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Headline in Arial Bold 30pt Le nuove frontiere dell HPC Sergio Re Sales & Marketing Manager Silicon Graphics Italia.

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Presentation on theme: "Headline in Arial Bold 30pt Le nuove frontiere dell HPC Sergio Re Sales & Marketing Manager Silicon Graphics Italia."— Presentation transcript:

1 Headline in Arial Bold 30pt Le nuove frontiere dell HPC Sergio Re Sales & Marketing Manager Silicon Graphics Italia

2 SGI oggi Più di 1700 persone Più di fatturato $500m I ns punti di forza tecnici Unanzienda rivolta allinnovazione sistemi Linux HPC più avanzati del mondo unarchitettura scalare unica un sistema di condivione globale della memoria File systems e condivisione dello storage Servizi e consulenza in oltre paesi nel mondo 50 6000+ Clienti attivi 800+ persone che visitano clienti 300+ Ingegneri in R&D

3 Fatturato per segmento di mercato Sciences 36% Engineering Analysis 20% Enterprise Business Management/Media 9% Defense & Intelligence 35%

4 SGI Systems Highly Integrated and Massively Scalable Storage Advanced Graphics High- Performance Computing

5 Joint Development With Partners SGI and Intel collaborage on system design requirements for large scale computing for Itanium and Xeon CPUs SGI maintains a close working relationship with Novell on Linux support for scalability, performance, and support for SGI servers and storage systems. SGI works closely with Red Hat on Linux support with a special emphasis on security and adherence to standards SGI and Oracle are jointly developing, selling and marketing Enterprise solutions for data intensive problems SGI has contributed thousands of lines of code to the Linux Community Including code that supports large scale computing, reliability and stability

6 Signal processing Generiche applicazioni di calcolo Media streaming Database I/O Web server Simulazione Metereologica CPU Memoria Le necessità di calcolo

7 SGI Advanced HPC Platform Large SMP Workflow Midrange SMP/ Cluster Workflow SGI ® Altix ® 4700 SGI ® Altix ® 450 SGI ® Altix ® XE ICE 8200 Intel ® ITANIUM2 basedIntel ® Xeon® based SGI ® f1200 Application Appliance

8 Systems Management & Monitoring Common Workload Management Tools SGI Scalable shared file servers & storage solutions Common Linux OS & Development Tools SGI Workflow Ready Solution Workflow Continuum

9 SGI: Complete HPC Solution on Linux® Compilers: –Intel C++ and Fortran Compilers for Linux –GNU Compiler for C and Fortran 77 Libraries: –SGI Message Passing Toolkit –SGI Scientific Computing Software Library –SGI Flexible File I/O –Intel Math Kernel Library –Intel Integrated Performance Primitives –NAG C, Parallel, Fortran, Fortran SMP, F90 Automated Parallelization Tools: –Parallel Software Products ParaWise Open Source Development Tools: –,, SourceForge®.net SGI Data Management Software –CXFS cluster File System –DMF hierarchical storage management SGI ProPack for Linux And Third Party Tools Debuggers: –Intel Debugger –Etnus® TotalView® –GNU GDB –Allinea Software Distrbuted Debug Tool Performance and Analysis Tools: –Intel VTune Performance Analyzer –Intel Trace Analyzer and Trace Collector –SGI Performance Co-Pilot –SGI pfmon and –SGI Histx Other SGI ProPack Tools –REACT 4.2 (real-time support) –XVM –NUMA tools (cpuset, dlock, dplace) –Embedded Support Partner (ESP) –Graphics support Standard Linux Distributions Novell SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9 and 10 RedHat® Enterprise Linux 4

10 Carlsbad IRU: 128 cores and no cables Redundant, hot swap power and cooling Fully Buffered DIMMS to reduce transient errors Blade design provides rapid serviceability InfiniBand backplane for high signal reliability ICE 8200 Breakthrough Reliability (16) 2-Socket Nodes (2) 4x DDR IB Switch Blades (1) 24-Port IB switch ASIC per blade 10U 24-inch EIA Form Factor (17.50-in H x 22.5-in W x 32-in D) (1) Chassis Management Controller (CMC) (7+1) 1625W 12VDC Output Front-End Power Supplies Front View

11 ICE 8200 Breakthrough Performance Density (16) Carlsbad Blades Up to 512 Cores and 6 TFlops per Rack Each 42U rack (30 W x 40 D) rack has: –(4) IRUs with (16) 2-Socket Carlsbad Nodes each –(128) DP Intel® Xeon® sockets –DDR IB ports on (4) backplanes for torus (48) 4x DDR IB 19 standard rack also supported SGI offers optional chilled water-cooled units for use in large system configurations 39.5kW (high-bin SKUs + (4) FB DIMMs /socket) –31.6kW (assuming 80% system-level derate) Rack weight ~ 2050 Lb (246 Lb/ft2 footprint)

