Presentation on theme: "A Good Man is Hard to Find"— Presentation transcript:
1 A Good Man is Hard to Find ByFlannery O’connor(first published in 1953)
2 Flannery O’connor (1925-1964) http://library.gcsu.edu/~sc/foc.html American authorBorn in Savannah, GeorgiaBible beltCatholic backgroundAttended Georgia State College for women
3 Flannery O’connor http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/flannery.htm Wrote in Southern gothic traditionCombined comic with tragic and brutalWas profoundly influenced by the spiritual nature of the region in which she lived
4 Find evidence of each type. Types of ConflictPlotPerson vs. personPerson vs. selfPerson vs. GodPerson vs. NatureFind evidence of each type.Vs. self—Grandmother realizes the house she remembers was in Tennessee.Vs. Others—Grandmother always seems to be pitted against the family members and finally the Misfit.The children manipulate their parents and are rude to the owners of The Tower.The whole family is murdered by the Misfit’s boys.Vs. God—The Misfit rejects God and is struggling with this even as he talks with Grandmother.Vs. Nature—The cat surprises Bailey Boy.Mistaken directions to Grandmother’s remembered house.The deserted landscape allows the crime to occur.
5 Movement of Events Exposition Complication Climax Denouement Family discusses trip to Florida.Children are rude and cynical.Grandmother doesn’t want to go.ComplicationThe Tower RestaurantJune Star is rude.Discussion of “The Misfit”Title line occurs.ClimaxThe murdersGrandmother’s and Misfit’s epiphaniesDenouement“It’s no real pleasure in life.”
6 Natural Setting —both friendly and hostile Georgia roadsideStone Mountainsparkling treeschild wavingprivate cemetery with 5 or 6 gravesmoderate temperaturedeserted back road outside Toomsborowoods
7 Man-made Setting Both friendly and hostile The family’s houseArguing goes on there between children and Grandmother.The carStories from Grandmother and fighting of childrenThe accidentThe Tower RestaurantFilling station/dance hallOutside Timothy, Georgia“Tennessee Waltz”Monkey
8 Major Characters Characterization Protagonist = Grandmother (developing)Dresses like a ladyValues orderlinessIs practicalForgetfulTells storiesIs good-heartedBelieves in JesusGives and receives grace in the endAntagonist = The Misfit (developing)Looks like a scholarIs driving a hearsePoliteSpeculativeRejects ChristPerceives and rejects graceLoses pleasure in meanness
9 Minor Characters Spiritually undeveloped Hiram and Bobby Lee Red Sammy Bailey BoyEasily manipulatedWears parrot shirtHis wifeRemains unnamedResembles a rabbit or cabbageJohn Wesley and June StarThe childrenDisrespectful to adultsHiram and Bobby LeeThe Misfit’s boysRed SammyOwns BarbecueLaments lack of goodness in peopleRed Sammy’s wifeRemains unnamedPoliteDistrustful of husbandHave students find support for these traits in the text.
10 “A Good Man is Hard to Find” Title and Pt. of View“A Good Man is Hard to Find”TitleRefers to every person’s need for grace.Note similarity between “Good Man” and “Young Goodman Brown.”Point of ViewThird person limited through Grandmother’s eyesRelate this back to the title of “Young Goodman Brown.” The theme of distrust is replicated here, but is resolved in the end. In Hawthorne, it is never resolved.
11 Major and minor symbols abound. SymbolismMajor and minor symbols abound.Names of people and placesJohn WesleyMajor religious figureWrote and preached about graceRed SammyDevil figureSees only evil in mankindLack of names in someMost of the men and boys have names but no women except for June Star.The MisfitRejects social and moral normsToomsboroForeshadows death of familyI don’t know why June Star alone of all the women is named. Have the class speculate on this.
12 Other Symbols Animals Monkey Cat Parrot and rabbit a symbol for the devil and many vicesCatalso associated with the diabolicalClings to Bailey “like a caterpillar”Signifying transformation?Rubs against MisfitParrot and rabbitBailey Boy and wifeboth passive and irresolute
13 More Symbols The Color Red Physical positions Bailey Boy Red Sammy In sprint position but doesn’t moveLeans against a “gray, naked pine trunkCross image?Is Bailey transformed at the end in his confrontation with death?Cat clings to his neckBailey is always acted uponBut this could ironically be the act that saves himThe Color RedRed SammyDevil imageBobby Lee’s red shirtMisfit’s red eyes and anklesbrutalityEvilimpotence
14 Other Symbols Physical Positions (cont.) Foreshadowing Snake image GrandmotherBegins by looking down on Misfitdrops hatresignationDies smiling and looking upIn a state of graceForeshadowingCemetery with 5 or 6 graves“Woods gaped like a dark mouth”Snake image“sprang back as though a snake had bitten him”
15 The need for and availability of grace ThemeThe need for and availability of graceLike Hawthorne, O’connor explores the evil nature of mankind. But for her, although evil abounds, grace does as well. Every person needs grace. Every person can have it.