Presentation on theme: "Political Involvement - Structure of Government Year 9 Commerce."— Presentation transcript:
Political Involvement - Structure of Government Year 9 Commerce
Syllabus Structure of government federal, State and local levels of government responsibility Political action issues that concern the community how to take action on political issues individual action political parties lobby groups Media Decision-making organisations which make decisions that impact on the community government organisations businesses welfare organisations media processes involved in decision-making Participation in the democratic process right to vote methods of voting first past the post preferential optional preferential proportional role and function of political parties role and strategies of pressure groups rights and responsibilities of individuals and groups in the democratic process Current issues current issues involving the political process
LINGO LIST Cabinet The group of senior ministers in a government who determine government policy. Chief minister The senior minister in an Australian territory. Constitutional democracy A democracy based on a constitution, or set of rules. Council The government body that administers the affairs of a local area, such as a city or a shire Democracy Government by the people, either directly or through elected representatives. Also a form of society that favours equal rights, freedom of speech and a fair trial and tolerates the views of minorities. Mayor Head of a local council that has the status of a city or shire.
LINGO LIST (CONT.) Ministry (Ministers) the executive government; members from both Houses of Parliament chosen from the party, or coalition of parties, with a majority in the Lower House to administer the country or state, and who are formally appointed by the governor-general or state governor as ministers of state. Parliament An assembly of elected representatives that forms the legislature of a state or nation. It may have both an Upper and a Lower House, or only one house. Policies Aims or plans for action on a particular issue. Premier The leading minister of the state government. The premier’s duties include being a member of the Cabinet or ministry, a member of the executive council and chief minister. Prime Minister The leader of the political party that can command majority support in the House of Representatives.
Lingo List (again…) representative democracy A system of government that allows electors to choose representatives to make political decisions for them.
What is Democracy? In Australia, we live in a democracy. This means that our Society is based around the idea that a government’s power is derived from the will of the people and: Is exercised by them either directly or indirectly. Takes place through a system of representation−we elect individuals to represent us in parliament. Usually involves electing a member of a political party whose policies we agree with
STRUCTURE OF GOVERNMENT IN AUSTRALIA Every Australian is a member of a local community. There is no single central authority or government that makes all the decisions for all Australians. In Australia, areas of responsibility or jurisdiction are divided between the bureaucracies of: Federal (National), State And, Local governments
THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT The federal government, or Commonwealth Government, decides on matters that affect the whole country. These responsibilities were given to the government in 1901 under the Australian Constitution
STRUCTURE OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT The political leader of the federal government is called the prime minister. To become prime minister a party leader must be able to rely on a majority of votes, from within their party, in the Lower House of Parliament: the House of Representatives. The prime minister appoints a ministry, the members of which have responsibility for the various functions of government. The most senior ministers are members of the Cabinet, which is responsible for all the major decisions made by government. The two houses of the federal government−the House of Representatives and the Senate−meet in Canberra, the nation’s capital.
STATE GOVERNMENTS The political leader of each state government is called the premier. In the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory the political leader is called the chief minister.
STRUCTURE OF STATE GOVERNMENTS All state governments, with the exception of Queensland (they don’t have an upper house), have two Houses of Parliament. The NSW State Government, which consists of the Legislative Assembly and the Legislative Council, meets in Parliament House in Sydney’s historic Macquarie Street
LOCAL GOVERMENT An individual local government is called a council or shire. Each council is responsible for a much smaller area than the federal or state governments. Each local government area is governed by its own elected council. The elected head of the council is called the mayor. In shires, the elected head is called either the president or the mayor.