Presentation on theme: "3 Unit 1 Section A Never, ever give up!"— Presentation transcript:
1 3 Unit 1 Section A Never, ever give up! FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHING AND RESEARCH PRESSAIR FORCE ENGINEERING UNIVERSITY1
2 Genius is 1% inspiration, 99% perspiration Genius is 1% inspiration, 99% perspiration. Accordingly, a “genius” is often merely atalented person who has done all of his or her homework.—Thomas Edison (American inventor)Do the best you can in every task, no matter how unimportant it may seem at the time.—Sandra Day O’Connor (American jurist)31UNIT1The way to successUNIT2
3 Section A The way to success 3 1 Never, ever give up! UNITSection ANever, ever give up!To talk about the secret of successObjectivesTo further understand the textTo apply the phrases and patternsTo master the essay writing skill
4 Contents Never, ever give up! Warming-up activities Text study Section AWarming-up activitiesText studyLanguage applicationSummary
6 Lead-in Short answer questions 1. What is success? To live your life the way you want to live itTo earn money, power, and fameTo be surrounded by people you admire and respectTo achieve your dreams, desires, hopes, wishes, etc.A successful man is one who can lay a firm foundation with the bricks others have thrown at him.
7 Lead-in Short answer questions 2. What do you think are the secrets of success?A strong will and adequate preparationDetermination and persistenceWell begun is half done.When you want success as badly as you wanted air, you will get it.
8 Listen and talkPre-reading activitiesListen to a talk about steps to make your dreams come true. Fill in the blanks based on what you hear.1 As long as you are committed to your goals and you are ___________ about your dreams, you will __________ accomplish them.2 To accomplish ________ results in your life, you have to be 100 percent committed and you must be willing to ________ your time and effort.passionateeventuallyamazingsacrifice3 What are the three steps that you should follow to achieve success?1) _________________2) ________________3) ________________Map your goals outBelieve in yourselfTake action
9 1. Why do most people fail to achieve success in the end? Listen and talkPre-reading activities1. Why do most people fail to achieve success in the end?2. Can you think of any other helpful steps that canbe taken to make your dream come true?Listen to the talk again and discuss the following questions.
10 1. Why do most people fail to achieve success in the end? Listen and talkPre-reading activities1. Why do most people fail to achieve success inthe end?Not have the passion;Not clear about what they want;Not know the exact destination that they want to reach;Not focus on what they want.
11 2. Can you think of any other helpful steps that can Listen and talkPre-reading activities2. Can you think of any other helpful steps that canbe taken to make your dream come true?First, to learn to adopt suitable strategies;Second, to realize the significance of learning;Finally, to create or find opportunities rather than wait for opportunities to find us.
12 Compound dictationPre-reading activitiesListen to a short passage on success and fill in the missing information.We cannot travel every path. Success must be won along one line. We must make our business the one life purpose to which every other must be ___________. I hate a thing done by halves. If it be right, do it boldly. If it be wrong, leave it undone. The men of history were not perpetually looking into the mirror to make sure of their own size. _________ in their work they did it.subordinateAbsorbedTo be continued
13 Compound dictationPre-reading activitiesListen to a short passage on success and fill in the missing information.They did it so well that the wondering world sees them to be great, and ________ them accordingly. To live with a high ideal is a successful life. It is not what one does, but what one tries to do, that makes a man strong. “Eternal vigilance,” it has been said, “is the price of ________.” With equal truth it may be said, “Unceasing effort is the price of success.”labeledlibertyTo be continued
14 dependent indispensable Compound dictationPre-reading activitiesListen to a short passage on success and fill in the missing information.If we do not work with our might, others will; and they will outstrip us in the race, and pluck the prize from our grasp. Success grows less and less ___________ on luck and chance. Self-distrust is the cause of most of our failures. The great and _____________ help to success is character. Character is a crystallized habit, the result of training and conviction.dependentindispensableTo be continued
15 architect irresponsible Compound dictationPre-reading activitiesListen to a short passage on success and fill in the missing information.Every character is influenced by heredity, environment and education. But these apart, if every man were not to be a great extent the _________ of his own character, he would be a fatalist, and ____________ creature of circumstances. Instead of saying that man is a creature of circumstance, it would be nearer the mark to say that man is the architect of circumstance.architectirresponsibleTo be continued
16 Compound dictationPre-reading activitiesListen to a short passage on success and fill in the missing information.From the same materials one man builds ________, another hovel. Bricks and mortar are mortar and bricks, until the architect can make them something else. The true way to gain much is never to ______ to gain too much. Wise men don’t care for what they can’t have.palacesdesire
17 1. What do you know about public schools in the UK? Cultural backgroundPublic schools in the UK & USQuestions Previewing1. What do you know about public schools in the UK?2. What do you know about public schools in the US?Tips
18 What do you know about public schools in the UK? Cultural backgroundPublic schools in the UK & USWhat do you know about public schools in the UK?Eton, Harrow, Winchester, etc.;Independent of the state system;Educate secondary-level students for a fee;Evolved from an institution of the late European Middle Ages or Renaissance;Curriculum placed heavy emphasis on the Greek and Roman classics.
