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Warm-up 9/2 – Turn in HW later

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1 Warm-up 9/2 – Turn in HW later
The Ancient Egyptians were obsessed with the idea of life after death. In what ways might geography have played a roll in shaping their strong belief in an afterlife? If you don’t know the answer, just ask your mummy

2 AP – Chapter 1 Quiz 1.What is bi-pedalism? List 2 advantages of it.
2.How do archeologists “DESCRIBE” the difference between the Paleolithic and Neolithic ages? 3.What is the Neolithic Revolution and what is an important way it changed people’s lives? 4.Define the terms: prehistory, nomad, and sedentary 5. What animal was domesticated in the Americas? 6. What important achievement did the Babylonian King named Hammurabi accomplish?

3 Civilizations developed.
Civilizations are advanced cultures that have the following things: 1) Cities 2) Formal Governments (Kings, Queens, etc.) 3) Formal religion (Priests, Temples)

4 4) Social classes – rulers, priests, warriors, workers, slaves, etc
4) Social classes – rulers, priests, warriors, workers, slaves, etc. 5) Writing 6) Art, sculpture, or advanced architecture

5 Limerick Along river valleys the first cities arose
From fertile soil everything grows Civilizations emerged Artistic endeavors did surge Empires rose and fell as the wind blows

6 Limerick There once was a King named Hammurabi
Writing laws was his favorite hobby The guilty paid with an eye But no one asked why His laws favored the rich and the snobby

7 How to analyze Primary Source documents
SOAPPSTONE S = Subject matter O = Occasion A = Audience P = Purpose P = Point of View Tone = Tone

8   #3 If any one bring an accusation of any crime before the elders, and does not prove what he has charged, he shall, if it be a capital offense charged, be put to death.

9   #6 If any one steal the property of a temple or of the court, he shall be put to death, and also the one who receives the stolen thing from him shall be put to death.

10  #109 If conspirators meet in the house of a tavern-keeper, and these conspirators are not captured and delivered to the court, the tavern-keeper shall be put to death.

11 117    If any one fail to meet a claim for debt, and sell himself, his wife, his son, and daughter for money or give them away to forced labor: they shall work for three years in the house of the man who bought them, or the proprietor, and in the fourth year they shall be set free.

12 129    If a man's wife be surprised (in flagrante delicto) with another man, both shall be tied and thrown into the water, but the husband may pardon his wife and the king his slaves.

13 148    If a man take a wife, and she be seized by disease, if he then desire to take a second wife he shall not put away his wife, who has been attacked by disease, but he shall keep her in the house which he has built and support her so long as she lives.

14 196 If a man put out the eye of another man, his eye shall be put out
196    If a man put out the eye of another man, his eye shall be put out. [ An eye for an eye ]

15 200    If a man knock out the teeth of his equal, his teeth shall be knocked out. [ A tooth for a tooth ]

16 209    If a man strike a free-born woman so that she lose her unborn child, he shall pay ten shekels for her loss    If the woman die, his daughter shall be put to death.

17 What are some important differences between the laws of Hammurabi and the laws we have today?

18 A monarch Art

19 Architecture Writing

20 Larger cities required…
There were certain projects that individuals could not do like building irrigation projects and city walls. Advanced projects required cooperation. United efforts required leadership.

21 Invention and innovation
Are found in cities People can copy and share ideas easily The use of metals The use of animals for labor

22 Civilization emerges Near rivers
Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, China, Americas Sumerian Civ. appears in Mesopotamia Cuneiform, the wheel, 12 month calendar, math system based on 60, arches and columns. Polytheism, Ziggurats

23 Babylonians and then… 1700BCE Hammurabi
Hittites, Assyrians, Chaldeans (new Babylonians), Persia

24 How were ideas spread? Trade, cultural diffusion, war
The huge Persian Empire brought many cultural groups inside the same Empire

25 Lydians, Phoenicians, and Hebrews
Lydians – Coined Money Phoenicians – 22 letter alphabet Hebrews – Monotheism

26 Egypt Nile River Old, Middle, New King Menes, pharaohs, hieroglyphics
Importance of trade Afterlife Hatshepsut

27 More on Egypt Social structure from top to bottom
Why did Egypt and the other large Mesopotamian civilizations decline?

28 Handout Mesopotamian and Egyptian religions reading and questions
Homework Handout Mesopotamian and Egyptian religions reading and questions

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