2 What is CricketCricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular 22-yard-long pitch with a wicket (a set of three wooden stumps) at each end.One team bats, attempting to score as many runs as possible, whilst their opponents field. Each phase of play is called an innings. After either ten batsmen have been dismissed or a fixed number of overs have been completed, the innings ends and the two teams then swap roles.The winning team is the one that scores the most runs, including any extras gained, during their innings
3 RULES AND REGULATIONSTo apply the law and make sure the cricket rules are upheld throughout the game there are two umpires in place during games. Umpires are responsible for making decisions and notifying the scorers of these decisions.Two umpires are in place on the playing field while there is also a third umpire off the field who is in charge of video decisions.This is where the call is too close for the on field umpires and they refer it to the third umpire who reviews slow motion video replays to make a decision.
4 Ways of Scoring RunsThe aim of the batsmen is to score runs. One of the main cricket rules is that for batsmen to score runs they must run to each other’s end of the pitch (from one end to the other). In doing this one run is scored. Cricket rules state they may run maximum four runs runs per shot.Besides running they can also score runs by hitting boundaries. A boundary fetches the batsmen either 4 or 6 runs. A four is scored by hitting the ball past the boundary along the ground while a six is scored by hitting the ball past the boundary on the full (before it hits the ground). Cricket rules also state that once a 4 or 6 has been scored any runs physically ran by the batsman are null & void. They will only obtain the 4 or 6 runs.Other ways runs can be scored according to the cricket rules include no balls, wide balls, byes & leg byes. Cricket rules state that all runs scored by these methods are awarded to the batting team but not the individual batters.
5 Ways of Getting a batsman out Bowled –If the ball is bowled and hits the striking batsman’s wickets the batsman is given out (as long as at least one bail is removed by the ball).Caught – If a batsman hits the ball or touches the ball at all with his bat or hand/glove holding the bat then the batsman can be caught out. This is done by the fielders, wicket keeper or bowler catching the ball on the full (before it bounces).Leg Before Wicket (LBW) – If the ball is bowled and it hits the batsman first without the bat hitting it then an LBW decision is possible. However for the umpire to give this out he must first look at some of the factors stated in the cricket rules. The first thing the umpire need to decide is would the ball have hit the wickets if the batsman was not there. If his answer to this is yes and the ball was not pitched on the leg side of the wicket he can safely give the batsman out.Contd..
6 Stumped – If the wicketkeeper puts down batsman’s wicket while he is out of his crease and not attempting a run (if he is attempting a run it would be a runout).Run Out – A batsman is out if no part of his bat or body is grounded behind the popping crease while the ball is in play and the wicket is fairly put down by the fielding side.Hit Wicket – If a batsman hits his wicket down with his bat or body after the bowler has entered his delivery stride and the ball is in play then he is out. The striking batsman is also out if he hits his wicket down while setting off for his first run.Handled The Ball – Cricket rules allow the batsman to be given out if he willingly handles the ball with the hand without the consent of the opposition.Contd..
7 Timed Out – An incoming batsman must be ready to face a ball or be at the non strikers end with his partner within three minutes of the outgoing batsman being dismissed. If this is not done the incoming batsman can be given out.Hit The Ball Twice – Cricket rules state that if a batsman hits a ball twice other than for the purpose of protecting his wicket or without consent from the opposition he is out.Obstructing The Field – A batsman is out if he willingly obstructs the opposition by word or action
9 CRICKETEQUIPMENTSAll equipment that players require in a game of cricket are strictly regulated by the Laws of Cricket, a set of rules that apply to cricket games across the world. Ball The ball used in cricket is a cork ball covered in leather. Cricket balls are very hard and can cause injuries upon impact with the body, weighing between grams to 163 grams. The two most common colours of cricket balls are red – used in Test cricket and First Class cricket, and white - used in One-day matches. Bat Bats used in cricket are made of flat wood, and connected to a conical handle. They are not allowed to be longer than 96.5 centimeters and have to be less than 10.8 centimeters wide. While there is no standard weight, most bats range between 1.2 kilograms to 1.4 kilograms. Protective Equipment Like many other sports, cricket players are required to wear protective gear in order to ensure their safety during the match. Batsmen and wicket keepers usually wear an abdomen guard. Leg guards are also worn by batsmen and wicket keepers in order to protect the shins, and fielders stationed near the batsmen might also choose to use leg gaurds.
10 Additionally, a helmet (mostly with a visor attached) is worn by batsmen and fielders in order to protect their heads from the incoming ball. Wicket keepers also wear protective eyewear to protect their eyes, as the impact of the ball hitting the wicket can be great, and bails might get dislodged after impact. Batsmen wear special gloves that are different from gloves worn by wicket keepers. These are very thickly padded at the top of all five fingers. The wicket keeper gloves also feature webbed fingers, in order to help the wicket keepers catch the ball.