19 2. What do you know about public schools in the US? Cultural backgroundPublic schools in the UK & US2. What do you know about public schools in the US?Elementary or secondary schools mandated for all children by the government;Paid, in part or in whole, by public funding from taxation;Institutions of post-secondary education overseen by government.
20 Never, ever give up! Text study Main idea & structure Language focus Section AMain idea & structureLanguage focusCritical thinkingText study
21 Main ideas of the parts Para. 1 Main idea & structurePara. 1As a young boy, Winston Churchill attended a public school called _______. Though not a good student, he did finish at Harrow and went on to the university. He eventually had a premier army career and was elected prime minister. His amazing _____________ helped motivated his entire nation and was an __________ worldwide.Harrowdeterminationinspiration
22 Main ideas of the partsMain idea & structureWhat did Churchill say when he was invited to address the patriotic young boys at his old school, Harrow? (Para.2)TipsYoung men, never give up. Never give up! Never give up! Never, never, never, never!22
23 Main ideas of the parts Part I — Paras. 1 – __ 2 Main idea & structurePart I — Paras. 1 – __2By using Winston Churchill’s story and his speech at Harrow as an introduction to the topic, the text makes clear its statement: the secret of success is “____________”.Never give up
24 Main ideas of the partsMain idea & structureWhat can the examples of Einstein, Edison and Abraham Lincoln illustrate? (Paras.3-4)TipsPersonal history, educational opportunity, individual dilemmas – none of these can inhibit a strong spirit committed to success.24
25 What can the example of Sandra Day O’Connor illustrate? (Paras. 5-6) Main ideas of the partsMain idea & structureWhat can the example of Sandra Day O’Connor illustrate? (Paras. 5-6)TipsKeep their eyes on the prize;Uphold a committed and focused will and spirit;Have the will to overcome profound obstacles and to work diligently.25
26 Main ideas of the parts Para. 7 Main idea & structurePara. 7The secret of success is based upon a burning _____________ – a robust, fierce will and focus – that fuels the _____________ to act, to keep preparing, to keep going even when we are tired and fail. It’s not how many times you fall down that matters. It’s how many times you ___________ that makes success!inward desiredeterminationget back up26
27 _______________ to keep going, will finally succeed. strong will Main ideas of the partsMain idea & structurePart II — Paras. 3 – 7Through the examples of world famous scientists, statesman, and jurist, the text brings forward the statement that only those with a __________, those who “keep their eyes on the prize”, and those who _________________________ to keep going, will finally succeed.strong willexpend thesubstantial effort
28 What is the conclusion of the text? (Para. 8) Main ideas of the partsMain idea & structureWhat is the conclusion of the text? (Para. 8)TipsWhere there’s a will, there’s a way;Hard work, determination dedication and preparation;Transcend handicap;Accomplish any feat and achieve success.28
29 Main ideas of the parts Part III — Para. 8 Main idea & structurePart III — Para. 8By reinforcing the statement given in part II, the text draws the conclusion that with hard work, _____________, dedication and preparation, you can _________ any handicap, accomplish any feat, and ______________.determinationtranscendachieve success
30 Introduction Structure of the text Main idea & structure Churchill managed to be a successful man althoughhe was not a good student when he was young. (Para. 1)“Never give up” is the speech given by Churchill toyoung boys in his old school. (Para. 2)
31 Introduction Illustration Structure of the text The examples of Main idea & structureIntroductionIllustrationThe examples ofEinstein, Edison, andLincoln can wellillustrate thatnothing can inhibit astrong spiritcommitted tosuccess. (Paras. 3-4)The example ofSandra DayO’Connor showsthat only those who“keep their eyes onthe prize” will findtheir endeavorssuccessful.(Paras. 5-6)Without substantialeffort, only sayingthat they wantsomething will notbring success topeople. (Para. 7)
