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Published byJanie Putnam
Modified over 5 years ago
BUILDING TRADES: BUILDING BASIC CABINETS Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
Exploded view of Upper Cabinet 1.) Wall cabinet project detail. This exploded view shows all wood components of the cabinet to be built. The letters correspond with the material list on the next slide. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
Material and Cutting List Project as Shown KeyPartMaterialPiecesSize ASide panels3/4" oak plywood211 1/4" x 30" BBack panel1/4" oak plywood130' x 35 1/4" CNailing strip1 Ã? 3 oak134 1/4" DTop, bottom panels3/4" oak plywood235 1/4" x 11 1/4" EFace frame1 Ã? 3 oak 12 linear ft. FShelves3/4" oak plywood29 3/4" x 34 1/4" GGlass panel or overlay doors Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
Side Panels with Dadoes and Rabbets 3.) Side panels made from ¾ plywood have ¾- wide X 3/8 deep dadoes where bottom and top panels will fit and ¼ wide rabbets where back panel will fit. Rows of parallel peg holes, 1 ½ in from the edge, will hold pin- style shelf supports. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
¼ Back Panel with Nailer Installed 4.) Back panel made from ¼ plywood has a 1 x 3 nailing strip mounted 1 ½ below top edge of the back panel and set in 3/8 on each side. It is fastened with glue and ¾ screws driven through the back panel. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
Cutting Rabbets and Dadoes 5.) Measure and cut ¾ plywood side panels, then cut rabbets and dadoes, using a router and a straightedge guide. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
Drilling 6.) Drill two parallel rows of ¼ holes for pin-style shelf supports on the inside face of each side panel. Use a right angle guide and a scrap of pegboard as a template to ensure that holes line up correctly. A drill press and jig would work as well or better. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
Assembling Top / Bottom to Side Panels 7.) Measure and cut plywood top and bottom panels, then glue and clamp side panels to the top and bottom panels to form dado joints. Reinforce the joints with 2 finish nails driven every 3. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
Attaching the Nailing Strip and ¼ Back 8.) Measure, cut, and attach 1x3 nailing strip to the back panel. Using glue and 3/4 screws, set the back panel into rabbets at the back edges of the cabinet. Secure the back with 1-1/2 wire nails driven into the cabinet edge Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
Attaching the Nailing Strip 9.) Drive 2 finish nails through the side panels and into the end of the nailing strip. A pneumatic nailer can be used in place of hand nailing. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
Building the Face Frame 10.) Measure height and width between inside surfaces of cabinet, then cut 1x3 face frame rails 4 ¾ less than the width, and face frame stiles 4 longer than height. Clamp and glue rails between pilot holes and driving 4 finish nails through the stiles into the rails. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
Attaching Face Frame 11.) Center the face frame on the cabinet so overhang is equal, and top edge of the bottom rail is flush with bottom shelf surface. Attach the face frame with glue and 2 finish nails driven through pilot holes. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
Attaching Doors 12.) This picture show the doors being attached to the cabinet after finish was applied. Also, these doors are glass panel, which is an option. The doors we normally use are lip mold doors. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
Completed Upper Cabinet 13.) Upper cabinet completed and finished with rosewood stain and urethane clear coat. The cabinet shown throughout this presentation is made using oak plywood and hardwood. There are many species of lumber available and a lot of choices of finish to choose from. Good luck with your future cabinets. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
Next Lesson Sand and Finish Cabinet 14.) In our next lesson, we will fill nail holes, then sand and finish the cabinet. We will also discuss the different types of finishes available, including their proper and safe use. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
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