Presentation on theme: "Chapitre 6. The Imperfect Tells how things were or what used to happen repeatedly in the past. Formation: Take present-tense nous conjugation, drop –ons,"— Presentation transcript:
The Imperfect Tells how things were or what used to happen repeatedly in the past. Formation: Take present-tense nous conjugation, drop –ons, add appropriate ending: Je –aisNous –ions Tu – ais Vous – iez Il/Elle – aitIls/Elles – aient Ex: parler parlons parl- + ending Je parlaisNous parlions Tu parlaisVous parliez Il/Elle parlaitIls/Elles parlaient Irregulars: Manger No e in nous/vous forms (Mangions, Mangiez) Commencer No ç in nous/vous forms(Commencions/Commenciez) être irregular stem ét-
Passé Composé ou Imparfait? Both the passé composé and the imparfait are used to describe actions that happened in the past, but they are used in different ways. *In this case, the passé composé and the imparfait are often used in the same sentence, as an action being done (imp) that is interrupted by another action (P.C.). Passé ComposéImparfait What happenedHow things were One-time, completed actions What used to happen, repeatedly Non-descriptiveDescriptions *Interruption of action*Action being done
Passé Composé ou Imparfait? It was beautiful outside. IMP- Il faisait beau. I went to the store. PC- Je suis allé(e) au magasin. You used to listen to music. IMP- Tu écoutais de la musique. She was beautiful when she was young. IMP- Elle était belle quand elle était jeune. They made a sand castle. PC- Ils ont fait un château de sable. I was sleeping when my brother woke me up. PC et IMP- Je dormais quand mon frère mont reveillé.
Adverb Placement Adverbs describe adjectives, verbs, and other adverbs Typically, adverbs describing how much, how often, or how well something is done are placed after the conjugated verb Ex: I play tennis often. Je joue souvent au tennis. EXCEPTIONS: Comme ci comme ça, quelque fois, and de temps en temps are placed either at the beginning or the end of a sentence. Most other adverbs (time, ending in –ment) will be placed at the beginning or end of a sentence Ex: Yesterday I went to school. Hier, je suis allé à lécole.
Le Comparatif Used to make comparisons: something is more, equal to, or less than something else. With adjectives (dont forget agreement!): Plus/Aussi/Moins + adj + que more…than, as…as, less…than Elle est plus intelligente que moi. She is smarter (more intelligent) than me. Mon frère est aussi énervant que ton frère. My brother is as annoying as your brother. La ville est moins belle que la campagne. The city is less beautiful than the country. With nouns: Plus/Moins/Autant + de + noun + que more…than, as many…as, fewer…than Jai plus de livres que toi. I have more books than you. Il a autant de cours que son ami. He has as many classes as his friend. Il y a moins de profs que des étudiants. There are fewer teachers than students.
Le Superlatif Used to express the most or the least Adjectives (dont forget agreement!) Le/La/Les + Plus/Moins + adj + de Ex: Cest la plus jolie fleur du monde. Thats the prettiest flower in the world. Ex: Jhabite dans la maison la plus intéressante du voisinage. I live in the most interesting house in the neighborhood. *NOTE: Depending on the placement of the adjective (BANGS), the le/la/les + plus/moins will be placed differently in the sentence.
Les Irréguliers du Comparatif et Superlatif Two adjectives, bon and mauvais, when used in the comparative and superlative, are irregular. Ex: Ma mère est meilleure que ta mère. My mom is better than your mom. Ex: Hier, cétait la pire journée de ma vie. Yesterday was the worst day of my life. Dont forget that since these are adjectives, they must agree with the noun they are describing! You can also use the expression moins bon(ne)(s) in place of pire. AdjectiveComparativeSuperlative Bon(ne)(s)Meilleur(e)(s)Le/la/les meilleur(e)(s) Mauvais(e)(s)Pire(s)Le/la/les pire(s)