32 Introduction Illustration Conclusion Structure of the text Main idea & structureIntroductionIllustrationConclusionWith hard work, determination, dedication and preparation, you can transcend any handicap, accomplish any feat, and achieve success. (Para. 8)
33 Introduction Illustration Conclusion Structure of the text Main idea & structureIntroductionIllustrationConclusion
34 Never, never, never, never Summary of the textMain idea & structureNever, ever give up!When invited to address the patriotic young boys at his old school, Harrow, Britain’s great Prime Minister, Sir Winston Churchill gave this short, clear-cut speech: “Young men, ___________. Never give up! Never give up! _____________________!”never give upNever, never, never, neverTo be continued
35 educational opportunity Summary of the textMain idea & structurePersonal history, ___________________, individual dilemmas – none of these can _____ a strong spirit committed to success. Take Albert Einstein, Thomas Edison and Abraham Lincoln as an example. Despite the immense obstacles and extreme criticism, their strong will, ________, dedication and determination enabled them to ___________ the overwhelming failures and profound difficulties in their lives.educational opportunityinhibitoptimismtriumph overTo be continued
36 committed and focused will Summary of the textMain idea & structureMany artists, statesmen, writers and inventors achieved prosperity because they possessed a ______________________ to keep preparing and working and a passion to succeed.Many people simply say that they want something, but they do not _________________________ required to achieve it. Many people let the threat of failure stop them from trying with all of their heart.committed and focused willexpend thesubstantial effortTo be continued
37 ________, ____________________, and achieve success! fuels Summary of the textMain idea & structureThe secret of success is based upon a burning inward desire that _____ the determination to act, to keep preparing, to keep going even when ________________. Focus on becoming more knowledgeable. Focus on _________________________. Maintain the strong will to keep going. With hard work, determination, dedication and preparation, you can _____________________, ____________________, and achieve success!fuelswe are tired and failgradual, consistent progresstranscend any handicapaccomplish any feat
38 Practical Phrases Specific Meanings Language focusPractical phrasesPractical PhrasesSpecific Meanings1. deviate from …偏离，背离……2. preclude sb. from doing …阻止某人做……3. triumph over …战胜……4. in (the) pursuit of …追求……5. work one’s wayto/through/into…通过奋斗逐步达到6. give up on …放弃……7. focus on …专注于……
39 Practical phrases 短语应用 意群提示 偏离，背离…… 短语逆译 deviate from … Language focusPractical phrases偏离，背离……短语逆译deviate from …短语应用有人生目标的人是永远不会偏离正确航向的。意群提示(life compass/correct course)Those who have a life compass in their mind will never deviate from the correct course.
40 Practical phrases 短语应用 意群提示 preclude sb. from doing … 阻止某人做…… 短语逆译 Language focusPractical phrasespreclude sb. from doing …阻止某人做……短语逆译短语应用有志者事竟成。意群提示(willing heart / to achieve success)Nothing can preclude a willing heart from achieving success.
41 Practical phrases 短语应用 意群提示 战胜…… 短语逆译 triumph over … Language focusPractical phrases战胜……短语逆译triumph over …短语应用中国人民只要万众一心，必将战胜任何困难，从而立足于世界之巅。意群提示(to work with one heart and one mind/to stand on top of the world)As long as the Chinese people work with one heart and one mind, they will triumph over any difficulties and stand on top of the world.
42 Practical phrases 短语应用 意群提示 追求…… in (the) pursuit of … 短语逆译 Language focusPractical phrases追求……短语逆译in (the) pursuit of …短语应用一个国家在追求经济发展的同时，应当对环境保护给予足够重视。意群提示(to give due emphasis to)While in pursuit of economic growth, a nation should give due emphasis to the protection of the environment.
43 Practical phrases 短语应用 意群提示 work one’s way to/through/into … 通过奋斗逐步达到 Language focusPractical phraseswork one’s way to/through/into …通过奋斗逐步达到短语逆译短语应用通过激烈的竞争进入大学的同学们应当将大学教育作为人生奋斗的新起点而非终点。意群提示( to take … as / life endeavor )Students who have fiercely worked their way into universities should take college education as a new starting point rather than the finishing line of their life endeavor.
