Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 2E Cycles in Nature…... The Cycles of Matter….. The Water Cycle: The movement of water between the oceans, atmosphere, land, and living things."— Presentation transcript:
The Cycles of Matter….. The Water Cycle: The movement of water between the oceans, atmosphere, land, and living things
How Water Moves: Evaporation – liquid to vapor Condensation – vapor to liquid Precipitation – rain, snow, sleet, hail fall to the earth and flows into streams, rivers, lakes
Runoff – when precipitation falls to the ground and flows into streams, rivers, and lakes.
Groundwater – when precipitation seeps into the ground and is stored in spaces between rocks
Water and Life….. Without water there would be no life on earth ! ! ! ! Organisms are made of mostly water Helps transport nutrients and wastes in an organism Helps regulate temperature ALL water is returned to nature
Transpiration – plants release water vapor back to the environment
The Carbon Cycle….. The 2 nd most common molecule in organisms are ORGANIC molecules Contains CARBON
Photosynthesis and Respiration are the basis of the Carbon Cycle. –Plants use carbon dioxide to make sugar –Animals get their carbon and energy by eating plants –This carbon is returned to the environment when organisms burn sugar (respiration) »Carbon dioxide is given off »Water vapor is given off
Decomposition and Combustion – breakdown of substances into simpler molecules Fungus decompose organic matter and carbon dioxide and water are returned back to the environment Fire demonstrates combustion in which carbon dioxide is released back to the environment
The Nitrogen Cycle….. Organisms need nitrogen to build proteins and DNA
Converting Nitrogen Gas….. 78% of atmosphere is nitrogen gas Most organisms can’t use nitrogen directly Bacteria in the ground changes it into a usable form
Passing it on….. When organisms die, decomposition releases a form of nitrogen into the soil that plants can use. Then certain bacteria in the soil convert nitrogen into a gas and it returns to the atmosphere
Ecological Succession….. The gradual development of a community over time.
Primary Succession….. When organisms grow in an areas where they never have and they die there building up “soil” in this area allowing organisms to grow. The first organisms to row there are called pioneer species.
Mature Communities and Biodiversity….. In early stages of succession, only a few species grow. They usually grow quickly and make many seeds All species are vulnerable to disease, disturbances, and competition As the community matures, it is dominated by well adapted climax species
Biodiversity….. The variety of species found in a community The more diversity in a community the better the community will be…WHY ?