# Parts of a Map SOL WG.1a. Compass Rose  The compass rose shows you directions on a map  Cardinal directions are north, south, east, and west  Intermediate.

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Parts of a Map SOL WG.1a

Compass Rose  The compass rose shows you directions on a map  Cardinal directions are north, south, east, and west  Intermediate directions are northeast, northwest, southwest, and southeast  The compass rose shows you directions on a map  Cardinal directions are north, south, east, and west  Intermediate directions are northeast, northwest, southwest, and southeast

Compass Rose

Labels  Labels are words or phrases that explain features on the map

Legend/Key  A legend or key lists and explains the symbols and use of color on the map

Lines of Latitude  These are imaginary lines that measure distance north or south of the equator and run from east to west on the map.  These lines are also called parallels because they do not touch.  These are imaginary lines that measure distance north or south of the equator and run from east to west on the map.  These lines are also called parallels because they do not touch.

Lines of Latitude  Some important lines of latitude are: A.The Equator - 0° B.The Tropic of Cancer - 23º 26’ N C.The Tropic of Capricorn - 23º 26’ S D.The Arctic Circle - 66° 33’ N E.The Antarctic Circle - 66° 33’ S  Some important lines of latitude are: A.The Equator - 0° B.The Tropic of Cancer - 23º 26’ N C.The Tropic of Capricorn - 23º 26’ S D.The Arctic Circle - 66° 33’ N E.The Antarctic Circle - 66° 33’ S

Latitude

Lines of Longitude  These are imaginary lines that measure distance east or west of the prime meridian and run from north to south on the map. These lines connect at the north and south poles. These lines are also called meridians.

Absolute and Relative Location  Latitude and longitude lines are used to find absolute location. This is an exact point on the earth.  Relative location is NOT an exact location. People use direction and distance to give a general idea of where something is.  Latitude and longitude lines are used to find absolute location. This is an exact point on the earth.  Relative location is NOT an exact location. People use direction and distance to give a general idea of where something is.

Scale  Scale shows the ratio between a unit of length on the map and a unit of distance on the earth

Map Scale

Symbols  Symbols represent items such as capital cities, economic activities, or natural resources. Check the map legend for more details (Page 15)

Parts of a Map

Colors  Colors represent a variety of information on a map. The map legend indicates what the colors mean.

Colors  Here are some common colors  Blue = Water  Here are some common colors  Blue = Water

What do colors represent here?

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