44 Practical phrases 短语应用 意群提示 give up on … 放弃…… 短语逆译 Language focusPractical phrasesgive up on …放弃……短语逆译短语应用在地震过后的搜救工作中，解放军战士不放弃任何生命迹象。意群提示(search and rescue work/life signs)In the search and rescue work after the earthquake, the PLA soldiers didn’t give up on any life signs.
45 Practical phrases 短语应用 意群提示 专注于…… 短语逆译 focus on … Language focusPractical phrases专注于……短语逆译focus on …短语应用大学生应将主要精力专注于学习而不是各种令其分心的事物。意群提示(various distractions)College students should focus most of their energy on studies rather than on various distractions.
46 Functional patterns Functional Patterns Functions & Usages Language focusFunctional patternsFunctional PatternsFunctions & Usages1. A, B, C – none of these be/do…用于表达“对已知条件的否定”。2. Sb. do sth., not because …, butbecause …用于表达“某人做某事的原因”。3. It’s not … that matters. It’s …that be/do…用于表达“对某事物最为重要的因素是……”。46
47 原句译文 逆译练习 Functional patterns Language focusFunctional patterns原句译文个人经历、教育机会、个人困境，这些都不能阻挡一个全力以赴追求成功的、有着坚强意志的人。逆译练习Personal history, educational opportunity, individual dilemmas— none of these can inhibit a strong spirit committed to success.句型提炼47
48 句型提炼 应用提示 Functional patterns A, B, C — none of these be/do… Language focusFunctional patterns句型提炼A, B, C — none of these be/do…应用提示用于表达“对已知条件的否定”。句型应用48
49 Functional patterns 典型例句 意群提示 金钱、名誉、社会地位，这些都不应作为判断一个人是否成功的唯一标准。 Language focusFunctional patterns典型例句金钱、名誉、社会地位，这些都不应作为判断一个人是否成功的唯一标准。意群提示( to be regarded as/standard for )Money, fame, social status — none of these should be regarded as the only standard for the judgment of one’s success.
50 原句译文 逆译练习 Functional patterns 他们取得了成功，并不是因为成功很容易，而是因为他们拥有克服重重障碍的 Language focusFunctional patterns原句译文他们取得了成功，并不是因为成功很容易，而是因为他们拥有克服重重障碍的意志，为了追求目标而勤奋努力。逆译练习They attained success, not because it was easy, but because they had the will to overcome profound obstacles and to work diligently in the pursuit of their goals.句型提炼50
51 句型提炼 应用提示 Functional patterns Language focusFunctional patterns句型提炼Sb. do sth., not because …, but because …应用提示用于表达“某人做某事的原因”。句型应用51
52 Functional patterns 典型例句 意群提示 我选择厚道，不是因为我笨拙，而是因为我深信，厚德能载物。 Language focusFunctional patterns典型例句我选择厚道，不是因为我笨拙，而是因为我深信，厚德能载物。意群提示(honest and kind/ great virtue/hold the world)I choose to be honest and kind, not because I am stupid, but because I firmly believe that great virtue holds the world.
53 原句译文 逆译练习 Functional patterns 你摔倒了多少次并不要紧；你能多少次重新站起来对成功才至关重要！ Language focusFunctional patterns原句译文你摔倒了多少次并不要紧；你能多少次重新站起来对成功才至关重要！逆译练习It’s not how many times you fall down that matters. It’s how many times you get back up that makes success!”句型提炼53
54 句型提炼 应用提示 Functional patterns Language focusFunctional patterns句型提炼It’s not … that matters. It’s … that be/do…应用提示用于表达“对某事物最为重要的因素……”。句型应用54
55 Functional patterns 典型例句 意群提示 要获得成功，你现在的位置不重要，重要的是你前进的方向。 Language focusFunctional patterns典型例句要获得成功，你现在的位置不重要，重要的是你前进的方向。意群提示(current position/to head for)It’s not where your current position is that matters. It’s where you are heading for that leads you to success.
