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Dose Escalating Safety Study of a New Oral Direct Thrombin Inhibitor, Dabigatran Etexilate, in Patients Undergoing Total Hip Replacement: BISTRO I Eriksson.

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Presentation on theme: "Dose Escalating Safety Study of a New Oral Direct Thrombin Inhibitor, Dabigatran Etexilate, in Patients Undergoing Total Hip Replacement: BISTRO I Eriksson."— Presentation transcript:

1 Dose Escalating Safety Study of a New Oral Direct Thrombin Inhibitor, Dabigatran Etexilate, in Patients Undergoing Total Hip Replacement: BISTRO I Eriksson BI, Dahl OE, Ahnfelt L, Kalebo P, Stangier J, Nehmiz G, Hermansson K, Kohlbrenner V.

2 Background: Dabigatran etexilate (BIBR 1048) is an oral direct thrombin inhibitor undergoing evaluation for the prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) following total hip replacement Following oral administration, dabigatran etexilate is rapidly converted to its active form dabigatran (BIBR 953 ZW) Eriksson B.I., et al. J Thromb Haemost. 2004;2(9): Dose Escalating Safety Study of Dabigatran Etexilate in Patients Undergoing Total Hip Replacement: BISTRO I

3 Objective: To determine the safe therapeutic range of dabigatran etexilate following total hip replacement Eriksson B.I., et al. J Thromb Haemost. 2004;2(9): Dose Escalating Safety Study of Dabigatran Etexilate in Patients Undergoing Total Hip Replacement: BISTRO I

4 Methods: This was a multicenter, open label, sequential dose escalating study conducted at –11 sites in Sweden –7 sites in Norway Eriksson B.I., et al. J Thromb Haemost. 2004;2(9): Dose Escalating Safety Study of Dabigatran Etexilate in Patients Undergoing Total Hip Replacement: BISTRO I

5 Study Design Dabigatran Etexilate 25mg bid Dabigatran Etexilate 50mg bid Dabigatran Etexilate 200mg bid Dabigatran Etexilate 100mg bid Dabigatran Etexilate 150mg bid Dabigatran Etexilate 300mg bid Dabigatran Etexilate 150mg qd Dabigatran Etexilate 300mg qd Dabigatran Etexilate 12.5mg bid Total Hip replacement Surgery Dabigatran Etexilate 12.5mg bid Dabigatran Etexilate 150mg qd Dabigatran Etexilate 300mg bid Dabigatran Etexilate 200mg bid Dabigatran Etexilate 150mg bid Dabigatran Etexilate 100mg bid Dabigatran Etexilate 50mg bid Dabigatran Etexilate 25mg bid Dabigatran Etexilate 12.5mg bid 4-8h post-op doseOne day post-op dose Dosing interval: 10-12h Treatment continued for 6-10 days

6 Methods: Primary safety outcome: –Rate of major bleeding events during the treatment phase Major bleeding was defined according to recommended guidelines and included clinically overt bleeding associated with 20 g/L -1 fall in hemoglobin, clinically overt bleeding leading to transfusion of 2 units packed cells Eriksson B.I., et al. J Thromb Haemost. 2004;2(9): Dose Escalating Safety Study of Dabigatran Etexilate in Patients Undergoing Total Hip Replacement: BISTRO I

7 Methods: Primary efficacy outcome: –Rate of VTE events in each group VTE included: –DVT detected by venography –Symptomatic and objectively confirmed DVT and PE Secondary efficacy outcome: –Objectively confirmed VTE during the follow-up period Eriksson B.I., et al. J Thromb Haemost. 2004;2(9): Dose Escalating Safety Study of Dabigatran Etexilate in Patients Undergoing Total Hip Replacement: BISTRO I

8 Results: Of the 314 patients enrolled, 289 received at least one dose of dabigatran etexilate Two hundred and sixty-two patients (90.7%) completed the study Patient demographic and surgical characteristics were similar for all treatment groups Median treatment duration, defined as days on which treatment occurred, was 8 days (range 1-11 days) Eriksson B.I., et al. J Thromb Haemost. 2004;2(9): Dose Escalating Safety Study of Dabigatran Etexilate in Patients Undergoing Total Hip Replacement: BISTRO I

9 Safety Results: A total of 289 patients were treated across the nine dose levels Most blood loss occurred during surgery or prior to administration of dabigatran etexilate A weak dose-response relationship was seen for the incidence of bleeding events requiring bleed transfusion On average, 7% of treated patients had a bleeding event requiring blood transfusion Eriksson B.I., et al. J Thromb Haemost. 2004;2(9): Dose Escalating Safety Study of Dabigatran Etexilate in Patients Undergoing Total Hip Replacement: BISTRO I

10 Safety Results Eriksson B.I., et al. J Thromb Haemost. 2004;2(9):

11 Efficacy Results: The overall DVT rate was 12.4% (28/225 patients) Patients receiving the 12.5 mg twice daily dose showed the highest total and proximal DVT rates –20.8% and 12.5%, respectively Eriksson B.I., et al. J Thromb Haemost. 2004;2(9): Dose Escalating Safety Study of Dabigatran Etexilate in Patients Undergoing Total Hip Replacement: BISTRO I

12 Efficacy Results: The lowest total DVT rates occurred at the higher 300 mg once and twice daily doses –6.1 and 0% No consistent dose-response relationship was observed No PE events or deaths occurred during the treatment or follow-up period Eriksson B.I., et al. J Thromb Haemost. 2004;2(9): Dose Escalating Safety Study of Dabigatran Etexilate in Patients Undergoing Total Hip Replacement: BISTRO I

13 Efficacy Results Eriksson B.I., et al. J Thromb Haemost. 2004;2(9):

14 Conclusion: This dose finding study shows that –Dabigatran etexilate demonstrates an acceptable safety profile across a wide range of doses –The therapeutic window appears to be above 12.5 mg and below 300 mg twice daily Eriksson B.I., et al. J Thromb Haemost. 2004;2(9): Dose Escalating Safety Study of Dabigatran Etexilate in Patients Undergoing Total Hip Replacement: BISTRO I


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