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Classical and Renaissance Notions of Visual Beauty.

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Presentation on theme: "Classical and Renaissance Notions of Visual Beauty."— Presentation transcript:

1 Classical and Renaissance Notions of Visual Beauty

2 Western and Non-Western Notions of the Ideal Images: (left) Michelangelos David, 1500-1501 and (right) Idealized Male Figure from Mali, 15 th -20 th c.

3 European Modernism and Non-Western Art, late 19 th -early 20 th c. African, Asian, and Polynesian art inspire European artists such as Picasso, Gauguin, and Matisse to question the role of beauty in artits necessity, form, and purpose. Images below: (left) Picasso, Girl with a Mandolin and (right) Mbuya Sickness Mask

4 European Modernism and Non-Western Art II Picassos Les Demoiselles dAvignon, 1906-1907 (right) combined stylistic features of non- Western art with a Western sensibility.

5 Beyond Picasso and an Anti-aesthetic in 20 th c. Art The Transformation of Classical Beauty in Western Culture: From the Beauty of the Body to the Beauty of the Machine The Machine Aesthetic emerges in early 20 th c. Europe and America Image on the right: Lewis Hines Powerhouse Mechanic, 1925

6 Precisionism, or the Machine Aesthetic, in 20 th c. American Art Images: (left) Charles Sheelers Wheels (photograph), 1939 and (right) Sheelers River Rouge Plant (Ford Motor Co.), 1932

7 Machine Aesthetic in America II Images: Charles Sheelers Steam Turbine, 1936 and Charles Demuths My Egypt, 1932

8 Georgia OKeeffe as Precisionist Images: OKeeffe, The Radiator Building and OKeeffe, Light Lily

9 OKeeffe, Nature, and Beauty (Aesthetic Abstraction) Images: OKeeffe, MusicPink and Blue and OKeeffe, Cows Skull with Camelia

10 Russian Suprematism, 1915-1917 (Malevich, El Lissitzky, and Popova) The Beauty of Abstraction and Geometry

11 Piet Mondrian and Pure Abstraction, 1930s and 1940s (Seeking universals, including a universal beauty, in abstraction) Images: Mondrians Broadway Boogie Woogie, 1942-44 and Mondrians Composition

12 Wassily Kandinsky and the Beauty of Abstraction, 1910s to 1930s (Seeking universals, including a universal beauty, in abstraction)

13 Modernist ArchitectureThe Marriage of the Machine Aesthetic and the Beauty of Abstraction Building: Le Corbusiers Villa Savoy, France, 1928-30

14 Modernist Architecture (II) Le Corbusiers Villa Savoy (interior) and the Centre Le Corbusier, Switzerland

15 Christian Philosophy and Twentieth-Century Art (Kaethe Kollwitz) An anti-aesthetic in the service of social reform Images: Kollwitzs Mother with Dead Child, 1903 and Kollwitzs Poverty

16 Kollwitz and The Weavers Rebellion Series 1890s1900s

17 Kollwitz and Non-Western Art Models Images: Kollwitzs The Parents (grieving), woodcut and Sculpture from Tonga

18 The Value of Art for Christian Philosophers Today The Photographs of Sebastiao Salgado in the Service of Social Reform Today

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