11 Team StructureA team consists of eleven players. Depending on his or her primary skills, a player may be classified as a specialist batsman or bowler. A well-balanced team usually has five or six specialist batsmen and four or five specialist bowlers. Teams nearly always include a specialist wicket-keeper because of the importance of this fielding position.Each team is headed by a captain who is responsible for making tactical decisions such as determining the batting order, the placement of fielders and the rotation of bowlers.A player who excels in both batting and bowling is known as an all-rounder.
12 It’s not just 11 players who play cricket It’s not just 11 players who play cricket. It incorporate numerous other professionals who are behind the screen but are equally important in making the cricket games run smoothly & enjoyably for the fans.Administrative GroupTeam ManagementCoaching TeamTechnical TeamMedical TeamSupportive Staff
13 Types of MatchesTypes of MatchesTest Match Cricket - Test Match Cricket is the traditional version of the game. Test matches last for maximum five days. Terst matches are often not suitable for casual play. This led to the creation of other cricket types. One Day Cricket - One Day Cricket is also very popular around the world. It’s an exciting version of the game that can be significantly shorter than traditional professional play. The rules are the same; however, teams are limited to only 50 'overs' each.20-Twenty Cricket - 20-Twenty Cricket is a relatively new form of the game. It’s an exciting version that is even shorter than One Day Cricket. The biggest difference, among other minor rule variations, is that teams are restricted to only 20 'overs' each. This shortens the game significantly and can make each play more meaningful. This version of cricket is attracting new audiences throughout the world to the sport.
14 STATISTICS General statistics Batting statistics Number of matches played.Number of catches taken.Number of stumpings.Batting statisticsInnings: The number of innings in which the batsman actually batted.Not outs: The number of times the batsman was not out at the conclusion of an innings he/she batted in.Runs: The number of runs scored.Fours: 4's The Batsmen has scored.Sixes: 6's The Batsmen has scored.Highest score: The highest score ever made by the batsman.Batting average: The total number of runs divided by the total number of innings in which the batsman was out.
15 Centuries (100): The number of innings in which the batsman scored one hundred runs or more. Half-centuries (50): The number of innings in which the batsman scored fifty to ninety-nine runs (centuries do not count as half-centuries as well).Balls faced (BF): The total number of balls received, including no balls but not including wides.Strike rate (SR): The average number of runs scored per 100 balls faced. (SR = [100 * Runs]/BF)Run rate (RR): The average number of runs a batsman (or the batting side) scores in an over of 6 balls.Net run rate (NRR): A method of ranking teams with equal points in limited overs league competitions.
16 Bowling statistics Overs: The number of overs bowled. Balls: The number of balls bowled. Overs is more traditional, but balls is a more useful statistic because the number of balls per over has varied historically.Maiden overs: The number of maiden overs (overs in which the bowler conceded zero runs) bowled.Runs: The number of runs conceded.Wickets: The number of wickets taken.Bowling analysis: A shorthand notation consisting of a bowler's Overs, Maidens, Runs conceded and Wickets taken (in that order), usually for a single innings but sometimes for other periods. For example, an analysis of 10–3–27–2 would indicate that the player bowled ten overs, of which three were maidens, conceded 27 runs and took two wickets.No balls: The number of no balls bowled.Wides: The number of wides bowled.
17 Bowling average (Ave): The average number of runs conceded per wicket Bowling average (Ave): The average number of runs conceded per wicket. (Ave = Runs/W)Strike rate (SR): The average number of balls bowled per wicket taken. (SR = Balls/W)Economy rate (Econ): The average number of runs conceded per over. (Econ = Runs/Overs bowled).Best bowling (BB): The bowler's best bowling performance, defined as firstly the greatest number of wickets, secondly the fewest runs conceded for that number of wickets. (Thus, a performance of 7 for 102 is considered better than one of 6 for 19.)BBI stands for Best Bowling in Innings and only gives the score for one innings. (If only the BB rate is given it's considered the BBI rate.)BBM stands for Best Bowling in Match and gives the combined score over 2 or more innings in one match. (For limited-overs matches with one innings per side, this score is equal to the BBI or BB.)Five wickets in an innings (5w): The number of innings in which the bowler took at least five wickets. Four wickets in an innings (4w), the number of innings in which the bowler took exactly four wickets, is sometimes recorded alongside five wickets, especially in limited overs cricket.Ten wickets in a match (10w): The number of matches in which the bowler took at least ten wickets; recorded for Tests and first-class matches only.