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PABLO RUIZ Y PICASSO Self Portrait, Madrid 1901

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Presentation on theme: "PABLO RUIZ Y PICASSO Self Portrait, Madrid 1901"— Presentation transcript:

1 PABLO RUIZ Y PICASSO 1881-1973 Self Portrait, Madrid 1901
-Spaniards keep both their parents surnames. Eventially Picasso Dropped the Ruiz. -In his life he created more than 20,000 works of art -He was born in Malaga Spain. Self Portrait, Madrid 1901

2 In his youth Picasso produced many fine works of art.
12 years old Study of a Torso, After a Plaster Cast

3 14 years old The Old Fisherman, 1895

4 At 16 years old Science and Charity, 1897

5 February 17: Casagemas's failure with Germaine drives him to suicide
February 17: Casagemas's failure with Germaine drives him to suicide. Casagemas shoots himself in front of a group of friends at Café de l'Hippodrome, a restaurant on the Boulevard de Clichy in Montmartre. He is rushed, while still alive, to the Hôpital Bichot, where he dies shortly afterward at 11:30 PM. Germaine and Odette take Pallarés to a pharmacy for treatment of an eye which has been temporarily blinded by the blast, and then to Odette's house at 11, rue Chappe. Picasso learns about the incident while in Madrid. February 28: His portrait drawing of his friend appears with an obituary by Eduard Marquina in Catalunya artistica. Death Casagemas, 1901

6 Blue Period 1901 - 1904 The Old Guitar Player
His Influence was El Greco, a famous Spanish painter The Old Guitar Player

7 Picasso’s was Influenced by:
El Greco, Laocoon, 1614

8 Self Portrait La Celestina

9 Woman and Child by the Sea

10 Blue Nude

11 Woman in a Chemise, 1904

12 The Rose Period 1904 - 1906 Family of Saltimbanques
In 1904 he moved to Paris. Family of Saltimbanques

13 Harlequin’s Family with Ape
La Toilette

14 Lady with a Fan Two Youths
He met Fernande Olivier who became his girlfriend and he came out of his blue period Lady with a Fan Two Youths

15 Woman with Loaves

16 In 1906, Picasso moved to Gosol, Spain where he changed his style
In 1906, Picasso moved to Gosol, Spain where he changed his style.  His new works where influenced by Iberian, and African art.  He began to use more geometrical figures in his artwork.  He began smoking a lot of opium. And quit when a friend committed suicied after smoking too much and losing his mind. Picasso's works began to shift slightly in appearance and theme. His characters had oddly shaped faces, looking similar to masks. Their mask like faces reflected his interest in Iberian and African sculpture. Picasso was interested in African art, as were many other artists of the time.

17 Planting the seeds of Cubism
With Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, the Spanish painter Pablo Picasso offends the Paris art scene in Showing his eight-foot-square canvas to a group of painters, patrons, and art critics at his studio, Picasso meets with almost unanimous shock, distaste, and outrage. The painter Matisse is angered by the work, which he considers a hoax, an attempt to paint the fourth dimension. "It was the ugliness of the faces that froze with horror the half-converted," the critic Salmon writes later. The painter Derain comments wryly, "One day we shall find Pablo has hanged himself behind his great canvas." In the months leading up to the painting's creation, Picasso struggles with the subject -- five women in a brothel. He creates more than 100 sketches and preliminary paintings, wrestling with the problem of depicting three-dimensional space in a two-dimensional picture plane. The original composition includes two men -- a patron surrounded by the women, and a medical student holding a skull, perhaps symbolizing that "the wages of sin are death." In the final composition, the patron is gone and the medical student -- who has been called a stand-in for the painter himself -- has become a fifth woman with a primitive mask, holding back the crimson curtain to reveal her "sisters." The painting is described as a battleground, with the remains of the battle left on the canvas. The Iberian women in the center of the canvas clash with the hideously masked creatures standing and squatting on the right. Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, 1907

18 African masks African Masks

19 Cubism The name "Cubism" comes from an insult by another artist, Henri Matisse. He called a painting by Georges Braque: "petits cubes", or little cubes.

20 Still Life with Death’s Head, 1907

21 Houses With Trees, 1907 Reservoir Horta, 1909

22 Analytic Cubism The Guitar Player, 1910
Between 1908 and 1911 Picasso and  George Braque painted landscape paintings in a new style.  This style was termed cubism by a critic who described the work as being made of "little cubes".  They created this style by breaking down and analyzing a object.  The main color scheme was browns and other muddy colors (monochromatic color). The Guitar Player, 1910

23 Synthetic Cubism Still Life with Chair Caning, 1912
In 1912, Picasso began to paste paper and pieces of oilcloth to his paintings and then paint either on them or around them.  These where his first collages.  This technique is called synthetic cubism.  This is a more decorative, colorful style of art.  He has done some synthetic cubism, but not particularly a lot. Still Life with Chair Caning, 1912

24 Neo-Classical Period Mother and Child on the Seashore, 1921
Picasso cannot be accused of sticking to one style for too long, so if you don't happen to like his cubist period, other images are perhaps more pleasing to a general public. The collaboration between Picasso and Braque was ended by the First World War. After this, Picasso reverted to a more Classicist mode of representation. It is believed that he did this as a reaction to society's disillusionment and shock from the horrors of the war. Perhaps, in its own way, it was a way of returning his own psyche to a state of order and peace. Whatever the reason, this was not a final stage in Picasso's career. He soon continued to produce cubist works again, always finding new ways to express himself with the style. Mother and Child on the Seashore, 1921 The Lovers, 1923

25 Later Works Girl Before a Mirror, 1932 Dream, 1932
Picasso's later cubist works introduce more color and pattern than his experimental earlier period. These are some of my favorite paintings by Picasso. It is my belief that, at this point, Picasso and Matisse were influencing each other in their works. The two artists are described as having "a friendly rivalry". Girl Before a Mirror, 1932 Dream, 1932

26 Dorra Mar, Sitting, 1939 Portrait of JR with Roses, 1954

27 What were the styles of Picasso’s art work?
Realism in his Youth Blue Period Rose Period Cubism Neo-Classicism Later Works

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