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Presentation on theme: "THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM."— Presentation transcript:


2 I. Overview of the Endocrine System
Regulates by working with the nervous system to maintain homeostasis. Secretes substances called hormones that target specific cells. Consists of ductless glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream for regulation of the following: Development, temperature, sexual activity, digestion, growth, behavior, stress, metabolism and more.

3 Both the nervous system and the endocrine system cause responses by chemical messengers.

4 II. Seven Functions of Hormones
Regulate body chemistry. Regulate metabolism and energy balance. Regulate control of smooth and cardiac muscle and gland secretion. Maintain homeostasis in cases of infection, trauma, stress and starvation. Regulate some immune activities. Regulate growth and development. Regulate reproduction, production of egg and sperm.

5 III. Classes of Hormones
Steroid Hormones -derived from cholesterol and released into the blood. Soluble in lipids which make up cell membranes. Enter cells and produce effect. Ex. Testosterone, estrogen, aldosterone and cortisol.

6 Steroid hormones

7 B. Non-Steroid Hormones-include amines, peptides, proteins and glycoproteins. Bind to receptors and brings about change. (uses secondary messengers to make the change) Proteins- Ex. Growth hormone, prolactin Peptides-Ex. Oxytocin, antidiuretic hormone Glycoproteins-Ex. Thyroid stimulating hormone, follicle stimulating hormone. Amines Ex. Norepinepherine and epinepherine

8 Non-steroid hormones

9 IV. Control of Endocrine System
Controlled in three ways: The hypothalamus and anterior pituitary The nervous system Changes in the internal environment.

10 Hypothalamus Regulates other glands to tell them when to release their hormones


12 The Endocrine Glands


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