Presentation on theme: "Geography and History. Objectives The students will be able to: –Distinguish between history and prehistory –Identify other related sciences of history."— Presentation transcript:
Objectives The students will be able to: –Distinguish between history and prehistory –Identify other related sciences of history and their focus: paleontology, archaeology, and anthropology. –Understand what fossils are –Distinguish between primary and secondary sources and describe how each kind of source is used in interpreting history.
What is history? The past Everything that has happened before now Stories of what happened in the past Gone
History versus Prehistory Period of time in the past after writing was developed Period of time in the past before writing was invented
A Type of Science? History and Geography are Social Sciences
Closely Related Fields Archaeology Paleontology Anthropology Geography
Archaeology The study of history and prehistory though examining bones, tools, structures, and other fossils to learn about people and cultures from the past. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lAPUK0AF7us
Paleontology The study of the past through examining bone and fossil remains from that time period. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SEyl2rR a2YYhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SEyl2rR a2YY
Anthropology The study of humans, both past and present, how they behave, where they came from, their physical characteristics and their culture. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sMFsgPy1H5M http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p7p-_whtOtQ
Learning About The Past Written Record Oral Tradition “Digging up” Objects –Fossils, bones, tools, and more
Written Records Journals Diaries Newspapers Stories Religious Books Documents
Oral Traditions Stories passed down by word of mouth –EX: Your grandmother told your father something, your father told you, and you will tell your children Are oral traditions always completely accurate?
Fossils http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=phZe E7Att_shttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=phZe E7Att_s A trace or print of the remains of plants or animals Used by historians in different fields to learn about the past Carbon-14 Dating allows us to know the approximate age of fossils This lets us know the time period the fossils came from