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Chapter 16 Section 2. The Role of the Police  Criminal Justice System: the three part system consisting of the police, courts, and corrections that is.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 16 Section 2. The Role of the Police  Criminal Justice System: the three part system consisting of the police, courts, and corrections that is."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 16 Section 2

2 The Role of the Police  Criminal Justice System: the three part system consisting of the police, courts, and corrections that is used to keep the peace and bring criminals to justice. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedi a/commons/6/69/Police_officer_in_ri ot_gear.jpg

3 The Police  Police Duties:  Protecting life and property  Preventing crime  Arresting people who violate the law  Protect the rights of individuals  Maintaining peace and order  Controlling traffic http://www.gizmowatch.co m/images/crime_scene_m gmt1_2405.gif

4 Police Arrests  Must have probable cause to arrest someone  The officer must have witnessed the crime or must have gathered enough evidence to make an arrest.  If no one saw the suspect commit the crime, and arrest warrant may be necessary.  An authorization by the court to make the arrest.  According to the Bill of Rights, all arrested suspects are entitled to due process.

5 Police Arrests  Police must inform suspects of their Miranda rights before questioning them.  If a suspect is not given this information any statement he/she makes cannot be used as evidence in court.  After arrest suspect taken to the police station for booking. http://www.lakelandgov.net/library/olds peccoll/sanlake/p0039.jpg

6 The Courts: From Arrest to Sentencing  Preliminary Hearing  Held soon after the accuser's arrest  Judge decides if there is enough evidence to send the case to trial.  If not judge dismisses, or drops the charges  If charges are not dropped then judge decides whether to set bail  Money post as a guarantee that he/she will return for trial.

7  Defendant: person the charges are against  Bail related to the seriousness of the crime  If the defendant poses a threat to run then the judge can deny bail and hold them in custudy

8 Grand Jury and Indictment  If a grand jury finds probable cause then the defendant is formally charged. http://www.paulfinkmotorsports.com/images/The%20Jury%20Is%20In.jpg

9 Arraignment  After the Defendant is charged, they go before a judge for arraignment  When the defendant enters a plea of guilty or not guilty to the charge  If the defendant pleads guilty no trial is necessary

10 Trial  If the defendant pleads not guilty to the charge, the case goes to trial.  Defense represents the defendant  Prosecution represents government’s side of the case.  The defense and the prosecution lawyers choose the jurors for the trial from a large group of people.  Each can question prospective jurors.  Each can reject people they believe might be prejudice against his/her side of the case

11 Trial  The court may issue subpoenas  A written command from the court to a person to appear.  It is used to compel the testimony of witnesses in a trial or other proceedings  Each side presents its case by calling witnesses and offering evidence.  5 th amendment: no criminal defendant can be forced to testify against himself/herself.

12 Trial  After both sides present evidence, each lawyer makes a closing statement that summarizes his/her argument  Judge then tells the jurors what they can and cannot consider under the law in reaching their verdict.  Jury leaves the courtroom to deliberate, or discuss the case.

13 Trial  Defendants are always presumed to be innocent until a verdict is delivered.  It is the prosecution’s job to prove that the defendant is guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.  If there is reasonable doubt, the jury must acquit, the jury must find him or her not guilty of the crime.  If the jury cannot agree on a verdict, the case may be tried again before another jury.

14 Sentencing  If a defendant is found guilty, the judge decides on the punishment, or sentence.

15 Plea Bargaining  Most cases in the U.S. never go to trial.  They are taken care of quickly by plea bargaining.  The defendant may plead guilty to a lesser offense than the original charge.  Under a plea bargain agreement, the penalty is usually lighter than if a trial jury found the defendant guilty.

16 Punishing Lawbreakers  Imprisonment:  Most serious crimes are typically punished with imprisonment.  Parole:  Early release from prison  Capital Punishment:  Harshest punishment for crimes committed in the U.S.


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