Presentation on theme: "THE ROLE OF WHO, UNICEF AND NEPAD IN NURSING UNICEF WHO."— Presentation transcript:
THE ROLE OF WHO, UNICEF AND NEPAD IN NURSING UNICEF WHO
OBJECTIVES WHAT DOES WHO, UNICEF AND NEPAD STAND FOR BRIFE HISTORY OF WHO, UNICEF AND NEPAD THE ROLES THEY PLAY IN NURSING AND IN HEALTH CARE PROMOTION
WHO (WORD HEALTH ORGANIZATION) WHO definition of nursing states that, “Nursing encompasses autonomous and collaborative care of individuals of all ages, families, groups and communities, sick or well and in all settings. It includes the promotion of health, the prevention of illness, and the care of ill, disabled and dying people” A specialized agency of the United Nations concerned with international public health. Established on the 7 th April, 1948 and has its head quarters in Geneva, Switzerland. Its constitution was signed by all 69 member states. Its current priorities include, communicable diseases, in particular HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis; the control of the effect of non communicable diseases; sexual and reproductive health; development and aging; nutrition, food security and healthy eating; occupational health; substance abuse; and drive the development of reporting publications and networking.
ROLE OF WHO IN NURSING The enhancement of nurses and midwives capacity to contribute to the prevention, treatment and management of diseases through education and research The involvement of nurses and midwives in policy making. Forging strong, interdisciplinary health teams to address health and health system priorities Synergistic partnerships have been created to provide grants and address faculty needs. provision of people-centered health care policy development affecting their practice and working conditions the scaling up of national health systems to meet global goals and targets
CHALLENGES Acknowledging both human and funding resource constraints, the Director-General of WHO, Margaret Chan, urged countries to focus, not on how to cut health-care spending, but on how to improve health service efficiency, to achieve better use of resources worldwide. The worldwide shortage of well trained, properly educated health workers, including nurses and midwives, remains a core challenge to achieving universal health coverage. It is estimated that over 2 million more doctors, nurses and midwives are required to address the shortage and to strengthen health systems. Furthermore, conflict and disaster/crisis situations can stretch health services and workforce systems beyond the limits of their capacities and resources. 2011–2015 SDNM vision statement: …IMPROVED HEALTH OUTCOMES FOR INDIVIDUALS, FAMILIES AND COMMUNITIES THROUGH THE PROVISION OF COMPETENT, CULTURALLY SENSITIVE, EVIDENCE-BASED NURSING AND MIDWIFERY SERVICES. Greater
NEPAD (NEW PARTNASHIP FOR AFRICA’S DEVELOPMENT) An economic development program of the African Union. Was adopted in July 2001 in Lusaka, Zambia
ROLE OF NEPAD IN HEALTH CARE Improving healthcare systems in Africa and reducing the burden of HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria. This includes providing member states with strategic guidance, capacity building opportunities and promoting an African agenda for health Increasing the number of trained and motivated health workers in Africa. NEPAD works with global and regional partners to promote health education to improve the base of skilled professionals in this sector. Ensuring that affordable, essential medicines are available to all Africans. The focus here is to build regional partnerships to improve the regulation of medicines and improve access to and the quality of medicines The training of nurses and midwives. The promotes human resource development in the area of nursing and midwifery
UNICEF (UNITED NATIONS CHILDRENS FUND) It is a United Nations Program headquartered in New York City that provides long-term humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers in developing countries. Created on 11 December,1946. To provide emergency food and healthcare to children in countries that had been devastated by World War II. In 1953, UNICEF became a permanent part of the United Nations System and its name was shortened from the original United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund but it has continued to be known by the popular acronym based on this previous title. UNICEF's programs emphasize developing community-level services to promote the health and well-being of children. UNICEF was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1965.
Increasing child survival rate in developing world Provision of adequate nutrition and safe drinking water to children Immunization of infants from various diseases Protecting and advocating the right of children ROLE OF UNICEF IN HEALTH CARE