56 Language appreciation Language focusLanguage appreciation年轻人，要永不放弃。永不放弃！永不放弃！永不，永不，永不，永不！a. Young men, never give up. Never give up! Never give up! Never, never, never, never! (Para.2, L6)
57 Language appreciation Language focusLanguage appreciation任务再苦，准备再长，难度再大，都不能放弃自己的追求。b. No task is too hard. No amount of preparation is too long or too difficult. (Para.3, L2)
58 Language appreciation Language focusLanguage appreciation然而，坚强的意志鞭策着他，推动他前进，使他更加乐观、投入、坚毅。c. Yet his strong will was the spur that pushed him forward, strengthening his optimism, dedication and determination. (Para.4, L6)
59 Language appreciation Language focusLanguage appreciation只有那些“执着地追求成功”的人，那些保持始终如一的精神意志的人，才会通过自身的努力，获得成功。d. Only those who “keep their eyes on the prize”, those who uphold a committed and focused will and spirit, will find their endeavors successful. (Para.5, L1)
60 Language appreciation Language focusLanguage appreciation你摔倒了多少次并不要紧；你能多少次重新站起来对成功才至关重要！e. It’s not how many times you fall down that matters. It’s how many times you get back up that makes success! (Para.7, L5)
61 Language appreciation Language focusLanguage appreciation只要刻苦努力，意志坚决，专心投入，准备充分，你就能跨越一切障碍，达成所有壮举，取得成功！f.With hard work, determination, dedication and preparation, you can transcend any handicap, accomplish any feat, and achieve success! (Para.8, L4)
62 Do you agree that there are times when it’s simply better to give up? Critical thinkingTheme explorationHow do you understand the remark “It’s not how many times you fall down that matters. It’s how many times you get back up that makes success!”?Do you agree that there are times when it’s simply better to give up?How can we avoid wasting time and energy in achieving success?Tips
63 Critical thinkingTheme explorationHow do you understand the remark “It’s not how many times you fall down that matters. It’s how many times you get back up that makes success!”?You may have tried and failed many times before you finally get success. But it does not matter. What matters is whether you can summon up (鼓起) all your courage again and again to face the hardships standing in the way of success.
64 Critical thinkingTheme exploration2. Do you agree that there are times when it’s simply better to give up?When I have realized that I am pursuingsomething that is hard to achieve, I would tryto stick to the goal. But I will begin to thinkof what I can do to improve the situation.When it still doesn’t work, I would try toanalyze what the problem is and then makesome changes and probably reset my goal.To be continued
65 Critical thinkingTheme exploration2. Do you agree that there are times when it’s simply better to give up?Yes, sometimes we are pursuing the wronggoal which can never be achieved, only to findourselves in deep frustration and profoundfatigue. In this situation, I may give up thewrong goal and set up another goal that isachievable.
66 3. How can we avoid wasting time and energy in achieving success? Critical thinkingTheme exploration3. How can we avoid wasting time and energy in achieving success?• Following the guidance of senior people.• Getting sound advice from our parents.• Setting a correct goal.• Achieving success step by step.• Developing good interpersonal relationships.
67 Critical thinkingCulture explorationWhen talking about success, do you think there are any differences between the Chinese and the westerners?Chinese believe that personal relationship is the most important factor to one’s success.Chinese tend to equate power, fame and money to success.Westerners believe that self-independence is a key to success.Westerners tend to regard success as the realization of one’s self-value.
68 What do you think is the key to success? Critical thinkingWhat do you think is the key to success?Watch a video clip and discuss the question:TipsVideo Watching
70 What do you think is the key to success? Critical thinkingWhat do you think is the key to success?I agree with what the speaker holds in the video clip, it is grit (坚韧不拔的意志). Grit is passion and perseverance for very long-term goals. It is a significant predictor of success. we need to possess a committed and focused will as well as grit to keep preparing and working towards the goal. With hard work, determination, dedication and preparation, we can transcend any handicap, accomplish any feat, and achieve success!
71 Never, ever give up! Language application Writing devices Oral reproductionParagraph translationNever, ever give up!Section A
72 Develop an example essay Writing devicesEssay writingDevelop an example essayIn an example essay, you support your point by illustrating it with examples. If, for instance, you make a statement and someone says to you, “Prove it”, what do you do? Most likely, you will provide an example or two to support your claim. Indeed, it is hard to write a good essay of any kind without using at least some examples. Good examples help to clarify your thought by making the general specific, and the abstract concrete. They also add interest and help to persuade or convince your readers.to be continued
73 Guidelines for a successful example essay Writing devicesEssay writingGuidelines for a successful example essay1. A wise selection of sufficient examples which are specific and typical, interesting and relevant. The examples may consist of either personal experiences or second-hand information from reliable sources.2. An expert arrangement of these examples. Similar or related examples should be grouped together and arranged according to the order of time, space, or importance.
