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Socrates About Beauty 周艺菲 丁潇怡 廖赞钰.

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Presentation on theme: "Socrates About Beauty 周艺菲 丁潇怡 廖赞钰."— Presentation transcript:

1 Socrates About Beauty 周艺菲 丁潇怡 廖赞钰

2 Mottos about beauty Beauty is a short-lived tyranny. ——Socrates
Living well and beautifully and justly are all one thing. ——Socrates Give me beauty in the inward soul; may the outward and the inward man be at one ——Socrates

3 Mottos about beauty Beauty is in the eye of the beholder." ——Plato
Beauty is not in the face; beauty is a light in the heart ——Kahlil Gibran A soul that sees beauty may sometimes walk alone ——Johann von Goethe

4 Other quotes on beauty Did my heart love till now? Forswear it sight, For I ne'er saw true beauty till this night ——Romeo and Juliet

5 Other quotes on beauty If you truly love Nature, you will find beauty everywhere. ——Vincent Van Gogh

6 Other quotes on beauty ——Francis Bacon <Of Beauty>
In beauty, that of favor, is more than that of color; and that of decent and gracious motion, more than that of favor. That is the best part of beauty, which a picture cannot express; no, nor the first sight of the life. There is no excellent beauty, that hath not some strangeness in the proportion. ——Francis Bacon <Of Beauty>

7 Compendium of Socrates
Socrates(469BC – 399BC) was one of the most powerful, intriguing, annoying, inspiring, widely known, and yet misunderstood figures in the history of philosophy. He stood clearly for some values and clearly against others. He had high respect for justice, integrity, courage, temperance, decency正派, beauty and balance. He attracted faithful followings. He taught and inspired Plato and Aristotle.

8 Compendium of Socrates
Socrates believed the true self is not the body, but the soul. True beauty is inner beauty, beauty of spirit and character. Happiness, like goodness, is a matter of inner qualities. He preferred a good and beautiful soul to a pleasing body that housed a lesser self. Socrates believed the psyche灵魂 is the essence of happiness.

9 Socrates’ theory Theory of Forms is the theory that there exist as real entities such things as Beauty in itself, Goodness in itself, and largeness坦荡 in itself. Socrates posits Forms as the true reasons for things being as they are. For instance, something is beautiful because it participates in the Form of Beauty, and for no other reason. While others might try to explain the beauty of an object in terms of its color or shape, Socrates suggests that ultimately, the simplest and best explanation is given by the Theory of Forms.

10 Aesthetics & Beauty Aesthetics美学 is a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of art, beauty, and taste, with the creation and appreciation of beauty.

11 A Socratic Dialogue on the Meaning of Beauty
ATREUS: Surely Socrates you do not give yourself enough credit. You are one of Athens most intellectually gifted citizens. You would have no difficulty in determining which of two things were more beautiful. SOCRATES: No Atreus, you give me too much credit. I would never be so foolish as to claim that I could determine which of two things were more beautiful, for I do not even know what beauty is. ATREUS: Surely you must know what beauty is. The notion of beauty comes so naturally to us that to claim not to know is simply foolish. Even a child knows what beauty is. Are you just putting me on欺骗, Socrates? SOCRATES: Not at all Atreus, I am only asking what beauty is out of complete and utter sincerity. Please won't you lend me a moment of your precious time and impart on me your knowledge in this particular area? ATREUS: Very well Socrates. Beauty is that which we find physically attractive, things that are pretty, things that look good, are pleasant to look at, pleasing to the eye and so forth. Surely you would agree? SOCRATES: So Atreus, beauty is simply that which pleases the eye? ATREUS: Of course, Socrates. It is as simple as that. You see, the notion of beauty is not a difficult concept to grasp; you understand it already.

12 A Socratic Dialogue on the Meaning of Beauty
SOCRATES: In virtue of what is this flower beautiful? ATREUS: This flower is beautiful in virtue of the way it makes me feel. This flower instils贯彻 in me a feeling of beauty. SOCRATES: So beauty is a feeling? ATREUS: Beauty is that which one feels when one is looking at something appealing, or pleasing to the senses, such as this flower. SOCRATES: So beauty is that which one feels when sensing something appealing. But appealing is the word you used to describe beauty. Therefore, your claim would be that beauty is that which one feels when one is looking at something beautiful. My dear Atreus, you have not given me any clearer picture of what beauty is than what I already had before I came here. I feel that if we spend just a few hours longer, we will be able to determine just what beauty is, Atreus. Won't you stay and enlighten an old fool? ATREUS: Please Socrates, I must go. I have just remembered some final preparations for the gallery that I need to do right away. Goodbye Socrates.

13 Conclusion of Socratic Dialogue
At the heart of this dilemma of a philosophical nature is the true meaning of the term "beauty." In this dialogue, Socrates claims to have no clear notion about what beauty is, yet his interlocutor, Atreus is considered somewhat of an expert in this area. The philosophical aim of this dialogue was to demonstrate that Atreus' understanding of beauty was inadequate. Finally Atreus gives one last attempt at defining the term, but this too, is not good enough for Socrates.

14 Modern beauty

15 Thanks for your attention!

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