Presentation on theme: "Commonly Confused Words"— Presentation transcript:
1 Commonly Confused Words Some words that are spelled differently but sound exactly the same.Some words that are spelled the same but are pronounced differently.Some words that do not share the same spelling or pronunciation but are often confused.These are your commonly confused words.
2 1. Commonly Confused Words - Homonyms Words that are spelled differently but sound exactly the same.HomonymsIts / It’sTo / Two / TooThere / Their / They’reThen /Than
3 Example One : Its and It’s ITS: the possessive pronounIT’S: the contraction (short for it is).It’s common for the cat to lick its claws.
4 Example Two: To, Too, and Two prepositionWalk to the car (toward)infinitive indicatorTo skateTOO can mean also or indicate degreeTWO is the number following oneThe two girls wanted to go to the skating rink too, butit was too late.
5 Example Three: Their , They’re, and There THEIR: (possessive pronoun)Belonging to themTHEY’RE: (contraction) They areTHERE: (adv) At or in that place (primary def.)They’re leaving their tired dog over there.
6 Example Four: Then and Than Than is a conjunction used in comparisonsThen is an adverb denoting time.Bob noticed that some pigeons were much bigger than others and then he realized they weren’t pigeons at all!
7 Example Five: principal, principle As a noun, principal means "head" or "chief;" as an adjective, "highest" or "best.“Principle means "basic truth, law, or assumption." Principle is NEVER an adjective.The principal author gave the lecture. He acts according to the highest principles.
8 2. Commonly Confused Words - Same Verbs with Different Sounds Words that are spelled the same but are pronounced differently.Life / LiveEveryday / Every day
9 Example One: Life and Live These words can get very complicated.LIFE (long vowel sound like pie) is a noun, whose plural is LIVES (long vowel sound)LIVE is a verb (short vowel sound like in) and the singular present tense of that verb is LIVES (also short vowel sound)LIVE (with the long vowel like pie) is an adjective that is short for alive.In his life, the doctor saved many lives.I live in Miami, but my brother lives in Tampa.I love to watch Saturday Night Live.
10 Example Two: Every Day and Everyday To determine which one of these is appropriate,ask yourself whether you want to say each dayor whether you are looking for an adjective thatmeans common or ordinary.Every day is special. Don’t weigh yourself down with everyday concerns.
11 3. Commonly Confused Words – Different Words Some words that do not share the same spelling or pronunciation but are often confused.affect, effectassure, ensure, insure
12 Example One - affect, effect To affect is to influence or change.To effect is to bring about. An effect is a result or an influence.Ingesting alcohol affects her driving competence. Margaritas effect an undesirable change in his personality; he shouts and tells you that they have no effect on his speech.NOTE: "Impact" is frequently and inappropriately used as a verb; "affect" is a better choice.These cuts impact our project.These cuts affect our project.
13 Example Two: assure, ensure, insure Assure means "to convince," "to guarantee."Insure means "to guard against loss."Ensure means "to make certain."Assure and ensure are often used interchangeably, but they actually have different meanings.Assure takes a direct object--usually a person or group of persons. You assure someone that something has been done.Ensure does not imply that you are giving assurance to someone else. You ensure that something has been done.Examples:I assure you of my good intentions.Please insure this package.Ensure that you lock your car.
14 Websites for commonly confused words Commonly Confused Words, A-ZAskOxford.comQuizzesOther sites for Commonly Confused Words