74 Writing devicesEssay writingTake a look at Paragraphs 3 & 4 of Text A to see how examples are used to support the point:
75 Essay writing Writing devices Topic sentence: Personal history, educational opportunity, individual dilemmas – none of these can inhibit a strong spirit committed to success.(Para. 3)Further illustration: No task is too hard. No amount of preparation is too long or too difficult (Para. 3)Examples: Take the example of two of the most scholarly scientists of our age, Albert Einstein and Thomas Edison (Para. 3)Another more detailed example: Consider also the heroic example of Abraham Lincoln, who faced substantial hardships, failures and repeated misfortunes in his lifetime (Para. 4)
76 Writing devicesEssay writingRead the sample essay and see how the examples are developed and organized.
77 Thesis statement: Even though it is not easy Writing devicesEssay writingTopic:Biological clocksIntroduction:Thesis statement: Even though it is not easyto explain why, scientists believe living thingsmust have built-in biological clocks that can be reset.to be continued
78 Writing devicesEssay writingBody:1 Topic sentence: To start with, various 24-hour rhythms observed in people’s biological clocks can be adjusted.Example: A traveler flying from New York to London can adjust his normal rhythms to London time.to be continued
79 Writing devicesEssay writingBody:2 Topic sentence: The same kind of resetting also takes place in the biological clocks of animals and plants.Example 1: The clock of an animal or plant can be set to the laboratory-produced hours of light and dark.Example 2: Mussels can adjust to the tides of the new beach after being moved from the old one.to be continued
80 Writing devicesEssay writingConclusion:Biological clocks, in a way, serve as automatic internal “watches” for all living things.to be continued
81 Writing devicesEssay writingSample:Have you ever heard about “biological clock”, a popular term for an internal regulator responsible for various time-based responses in living things? Many scientists think all living things are able to act on a regular timetable. Even though it is not easy to explain why, scientists believe living things must have built-in biological clocks that can be reset.to be continued
82 Writing devicesEssay writingSample:To start with, various 24-hour rhythms observed in people’s biological clocks can be adjusted. The most obvious is the alternation of wakefulness with sleep. Disruption of the human built-in rhythms can temporarily upset the body. When a passenger flies across many time zones in a few hours, the discomfort, called “jet lag”, results. Let’s look at the example of a traveler flying from New York to London. In New York, his normal 24-hour rhythm of sleep and all his other important body activities are set to the eastern time of the United States.to be continued
83 Writing devicesEssay writingSample:However, when he gets to London, the day begins five hours earlier. The New Yorker’s rhythms are now out of step with London by about the same amount of time. In other words, his clock is still working for New York rather than London. However, within a few days his body rhythm will gradually shift into step with the time in England.to be continued
84 Writing devicesEssay writingSample:The same kind of resetting also takes place in the biological clocks of animals and plants. When abiological clock is reset, activities can start and stop at any hour of the day. This may be shown in a simple experiment where an animal or plant is placed in a laboratory, shut off from outside natural light influences. Light is turned on during the daylight hours of some part of the world and turned off during the night hours. After a few such 24-hour days, the clock of the animal or plant will be set to the laboratory-produced hours of light and dark.to be continued
85 Writing devicesEssay writingSample:The same is true of mussels ( 贻贝) that are moved to a new beach. The tides rise and fall about six hours later than they do at the home beach. For a few days, the mussels open at the wrong time but always with the same amount of time between these openings. Finally, they will adjust to the rhythm of the new beach.to be continued
86 Writing devicesEssay writingSample:Thus, biological clocks, in a way, serve as automatic internal “watches” for all living things. But how the built-in biological clocks work remains a myth for humans. One can expect that in the near future there will be an even greater understanding of biologicalclocks.
87 Writing practice Essay writing Writing devicesEssay writingWriting practiceDirections: Write an essay of no less than 2000 words on one of the following topics. One topic has an outline you can follow.
