2 WellnessWellness: A philosophy that encourages people to take responsibility for their own physical, emotional, and mental health.Topics for this unitChanging perceptions of beautyRecognizing unhealthy eating patternsAchieving a healthy body weightReducing fat in your dietStrategies for achieving well being
3 Changing Perceptions of Beauty Chapter 17Changing Perceptions of Beauty
4 What is Body Image?Body Image: A persons mental picture, thoughts, and feelings about his or her body.Influences on Body ImageChanges in the body, specifically pubertyCultural definition of beautyParental, peer, and media influencesSelf-confidence, and self-esteem
5 Body Image and Self Concept Self-Concept: The way you feel about yourself. Including your characteristics and your abilitiesSelf-Esteem: Part of your self concept that deals with how you judge yourself, and your self-worth .Self-concept is often mistakenly based on weight and shape but it is much moreSelf concept and body image are ever changing, and evolve as you growHow you perceive your body changes influences how you feel about yourself
6 Positive and Negative Body Image Positive Body Image: When you feel comfortable and satisfied with your body. You have positive thoughts and feel confident about your bodyNegative Body Image: you dislike your body, weight, hair, skin colour, or any particular part of your body.The factors that affect body image are the subject of this chapter
7 Basic Body TypesThe three basic body types are determined mainly by genetics.The basic types are:EctomorphLean Usually thin, tallLittle muscle or fatLong arms and legs, few curvesCan eat a lot and not gain weightEndomorphLarge frameWide hipsHigh percent of body fatTrouble maintaining body weightMesomorphMuscular bodyBroad shouldersLarge bones lead to higher bodyweight
8 Factors That Shape Body Image Adolescence, Puberty, and Body ImageMales grow wider chest and shouldersFemales round out at hips and develop breastsThese new changes can shape how an adolescent sees themselvesMany feel uncomfortable about their bodiesHowever as the grow and mature most people work through these insecurities.Other influencesParents, culture, peers.
9 What is Beautiful? The idea of beauty is subjective. Different people find different things beautifulHowever one main influence on what people perceive as beautiful is society/cultureA culture’s idea of what is beautiful changes over time.People judge beauty in different areasFaceBodyPersonalityInterestsSocial comparisons
10 Factors that Shape Body Image Parents:The first people a person interacts withParents might influence a child's body image through Direct Comments about eating, body, or weight.Indirect influence: a child may be influenced by a parent who is always working out to try to lose weight.Parents also influence children through their eating habits
11 Factors that Shape Body Image Peers:Can be direct or indirectCan be both positive, and negativeFat Talk: Discussions that center around body weight and image.Mass Media:Pictures, flyers, posters, billboards, music videos, and other ads bombard people with images of what they “should” look like.These images can influence body image75% of females on t.v are categorized as underwieght5% are overweight.20% are average body weight.