Broadband access and digital inclusion Broadband is the oxygen of a digital economy
More connected objects than people … The internet of things 50 billion by 2020
Impact of technology on poverty A PC + Internet bundle creates an average of 65k USD per capita in estimated economic and social impact over the course of student lifetime in Philippines YES +6-8% secondary school graduation rate 40% pursue post-secondary education Graduates from college/university & receives higher salary Average lifetime earnings of 221,235 USD or more Access to PC + Internet at home? NO +6-8% secondary school drop out rate Work lower wage unskilled jobs ; risk for social disengagement Increased likelihood of dependency on social resources Average lifetime earnings of 44,685 or less + consumption of resources Increase earning potential Limit earning potential 64,669 USD average per capita difference Make 5,028 USD on average Likely to develop health issues, supp. income, etc https://federalreserve.gov/pubs/fdp/2008/958/fdp958.htm
By targeting students in poverty in total economic and social impact can potentially be realized in Philippines Earnings $140,926M Tax $33,882M Social Savings $4,222M Prison Savings $466M Healthcare Benefits $3,304M E-Gov $169M >183B USD Improved social impact
Challenge: Universal Broadband internet connected customers 2.3B broadband wired broadband subscribers 595M wireless broadband subscribers 1.2B *2011 Estimates: ITU World Telecommunications/ ICT Indicators database
TV band white spaces are gaps left between broadcast channels. They occur in different places on different channels. What are TV White Spaces?
White Spaces transmissions travel farther TVWS TVWS - FIXED WLAN-5 102505007501000125015001750 RANGE IN METERS 300 200 100 0 400 THROUGHPUT (MBPS) EXTENDS TO 10 KMS WLAN- 2.4
Utilizing long range characteristics Cellular offloading Rural broadband/backhaul Wide-coverage hotspots Bridge among small networks Sensor network Wireless surveillance system Potential TV White Spaces use cases
INDUSTRY OPPONENTS BROADCASTERS WIRELESS MICS OTHERS INDUSTRY SUPPORTERS MICROSOFT, GOOGLE WISPS, OTHER PUBLIC INTEREST ADVOCATES WIRELESS CARRIERSPOLICYMAKERS HIGH TECH VENDORS CISCO, INTEL, ERICSSON, QUALCOMM STAKEHOLDERS
Devices can successfully co-exist with broadcasters and other licensees Could be used for a variety of applications The trial participation and attention evidences growing industry interest and readiness This and other trial results will aid regulatory decisions around the world Cambridge – Key Conclusions White Spaces
Regulatory landscape TV White Spaces Country/ RegionLawRegulationPolicy GuidanceTrials/Pilots United States Done Trials complete/Pilots ongoing UK Pending Done Trials complete/Pilots planned Finland Done Trials complete/Pilots planned Canada Pending Trials ongoing European Commission PendingDoneTrials ongoing China Trials ongoing Singapore Pending Trials complete/Pilots planned South Korea Trials planned Japan Trials planned Brazil Trials planned
A growing White Space technology ecosystem… Comsearch Frequency Finder, Inc. Google Key Bridge LS Telcom AG Microsoft Neustar Spectrum Bridge (Approved) Telcordia Technologies (Ericsson) 6Harmonics Adaptrum Airspan Carlson KTS Lyrtech MLED Neul Shared Spectrum Alcatel-Lucent Atheros (Qualcomm) ARM Broadcom CSR Dell Hewlett Packard Intel LG Electronics Marvell Semiconductor Nokia, Inc. Research in Motion Samsung....
Where we are going... R&D Basic research Lab trials Regulatory Trials Technology feasibility Prototype devices Field test & measurements Commercial Pilots Device & database certification Use case experimentation Vertical industries Commercial Deployments Volume devices Rural broadband Campus networking Smaller form factors Standards-based devices 1 3 2 4