88 Topic: My troublesome apartment Writing devicesEssay writingTopic: My troublesome apartmentIntroduction: Thesis statement: My apartment has given menothing but headaches.Body:Example 1: My landlord has been uncooperative.Example 2: I also have problems with the janitor (大楼管理员).Example 3: The worst trouble is with the neighbors who live above.Conclusion: My apartment is surrounded by all these troubles,which make me think about moving out.
89 • Over-dependence on computers • Colorful college life Writing devicesEssay writingMore topics:• Over-dependence on computers• Colorful college life
90 Make a speech on the following topic. Oral reproductionSpeech makingMake a speech on the following topic.Suppose you are to give a speech on how to achieve success.
91 You can follow the outline given below. Oral reproductionSpeech makingYou can follow the outline given below.Part I. Opening part of the speechYour definition of success:Realization of one’s self-value, hopes andideals vs. holding power, money, highsocial status, and living luxurious life.To be continued
92 You can follow the outline given below. Oral reproductionSpeech makingYou can follow the outline given below.Part II. Illustration (How to achieve success)1. A strong will committed to success (examples);2. An achievable goal (examples);3. Focused hard work and persistence (examples);Part III. ConclusionWith hard work, determination, dedication and preparation, you can transcend any handicap, accomplish any feat, and achieve success.To be continued
93 You may adopt the following expressions. Oral reproductionSpeech makingYou may adopt the following expressions.in pursuit of …;to fulfill one’s dreams/hopes/ideals, etc.;to make great contribution to …;never give up;to uphold a committed and focused will and spirit;a burning inward desire that fuels the determination to act, to keep preparing, and to keep going.
94 Paragraph translation Translate a paragraph based on a summary of the text by using the expressions from the text.
95 Paragraph translation 很多人只是嘴上说他们想要什么东西，但并不真正地付出大量努力去实现。很多人因为害怕失败而不敢全心尝试。而成功的秘诀在于内心燃烧的欲望，从而激发行动的决心，即使疲惫，即使失败，也会继续准备，继续前进。expend great efforttrying with all their heartburning inward desirefuels the determinationTo be continued
96 Paragraph translation focus on专注于汲取更多的知识，争取持之以恒地渐进，保持永不言退的坚强意志。只要刻苦努力，意志坚决，专心投入，准备充分，你就能跨越一切障碍，达成所有壮举，取得成功！gradual, consistent progresstranscend any handicapaccomplish any featSamples
97 Paragraph translation Many people simply say that they want something, but they do not expend the substantial effort required to achieve it. Many people let the threat of failure stop them from trying with all of their heart. The secret of success is based upon a burning inward desire that fuels the determination to act, to keep preparing, to keep going even when we are tired and fail. Focus on becoming more knowledgeable. Focus on gradual, consistent progress. Maintain the strong will to keep going. With hard work, determination, dedication and preparation, you can transcend any handicap, accomplish any feat, and achieve success!
98 the useful expressions the functional patterns Thematic studySummaryRevision ofthe useful expressionsthe functional patternsNever, ever give up!Section A
99 the useful expressions Revision ofthe useful expressionsLanguage points—Useful expressions1 偏离，背离……2 阻止某人做……3 战胜……4 追求……5 通过奋斗逐步达到6 放弃……7 专注于……8 移开；从……开除9 认定……失败10 充当；起作用deviate from …preclude sb. from doing …triumph over ...in the pursuit of …work one’s way to/through/into …give up on …focus on …remove … from …write … offact as
100 the useful expressions Revision ofthe useful expressionsLanguage points—Useful expressions11 不足；不够好12 为……而鞭笞……13 赞颂……为/是……14 付出努力去做……15 内心燃烧的欲望16 执着于……17 跨越一切障碍18 达成所有壮举19 因……而成名20 言简意赅的讲话fall downwhip … for …commend … as …expend effort to do …burning inward desirekeep one’s eyes on …transcend any handicapaccomplish any featachieve fame for …short, clear-cut speech
101 the functional patterns Revision ofthe functional patternsLanguage points—Useful patternsFunctions & UsagesSentence Patterns1. 用于表达“对已知条件的否定”。2. 用于表达“某人做某事的原因”。3用于表达“对某事物最为重要的因素是……”。A, B, C – none of these be/do…Sb. do sth., not because …, but because …上面挤，下面空It’s not … that matters. It’s … that be/do…