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Cells Anne Tierney, University Teacher Room 938, Boyd Orr Building Available through the Centre for Bioscience

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Presentation on theme: "Cells Anne Tierney, University Teacher Room 938, Boyd Orr Building Available through the Centre for Bioscience"— Presentation transcript:

1 Cells Anne Tierney, University Teacher Room 938, Boyd Orr Building Available through the Centre for Bioscience

2 Intended learning outcomes Know what constitutes a cell Describe a typical cell –Prokaryote –Eukaryote Calibrate a light microscope Measure cells using a light microscope

3 What is a cell? Get into groups of two or three –You have five minutes to think of everything you can that defines what a cell is –Feed back to the class

4 Types of cell - prokaryote Prokaryote –Simple –1-2μm –No nucleus –No organelles –Single chromosome

5 The most common shapes of prokaryotes a.Cocci – round b.Bacilli – rod-shaped c.Spiral

6 Types of cell - eukaryote Eukaryote –Complex –5-100μm –Membrane-bound nucleus –Several types of organelle –Several chromosomes –Single-celled organisms –Multi-cellular organisms

7 A eukaryotic cell - animal

8 A eukaryotic cell - plant

9 How do we measure cells? Cells are (usually) too small to see with the naked eye Visualised with a microscope How can we measure with a microscope? –Done indirectly –Comparing a known scale with a scale that can be calibrated

10 Measuring cells eyepiece graticule stage micrometer

11 How do we do it? We compare the known scale (stage micrometer) to the scale that is to be calibrated

12 Calibrating the eyepiece graticule The eyepiece scale is UNKNOWN The stage scale is KNOWN –100 stage divisions = 10mm Calibration must be done for every magnification

13 Calibrating the eyepiece graticule 100 eyepiece divisions = ____ *stage divisions We know that 100 stage divisions = 10mm 1 stage division = ____mm ____ *stage divisions = ____mm 100 eyepiece divisions = ____mm 1 eyepiece division = ____ mm or ____μm Repeat this for each magnification


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