Denmark Fluorinated gases emissions in Gg, inventories 1990-2001 and projections 2002-2017
3a. Key drivers behind Denmark’s GHG emission trends Inter-annual weather variations: ±(10-20)% in CO2 from energy Temperature: If low --> Increase in emissions Precipitation: If low in the other Nordic countries -> Increase in emissions Long-term trend 1990-2001 when adjusted: -12 % (GDP: + 27%) - Due to decreases from: Fuel switching from coal to natural gas and renewables (biomass and wind) in the energy industry Increased share of CHP Energy efficiency improvements in energy end-use sectors Improved manure and fertiliser management in the agricultural sector (APAE) Improved efficiency in milkproduction and shift from dairy cattle to pigs - Despite increases in: Transport emissions (both CO2 and N2O) Emissions of F-gases
4a. Consistency of time series and reporting of PAMs
4b. Consistency of time series and reporting of PAMs Table from NC3 showing how the IPCC sectors have been aggregated into the 6 economic sectors described in Chapter 4 on Policies and Measures and Chapter 5 on projections of NC3:
4c. Consistency of time series and reporting of PAMs
5. The In-Depth Review Compliance with the guidelines: The review team noted that the inventory section of the NC3 conforms with the UNFCCC Guidelines. It includes a summary of the reporting tables with emission estimates and emission trends. The factors and drivers underlining emission trends are clearly explained. The inventory data reported in the NC3 are consistent with the data from the 2003 inventory submission and the review team did not identify any differences between the two data sets. Emission sources: In terms of emission sources, the inventory includes estimates of all major sources as required by the IPCC guidelines. Sources that are not yet encompassed: limestone and dolomite use, soda ash production and use, asphalt roofing, road paving with asphalt, nitric acid production, pulp and paper, agricultural soils (CH4 emissions), forest and grassland conversion, abandonment of managed lands, and CO2 emissions and removals from soil. The review team encouraged Denmark to include potentially missing sources in the inventory and to provide a clear explanation of why they are not included. The review team noted some inconsistencies in the use of notation keys.
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