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Ethics. 2 What is Ethics? Def: the code of moral principles and values that govern the behaviors of a person or group with respect to what is right or.

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Presentation on theme: "Ethics. 2 What is Ethics? Def: the code of moral principles and values that govern the behaviors of a person or group with respect to what is right or."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ethics

2 2 What is Ethics? Def: the code of moral principles and values that govern the behaviors of a person or group with respect to what is right or wrong? Standards driving behavior Codified law: Legal Codified law: Legal Free Choice: Personal Free Choice: Personal Ethics: Social Ethics: Social Ethical dilemma: when alternatives are undesirable because they have potentially harmful consequences. Ethical dilemma: when alternatives are undesirable because they have potentially harmful consequences. Moral agent: one who must make an ethical choice Moral agent: one who must make an ethical choice

3 3 Ethical Question Should products that fail to meet tough FDA standards be exported to other countries where government standards are lower?

4 4 Approaches to Ethics Utilitarian Approach Moral behaviors produce the greatest good for the greatest number. Moral behaviors produce the greatest good for the greatest number. Individualism Approach Acts are moral when they promote the individual’s best long term interests. Acts are moral when they promote the individual’s best long term interests. Moral-Rights Approach Human beings have fundamental rights & liberties that can not be taken away by an individual’s decision. Human beings have fundamental rights & liberties that can not be taken away by an individual’s decision. Justice Approach Moral decisions must be based on standards of equity, fairness and impartiality Moral decisions must be based on standards of equity, fairness and impartiality How do these impact ethics in the workplace?

5 5 Corporate Culture & Ethics Ethical or unethical practices usually reflect the values, attitudes, beliefs and behavior patterns of the organizational culture. Ethics is as much an organizational as a personal issue. Do you believe these statements?

6 6 Manager’s Impact on Ethical Choices Personal traits direct a manager’s ethical choices. Stage of moral development: Preconventional Preconventional Follows rules to avoid punishment; acts in own self interest; obedience for its sake Follows rules to avoid punishment; acts in own self interest; obedience for its sake Autocratic leadership Autocratic leadership Conventional Conventional Lives up to expectations of others; fulfills duties & obligations of social system; upholds laws Lives up to expectations of others; fulfills duties & obligations of social system; upholds laws Guiding/encouraging, team oriented leadership Guiding/encouraging, team oriented leadership Postconventional Postconventional Follows self-chosen principles of justice & right; aware there are different values & seeks creative solutions; Balances concern for individual with concern for common good. Follows self-chosen principles of justice & right; aware there are different values & seeks creative solutions; Balances concern for individual with concern for common good. Transforming or servant leadership Transforming or servant leadership Most managers are in Conventional stage

7 7 Organizational Impact on Ethical choices Corporate Culture serves to let employees know what beliefs and behaviors the company supports and those it will not tolerate. Corporate Culture serves to let employees know what beliefs and behaviors the company supports and those it will not tolerate. Other influences Other influences Explicit rules Explicit rules Reward system Reward system Extent to which the company cares for its people Extent to which the company cares for its people Selection system Selection system Emphasis on legal system Emphasis on legal system Professional standards Professional standards Leadership Leadership Decision processes Decision processes

8 8 Ethics & Global Market Globalization has made ethical issues more complicated. How? Globalization has made ethical issues more complicated. How? Do you think the development of a global standard for ethical business conduct will be effective? Do you think the development of a global standard for ethical business conduct will be effective? Why or why not? Why or why not?

9 9 Ethical Responsibility to the Stakeholders Social Responsibility: Obligation of management to make decisions and take actions that will enhance the welfare and interests of society as well as the organization. Can there be conflicts making decisions in satisfying the following stakeholders? How? Employees Employees Shareholders Shareholders Suppliers Suppliers Government Government Environmentalists Environmentalists Local citizens Local citizens

10 10 Measures of Corporate Social Performance Economic Responsibilities: produce the goods & services society wants and maximize profits for owners & shareholders. Economic Responsibilities: produce the goods & services society wants and maximize profits for owners & shareholders. Legal Responsibilities: Obey the law Legal Responsibilities: Obey the law Ethical Responsibilities: Not necessarily codified as a law and may not directly benefit the company. Ethical Responsibilities: Not necessarily codified as a law and may not directly benefit the company. Discretionary Responsibilities: Voluntary & guided by the organization’s desire to make social contributions not mandated by law, economics or ethics. Discretionary Responsibilities: Voluntary & guided by the organization’s desire to make social contributions not mandated by law, economics or ethics.

11 11 How to Create an Ethical Organization Ethical Individuals Ethical Individuals Managers, employees Managers, employees Ethical Leadership Ethical Leadership Creation of an ethical corporate culture Creation of an ethical corporate culture Organizations Structures & Systems Organizations Structures & Systems Code of ethics Code of ethics Systems & policies the promote & define ethics Systems & policies the promote & define ethics Training Training Whistle blowing Whistle blowing


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