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Department of Hospitality, Leisure & Tourism Management Business School The Higher Education Academy Subject Network Pedagogic Research Day March 2005.

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Presentation on theme: "Department of Hospitality, Leisure & Tourism Management Business School The Higher Education Academy Subject Network Pedagogic Research Day March 2005."— Presentation transcript:

1 Department of Hospitality, Leisure & Tourism Management Business School The Higher Education Academy Subject Network Pedagogic Research Day March 2005 Using pedagogic research in the curriculum: a case of employability skills Angela Maher

2 Department of Hospitality, Leisure & Tourism Management Business School Aims of session To present a brief overview of employability research To share some of the findings from my survey on graduate attributes for employability To provide an example of how research findings have influenced curriculum developments at Oxford Brookes

3 Department of Hospitality, Leisure & Tourism Management Business School Stakeholder perspectives Employers – employability is about someone having the basic skills and experience to hit the ground running Students – employability is about having skills, knowledge and experience AND an ability to articulate this to employers so they get recruited HE - employability is about enhancing students learning, broadening their perspectives and experience in a way that enables them to contribute to society

4 Employability definitions (Harvey, 2005) Getting a job Getting a graduate job Getting and retaining a graduate job Getting and retaining a graduate job and progressing First set, equate institutional graduate employment rates with employability Second set, focus on the development of attributes and job-getting skills: audits of activities Developing a range of attributes employers want Exhibiting a range of attributes that employers anticipate will be necessary for the future effective functioning of their organisation Developing a range of attributes to become a critical lifelong learner

5 Department of Hospitality, Leisure & Tourism Management Business School Employability defined A set of achievements – skills, understandings and personal attributes – that make graduates more likely to gain employment and be successful in their chosen occupations, which benefits themselves, the workforce, the community and the economy. (Yorke and Knight 2003:7)

6 Department of Hospitality, Leisure & Tourism Management Business School USEM model SUBJECT UNDERSTANDING SKILFUL PRACTICES EFFICACY BELIEFS METACOGNITION (Knight & Yorke 2004)

7 Department of Hospitality, Leisure & Tourism Management Business School Graduate attributes approach Personal qualities Core skills Process skills

8 Department of Hospitality, Leisure & Tourism Management Business School Approaches to embedding employability in the curriculum Employability through the whole curriculum Employability in the core curriculum Work-based or work-related learning interspersed within the curriculum Employability related modules within the curriculum

9 Department of Hospitality, Leisure & Tourism Management Business School Graduate attributes: survey results Importance for careerDeveloped in degree (% ranked very/quite(% ranked developed a important)lot/somewhat developed) Self-confidence 97%57% Prioritising 97%63% Adaptability 96%58% Stress tolerance 94%52% Independence 94%70% Self management 94%80%

10 Department of Hospitality, Leisure & Tourism Management Business School Developing the curriculum U54089 Career Planning for Hospitality & Tourism 15 credits at level 3 Compulsory honours module Runs over 2 semesters in final year of study Semester 1 focuses on analysing strengths and weaknesses, researching the graduate labour market and confidence building Semester 2 on practical skills and experiential learning activities, including mock assessment centre Assessed by portfolio

11 Department of Hospitality, Leisure & Tourism Management Business School How are graduate attributes addressed within the module? Self-confidence – confidence in dealing with the challenges in employment and life Specific activities include: Internet Work Attitude Motivation (iWAM) assessment Work Values self-assessment exercise Self presentation skills workshop Selling oneself in the labour market Hosting employers events Labour market research Practice assessment tests/interviewing

12 Department of Hospitality, Leisure & Tourism Management Business School How are graduate attributes addressed within the module? Prioritising – ability to rank tasks according to importance Specific activities include: Teach and practice time management techniques as part of module Assessment activities at mock assessment centre such as in-tray exercise, team challenge exercise Development of personal career plan as part of portfolio

13 Department of Hospitality, Leisure & Tourism Management Business School How are graduate attributes addressed within the module? Adaptability – ability to respond positively to changing circumstances and new challenges Specific activities include: Encouraging students to reflect in and on action using portfolio approach Evidence of understanding of labour market opportunities Identification of strengths and weaknesses in relation to career aspirations and graduate attributes Evidence of action planning for attribute development and career planning

14 Department of Hospitality, Leisure & Tourism Management Business School How are graduate attributes addressed within the module? Stress Tolerance – ability to retain effectiveness under pressure Specific activities include: Practice assessment tests administered under test conditions iWAM assessment provides feedback on stress tolerance Time management techniques taught and practised Mock assessment centre activities

15 Department of Hospitality, Leisure & Tourism Management Business School Conclusions Feedback from students has been very positive Input from external experts and employers is crucial Accessing funding for both research and curriculum development can make a significant difference Ongoing feedback and development will be important

16 Department of Hospitality, Leisure & Tourism Management Business School Conclusions Looking towards next year: Curriculum audit on employability Focus groups discussing graduate attributes for key stakeholders Using feedback from this year to improve module Making more use of ICT in module delivery and assessment Experiment with alternative assessment formats (audio visual portfolios, students setting their own learning outcomes for the module, etc)

17 Department of Hospitality, Leisure & Tourism Management Business School Useful resources HE Academy subject centre for Hospitality, Leisure, Sport and Tourism Employability Resource Guide HE Academy Resources The Learning and Employability Series Employability Briefings Developing Institutional Strategies for Employability Key Publications Knight, P and Yorke, M (2004). Learning, Curriculum and Employability in Higher Education. London: Routledge-Falmer Knight, P and Yorke, M (2003). Assessment, Learning and Employability in Higher. Maidenhead:Open University Press


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