12 SGI Scalable ccNUMA Architecture Basic Node Interconnect Physical Memory CACHECACHE CPU Interface Chip CPU CACHECACHE NUMAlink Interconnect Physical Memory Interface Chip Physical Memory CACHECACHE CPU CACHECACHE

13 Open Systems Scaleable Infrastructure Physical Memory CACHECACHE CPU Interface Chip CPU CACHECACHE Physical Memory CACHECACHE CPU Interface Chip CPU CACHECACHE Physical Memory CACHECACHE CPU Interface Chip CPU CACHECACHE TIO General Purpose I/O General Purpose I/O General Purpose I/O Interfaces TIO GPUs Scalable GPUs TIO FPGA(s) RASC (FPGA) NUMAlink Interconnect Fabric FPGA(s)

14 SGI® Altix® 450 Plug and Solve Blade Form Factor Half-rack or Full-rack 5U IRU Chassis -Chassis-only option -3rd party rack option 2 to 38 Sockets -4 to 76 cores 608 GB SSI Memory -Increasing to 912GB in 1HCY07 Double Slot (I/O) Single Slot NUMALINK Power Sup. Single Slot Single Slot Single Slot NUMALINK Power Sup. 5U Individual Rack Unit Chassis S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S I/O

15 Bringing it Together: Solution Components Scalable servers, clusters, and supercomputers Cost-efficient, reliable Altix XE clusters with leading density, power efficiency Advanced scalability to 512 processors per Altix server and 128TB globally addressable memory per system Complete Linux solution for HPC Interactive parallel computing platform Bridges MATLAB and Altix servers Works with familiar desktop tools, while leveraging an HPC for computationally-intensive tasks Automatic and transparent, no new programming SGI ® Altix ® and Altix ® XE ISC Star-P Images courtesy of Silicon Graphics, Inc; Interactive Supercomputing Inc.

16 How Star-P works Star-P consists of desktop & server software Desktop software – Star-P Client –Overloads or intercepts desktop tool functions –Connects and communicates to/with server software – securely Server software – Star-P Server on SGI ® Altix ® or SGI ® Altix ® XE –Manages and directs resources – memory, cpus and I/O –Contains world class libraries for parallel execution –User & Session management

17 Whats the Value Desktop Users: –No change in religion –Interactivity On parallel machines For large data –No reprogramming No C, Fortran, MPI –Reduced run times Not hours or weeks –Continued model optimization Organization –Collapse development cycles –Reduce costs –Broaden usage –Shorten solution time –Accelerate research

18 Parallel Development Takes Too Long Months or years are spent porting from desktops to parallel systems No interactively on parallel machines from desktop Little ability to iterate Long compute times for batch runs; hours-days Analysts ability to optimize the model is limited

19 Using Star-P– Serial operations Use MATLAB –File Editor –Profiler –Debugger –Array Editor –Desktop –Visualization –Small Calculations Running Star-P does not affect normal MATLAB environment Problems that can be solved on desktop - stay on desktop

20 SGI® RASC Solution: Simplifies Development & Improves Programmer Efficiency Gnu Debugger (GDB) FPGA Aware Simultaneous debugging of both the CPU based app and the FPGA accelerated app RASC Abstraction Layer (RASCAL) SGI provided Enables serial or parallel FPGA scaling RASC API and Core Services Library Provides tools to develop reconfigurable computing elements in a multi-user, multiprocessing environment 3 rd Party HLL Development Tools Mitrionics Mitrion C, Impulse-C and ROCCC Synplicity Synplify Pro and Xilinx Synthesis Technology Supported within RASC environment For advanced incremental and modular design methodologies

21 How Do FPGAs Differ from Traditional CPUs? Directly map computationally- intensive algorithms to hardware with RC100 technology Identify RASC appropriate algorithm Compare Application Run Time %s Export Algorithm to RASC Application Run-Time Comparison RC100 Method Key Algorithm running on FPGA Algorithm Execution Time 01001000010010 01110100101010 11100101010001 10001000110001 01010101010111 00000111100100 00010010111010 0 11 001 00011 1 1 11011110011 0 Traditional Method CPU only Algorithm Execution time Time Savings Job Run Time 01001000010010 01110100101010

22 SGI® RASC RC100 Blade TIO NL4 Loader NL4 PCI SSP Selmap V4LX200 SRAM SSAM SRAM

23 FSI Workload InfiniBand or GigE Fabric SGI ® Scalable NAS (and other shared file servers) Fibre Channel or InfiniBand or GigE Fabric CAPACITY CAPABILITY SGI Altix 450/4700 SMP & super head node SGI Altix 450/4700 SMP & super head node SGI Altix XE 1200/1300 (x86-64) clusters SGI Altix XE 1200/1300 (x86-64) clusters Optimally meet the diverse needs of all workloads or procurement drivers SGI Workflow Ready Solution –Segment Example –Fluid Structure Interaction (FSI) Minimize time-to solution for the largest & most demanding problems Cost-effective Solution & performance leader for most analyses Cost-effective Solution & performance leader for most analyses Any combination of ALTIX servers & XE sharing storage resources SGI Solution: 1.ALTIX XE Modest memory addressability (~2- 4GB+/core) 2.ALTIX 450/4700 Large memory addressability (~4- 8GB/core) Option for B/W blades 3.Storage High Speed SAS (~250GB/core) 4SAS disks per XE node

