Presentation on theme: "Nadia Anderson David Tatham Ramesh Mehay Bradford VTS 2009"— Presentation transcript:
1Nadia Anderson David Tatham Ramesh Mehay Bradford VTS 2009 Fitness to PracticeNadia AndersonDavid TathamRamesh MehayBradford VTS 2009
2Introduction What is fitness to practice? Why is it important? Is there any published guidance?And where can I find it?How does it relate to us now as trainees?What does it mean in the future?
3Plan What is fitness to practice? Why is it important? What areas of our work does it cover?What guidance is there and where can we find it?How does fitness to practice affect us as trainees?RevalidationCases (& how to avoid hot water)Small group workMin-lectureQuizMini-lectureInter-active sessionTea & BiscuitsMini-lectureMini fitness topractice committees!
4Small Group Work 10-15 mins 3 questions What is “fitness to practice”? Where can we find guidance?What parts of our work does it cover?
5What Is Fitness To Practice? To practise safely, doctors must be competent in what they do. They must establish and maintain effective relationships with patients, respect patients’ autonomy and act responsibly and appropriately if they or a colleague fall ill and their performance suffers.But these attributes, while essential, are not enough. Doctors have a respected position in society and their work gives them privileged access to patients, some of whom may be very vulnerable. A doctor whose conduct has shown that he cannot justify the trust placed in him should not continue in unrestricted practice while that remains the case.The Meaning of Fitness to PracticeGMC 2005
6Fitness to practice is about being a good doctor…. ….and being a good doctor is about good medical practice….….which is the title of the guidance document issued by the GMC that we must all follow.
8QuizIn groups, 5 minutes to list the duties of a doctor as listed in the GMC guidance, “Good Medical Practice”There’s a prize!
9Duties Of A Doctor Make the care of the patient your first concern Protect and promote the health of patients and the publicProvide a good standard of practice and careKeep your professional knowledge and skills up to dateRecognise and work within the limits of your competenceWork with colleagues in the way that best serve patients’ interestsTreat patients as individuals and respect their dignityTreat patients politely and consideratelyRespect patients’ right to confidentialityWork in partnership with patientsListen to patients and respond to their concerns and preferencesGive patients the information they want in way they can understandRespect patients’ right to reach decisions with you about their treatment and careSupport patients caring for themselves to improve and maintain their healthBe honest and open and act with integrityAct without delay if you have good reason to believe that you or a colleague may be putting patients at riskNever discriminate unfairly about patients or colleaguesNever abuse your patients trust in you or the public’s trust in the profession
10Why Is Fitness To Practice Important? Because “Serious or persistent failure to follow this guidance will put your registration at risk”But even more importantly it’s about patient safetyIt encompasses everything we do as a doctor (and some aspects private life)It’s important to GMC (so hence must be to us)Needed for Appraisal (currently) and Revalidation (soon) and we need to get the box ticked!
11How Does This Affect Us As Trainees? We are all registered medical practitioners and as such must follow the GMC’s principles of good medical practiceWe have to tick a box on the E-portfolio!
