5 ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA- GEOGRAPHY POSITIVEabundant amount of clayeasy till-able soilwater supply from Tigris-Euphrates RiversNEGATIVEfew natural resourcesminimal protection from deserts and mountains
6 ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA- SUMERIAN CIVILIZATION BELIEVED TO BE SETTLED CA B.C.DIVIDED INTO CITY-STATESHELPED TO DEVELOP THE FIRST FORM OF ORGANIZED RELIGIONCREATED ONE OF THE EARLIEST FORM OF WRITING
7 ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA- SUMERIAN CITY-STATES ALWAYS IN CONSTANT CONFLICT OVER WATER RIGHTS AND LANDCREATED WALLS FOR PROTECTION, WITH MOATS ALONG THE OUTSIDEFARMS WERE LOCATED ALONG THE OUTSIDE OF THE CITY
8 Sumerians invented: Wheel Time – 60 minutes in an hour, 60 seconds in a minute12 month lunar calendararchramp
9 ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA- SUMERIAN RELIGION Ziggurats: pyramid site of the temple of the main gods.Each city-state had their own gods and goddessesSun god – most important.Life after death was an extension of life.
10 Ziggurat Large pyramid shaped structures Connected to heaven and earth Ziggurat: “center for learning and religion”
11 Sumerian Religion Monotheism: worshiping one god. Sumerians were PolytheisticThe Sumerians viewed their gods as hostile and unpredictable - similar to the natural environment around them.)Gilgamesh Epic, one of the earliest works of literature.Contains a “flood story” that predates the Hebrew Old Testament story of Noah by at least 2,000 years.Monotheism: worshiping one god.“Mono” – means onePolytheism: worshiping many gods.“Poly” – means many
12 ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA- SUMERIAN WRITING CALLED CUNEIFORM (LATIN FOR WEDGE)WRITTEN ON CLAY TABLETSNEEDED FOR RELIGION, GOVERNMENT, AND TRADELEARNED IN SCHOOL, BY MALES THAT LASTED FROM SUNRISE TO SUNSET
13 Sumerian Writing: cuneiform CALLED CUNEIFORM (LATIN FOR WEDGE)WRITTEN ON CLAY TABLETSNEEDED FOR RELIGION, GOVERNMENT, AND TRADELEARNED IN SCHOOL, BY MALES THAT LASTED FROM SUNRISE TO SUNSETCuneiform is created by pressing a pointed stylus into a clay tablet.
15 ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA- SUMERIAN ECONOMY Make, sell or barter goods.Trade helped expansion.Development of moneyWill evolve over time.RICHgovernment officialsreligious leaderstradersPOORFarmerscraftsman
16 ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA- SUMERIAN PASTIMES EntertainmentNo longer had to hunt and gather.More time for fun times.Rich had more time than poor.Activities:BOARD GAMESINSTRUMENTSBARE FISTED BOXINGActivities geared toward young and used for socializing.
17 The invention of Agriculture changed the way people lived. Agriculture (Farming)Growth of CitiesDivision of Labor (Specialization)TradeWriting and Mathematics
18 Hammurabi’s Code Early legal code written by King Hammurabi of Babylon 282 laws.Harsh punishment for crimes.Based on equal retaliation.“ If a man bring an accusation against a man and charge him with a capital crime, but cannot prove it, the accuser, shall be put to death”“If the slave of a freed man strike the body of a freed man, his ear shall be cut off”Laws were varied for the wealthy and powerful.
19 What do you think?“ If a man bring an accusation against a man and charge him with a capital crime, but cannot prove it, the accuser, shall be put to death”“If the slave of a freed man strike the body of a freed man, his ear shall be cut off”If a man strike a free-born woman so that she lose her unborn child, he shall pay ten shekels for her loss.“If the woman die, his daughter shall be put to death.