24 Storage Advanced Graphics

25 4500 Max performance 4Gb FC or IB Enterprise S/W FC RAID / SATA 4000 4Gb Fibre Channel Ultimate Price/Performance FC RAID / SATA SAN NAS Completely integrated Easy to deploy Grows with customers business SGI ® InfiniteStorage Hardware 6700 Multiple high resolution streaming Isochronous Multi-purpose RAID SystemsStreaming Real-time RAID 10000 Ultra-high density Tape complement or replacement One rack – 240 TB 120 Easy to deploy modular scalability Ultra-dense RAID JBOD Low-cost SATA RAID 350 4 Gb connectivity 500GB SATA drives

26 Data Management Software Stack Storage Product Integration XFS DMF CXFS 3 rd Party Disks, Fiber Channel Switches SGI System Altix Servers NFS RDMA accelerated (NAS)

27 InfiniteStorage ® Appliance Manager

28 SGI ® InfiniteStorage, le soluzioni SGI ® InfiniteStorage Data Migration Facility (DMF) migra in maniera trasparente I files dallo Storage On-line a quello definito near-line secondo I critei temporali assegnati Questo porta ad abbassare il TCO Incremetare il ROI e la produttività E più facile da gestire Riduce I rischi di perdita dei dati Protegge gli investimenti iniziali Integra la disponibilità del dato con la sua sicurezza SGI ® InfiniteStorage Shared File System CXFS tutti I file sono condisisi non sono copiati Non si spreca spazio si risparmia tempo si risparmiano soldi File B File D File E File F File G File H File I File A File C

29 Dedicato a: Decision Support Centres, Surveillance/Homeland Security/Crisis, C4I battlefield command and control Vi interessa?... Si chiama Pixelfusion Enviroment

30 FusionInputOutput Media Fusion Process Render to Pipes Local Display Record/ Retrieve Native Render Local Streams InputFusionOutput Fusion Stream to IP Network IP Streams Network


32 Packaging –Consistency –Density & Reliability –Energy Efficiency Interconnect –Reduce Cost –Increase Value Data Management HPC Technology Investment Strategy

33 Government Customers Data & Tests Incumbent 96GB System vs. Altix 960GB Improvement Ingest order-records 5x Ingest person-records 12x Query1 per sec est vs. 91K/sec Join Data1 every min vs. 13K/sec Sub-Query1 every 5mins vs. 2.5K/sec May06 Oracle® TimesTen : In-Memory DB Customer Benchmark Results

34 SGI Altix Servers Support More Memory SGI Altix 4700 supports more memory Fewer cores are required to support the same level of memory Lower TCO: Spend less on processors Spend less on software licenses Source: Ideas International, Inc. – February 2007 Maximum MemoryMemory/Core SGI Altix 4700128 TB128 GB/core IBM p5952 TB32 GB/core HP Superdome2 TB16 GB/core Sun Enterprise 25K 1 TB8 GB/core

35 SGI Altix 4700 Requires Less Floorspace HP SuperDome IBM p595 Sun E25K SGI Altix 4700 WidthDepthArea Altix 470045261170 HP SuperDome60482880 Sun E25K65332145 IBM p59552311612 Dense System Packaging is one of SGIs Core Competencies System Footprint

36 SGI Altix Innovative Power Architecture AC 1.85v 48VDC 3.3v1.2v 12v ~80% Typical Power Architecture Server board Additional boards AC 1.85v3.3v1.2v 12v 90% 85% SGI Power Architecture SGI Altix Server board Additional boards 80% x 80% x 70% = 45% efficiency90% x 92% = 76% efficiency No 48V Conversion High Efficiency Power Converters Proprietary Power Design ~80% ~70% SGI Servers are Twice as Efficient

37 NUMAlink4 (Today) – Custom copper cable – Custom signaling – Custom protocol Interconnect Strategy : Reduce Cost & Increase Capability $450 (5m)$150 (5m) NUMAlink5: hw extension of IFB (09) – COTS Infiniband 12x copper cable – COTS serdes – Custom protocol (higher capability)

38 Picture credit : LRZ Copper : Weight becoming significant

39 SGI NumaLink System Architecture MPU IO APU (FPGA) CPU APU (GPU) Very Large Shared Memory. Globally Addressable. Low Latency. High Bandwidth. Many Ports APU (FPGA) CPU

40 Sergio Re –Tel. 02.36547100 –E-mail SRE@SGI.COMSRE@SGI.COM –WWW.SGI.COM

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