16How Can We Tick The Box? Make sure you take your holidays! Can demonstrate this through CbD and entries in the learning log that your trainer can mapto the competency, eg. make a point to document issues with chaperones, discussingoptions with patients, choose a case with a shared management planMake sure you take your holidays!Any suggestions??Upload a picture of your gym membership!Any suggestions?Significant event analysisSignificant event analysisPresent at practice meeting ?with suggestions to change practice or policy
17Examples of things that you should add under ‘fitness to practise’ Here are some examples of stuff some of our trainees put on:Clinical Things:Making sure you make an enquiry into the red flag areas for most symptoms e.g. suicidal risk assessment for depressed, MI symptoms/signs for chest pains, intracranial lesions for headaches etc..Difficult areas e.g. under 16 and asking for the oral contraceptive pillPersonal Dilemmas“I was asked by a relative to prescribe something for him. I never considered the implications of this. Therefore.....”“I was in a real dilemma the other day. I felt quite ill but also felt the difficulties ringing in sick would have on my colleagues. Therefore, I decided to do xxx because....”“I was always turning up late for surgeries and my trainer had raised this a couple of times. I knew it was because of some difficult things I was experiencing at home. So, my trainer and I had a discussion about some of these things: a) looking after 3 children b) studying for my AKT, and my unsupportive husband......One thing that we decided to do is change surgery times and that has helped a lot”“My work-life balance has been getting me down. I just cannot get the right balance and so had a discussion with my programme director ”
18Small other ideasSome of us might not be keen to put personal things on for fear of consequences?Examples include: personal illness, mental health, issues with trainer.But seriously – you needn’t worry. This is the sort of stuff they really like to see.Writing it down will really make you think about your situation and help you see light at the end of the tunnel compared with just mulling it over in your mindYour problem will not go away unless you seriously consider it and talk to someone about it.Get it written down, talk to someone, and don’t worry about who will see it. Trainers have been trained to acknowledge these sort of things.
20RevalidationIn response to Shipman InquiryLatest guideline suggest should be in the form of an electronic portfolio (Don’t all cheer at once)
21RevalidationRevalidation is a process where doctors will be required to “periodically demonstrate their continued fitness to practice (DH 2007: 6).Revalidation has two elements:
22Relicensing will be required for all who hold a license. All doctors wishing to practice in the United Kingdom will require a license issued by the General Medical Council every 5 years,( starting in 2009)The process will be based on:Satisfactory completion of annual appraisalSupported by an independent 360° feedback (multisource feedback)Any concerns known to the doctor’s employing organisationRecertification will be required for doctors who are on the GMC’s specialist register and GP register. Recertification will be led by the Medical Royal Colleges who will need to provide a ‘positive statement of assurance’ to the General Medical Council.It is hoped that revalidation will identify those that require further identification or remediation in doctors whose practice is or maybe impaired.The vast majority of doctors are practicing medicine to a high standard. Revalidation should be a process that will support continuous quality improvement in standards and practice for both doctors and patients alike.
23Appraisal Annual appraisal throughout career. Five forms. Form 1 Personal detailsForm 2 Current medical activitiesForm 3 Based around the headings of good medical PracticeForm 4 the formal summary/actions agreedForm 5 Optional confidential record of the appraisal
24Form 3 Good Clinical Care eg audits, out of hours log Maintaining good medical practice; reflective diaries, course certificates, pdpRelationships with patients; thank you cards, complaints, patient surveysWorking with colleaguesManagement activityTeaching training and assessingProbity and health
25Appraisal Allows identification of areas of success, and future needs Sets an action plan to meet those needs, involving the individualIs confidential to appraisee & appraiser
26Fitness To Practice Panels Three groupsEach allocated the details of a caseDiscussWhat “fitness to practice” issues does it raise?Which of the “duties of a doctor” are breached?What should happen to the individual concerned?
27Case1 A+E Doctor develops relationship The doctor was employed in the Accident & Emergency (A&E) Department of a hospital.He examined a female patient who had presented with a knee injury.During the third consultation the doctor gave the patient his personal mobile telephone number. They sent text messages which were flirtatious in manner.When the patient returned to the A&E Department on a further occasion, the doctor engaged in flirtatious conversation with her during the examination of her injured knee.
28Case 1 continuedOn more than one occasion the doctor suggested to the patient that they should meet up. For a 12-month period the doctorpursued a sexual relationship with the patient and was also sexually intimate with her whilst on duty at the A&E Department,During the course of their sexual relationship the doctor acted or purported to act in a professional capacity in relation to the patient. He signed a statutory sickpay form for her, as her doctor at the hospital.He also provided her with a letter, as her doctor, confirming that she was fit to return to work. In that letter he also stated that he was ‘Acting Consultant in Emergency Medicine’.
29Case 1 Discuss Areas of breach of duties of a doctor What do you think the consequences should be?Could this happen to you, how would you deal with this situation?
