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Formal and informal styles

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Presentation on theme: "Formal and informal styles"— Presentation transcript:

1 Formal and informal styles
How to use?

2 Formal language may be used, for example, at official functions, and in debates and ceremonies.

3 Formal language is characterised by the following features:
complex sentences use of reported speech indirect questions use of modals such as could and would rather than can and will full forms (should not) instead of contractions (shouldn’t) frequent use of the passive voice limited use of phrasal verbs frequent use of long words with Latin or Greek roots

4 Formal writing is probably the most difficult type of writing
Formal writing is probably the most difficult type of writing. It is impersonal, meaning it is not written for a specific person and is written without emotion. Some kinds of writing are always written in formal English. Formal writing includes: Business Letters Letters of complaint Some essays Reports Official speeches Announcements Professional s

5 Neutral language is used with non-emotional topics and information.

6 Neutral language is characterised by:
simpler sentences active rather than passive voice factual rather than emotional language limited use of complex language limited use of slang

7 Neutral writing is not necessarily formal or informal
Neutral writing is not necessarily formal or informal. It is not usually positive or negative. A neutral register is used to deliver facts.  Some writings are written in a neutral register. This means they are not specifically formal or informal.  Writing in the natural language register includes: Reviews Articles Some letters Some essays Technical writing

8 Informal language is used in informal situations with friends, fellow workers, and members of the family.

9 Informal language is characterised by:
simple, often grammatically incomplete, sentences active voice emotional language personal opinions humour slang, idioms and cliches phrasal verbs exclamations

10 Informal writing is written in the way we talk to our friends and family. We use informal writing when we are writing to someone we know very well. Some kinds of writing can be written in an informal style. Informal writing includes: Personal s Short notes Friendly letters Most blogs Diaries and journals Phone texts


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