30Case 1 Panels view Looked at by GMC panel fitness to practice engaging in flirtatious text messaging and conversation with her,whilst being a medical practitioner responsible for her clinical care, was inappropriate and an abuse of his position as a registered medical practitioner.The Panel noted its responsibility to protect the public interest, with particularreference to maintaining public confidence in the profession and upholding proper standards of conduct and behaviour. The public are entitled to expect that doctors will be honest and trustworthy at all times.The GMC’s Good Medical Practice (2001 edition) states at paragraph 20 that:‘You must not allow your personal relationships to undermine the trust which patients place in you. In particular, you must not use your professional position to establish or pursue a sexual or improper emotional relationship with a patient or someone close to them.’and at paragraph 51 that:‘You must be honest and trustworthy when writing reports, completing or signing forms…You must not write or sign documents which are false…‘
31Case 1 VerdictDue to lack of insight and remorse. Risk of establishing inappropriate relationships againIncompatible with remaining on the register
32Case 2 Not Available To Work GP who workedfor OOH serviceto provide GP services to a nursing homeprivatelyTwice absented herself from her OOH post whilst on a night shiftCalls had to be put through to other doctorsOnce found asleep at her deskTwice failed to respond to requests for a visit to nursing homeWhen a visit was made claimed she couldn’t stay and refused to see the patientPrivately treated a mole with a laser the wasn’t suitable for the job.Continued to do so despite being told by a plastic surgeon to stopRefused to acknowledge her mistakeFalsified documentation about laser treatment at the FTP hearing
33Case 2 Breaches Of Duties Of A Doctor Inadequately trained to use laser“Recognise and work within the limits of your competence”“Make the care of your patient your first concern”Falsified documentation“Be honest and open and act with integrity”
34Case 2 Verdict Removed from medical register Failure to show insight into shortcomingsDeep-seated attitudinal problems
35Case 3 Delay In Treatment 32 year old driving instructorUnwell for 4/7 with flu-like symptomsSeen by OOH at 22:30Temp 36Clammy?viral chest infection or pneumoniaDidn’t record specific chest findingsSeen again by OOH at 02:00TachypnoeicCyanosedSigns consolidation left baseAdmittedDied at 07:00 on ICU from LLL pneumonia
36Case 3 Breaches Of Duties Of A Doctor ‘an adequate assessment of the patient’s conditions, based on the history and symptoms and, if necessary, an appropriate examination’.‘keep clear, accurate, legible and contemporaneous patient records which report the relevant clinical findings, the decision made, and the information given to patients and any drugs or other treatment prescribed’.
38Case 4 Sick partnerWhile looking for the practice accounts in your partner's room, you find under a bundle of papers a medical report about your partner.It is dated last month and discusses his recent medical problems which seem to centre around his infection with hepatitis C.This comes as a shock to you as you knew nothing about this. What do you do now?
39Case 4 Discuss Discuss issues regarding infection Do you talk to the partner directly or involve a third party ?
40Case 4Read it thoroughly to ascertain facts, has he been diagnosed and treated?Risk to patients? Is he carrying out any exposure prone procedures.How did he acquire this infection?Drug use, needlestick?Support needed.
41Case 4 Learning pointsThe GMC guidance on serious communicable diseases says you must always take action to protect patients if you feel a colleague's health may put them at risk.Before breaching this confidence, discuss it with a partner, LMC member or your medical defence societyHow can doctors be reassured that their treatment is confidential?Good Medical Practice says that doctors whose health may put patients at risk should seek independent adviceAll doctors should be registered with a GP outside their own practice
42References/ Further Reading RCGP Guide to Revalidation for GP’sApril 2009The Shipman Inquiry5th Report Safe guarding patients: Lessons from the past proposals for the future
44Take Home Messages Duties of a doctor Importance to trainees Ideas for portfolio entriesUseful resourcesAware of appraisalGP’s work independently so have to be especially mindful of fitness to practice issues.