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Workforce research at Skills for Care Christine Eborall Programme Head : Research.

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1 Workforce research at Skills for Care Christine Eborall Programme Head : Research

2 Skills for Care Part of Skills for Care & Development, the sector skills council for social care, children and young peoples workforces in the UK. Mission: to modernise adult social care in England by ensuring standards and qualifications continually adapt to meet the changing needs of people who use care services. Includes providing robust data, research and analysis about the social care workforce.

3 Main research areas 1.National Minimum Data Set for Social Care (NMDS-SC) 2.Ad-hoc projects (mainly quantitative) 3.Regional research – mainly to support regional activities 4.New Types of Worker / New Ways of Working - 100 action research projects

4 National Minimum Data Set for Social Care (NMDS-SC) A collection of standard workforce data items Developed by Skills for Care in partnership with DH, former DfES, CSCI, GSCC, SCIE, NHS NWP, LSC, LGA, CWDC and others Launched October 2005; online since November 2007 Collected from adult care-providing and – organising establishments Also collected from some childrens services Not mandatory: carrot & stick approach

5 Organisational data items Establishment name, address etc. CSCI registration no. Ownership Main & other services provided Types of service users Service provision capacity Total employees and by 27 job roles No. starting in past 12 months x 27 No. agency, bank/pool, student, volunteers x 27 No. leaving in past 12 months x 27 Reasons and destinations of leavers

6 Individual worker data items National Insurance No Home postcode, date of birth, gender, ethnicity Job role(s) and employment status Contracted hours, additional hours in last week Full-time or part-time, employment terms Sickness in past 12 months Gross pay (3 options: annual, monthly, hourly) Year started work in social care Qualifications held and working towards Year qualifications achieved

7 NMDS-SC: progress to date 21,100 organisational and 585,000 worker records in system Mainly private and voluntary sector 55% of CSCI-registered establishments Bulk Upload Tool launched April 2008 for large employers and local authorities Output reports for individual establishments (including AQAA) and for general use (e.g. local authority profiles) at research Datasets available

8 NMDS-SC 2007-8 workforce numbers Estimated adult social care jobs = 1,505,000 »including 6% not directly employed, but excludes self- funders and non-social services council staff. –Private sector805,000 (53%) –Voluntary sector265,000 (18%) –Councils221,000 (15%) –NHS 62,000 (4%) –Recipients of direct payments152,000 (10%) But number of individual workers is fewer More part-time, short hours jobs and multiple employers

9 NMDS-SC workforce projections NMDS-SC employee + capacity data enables future demand to be translated into worker numbers SfC projections based on PSSRU demand forecasts 2025 jobs/workforce = 2 – 2.5 million, depending on scenario PSSRU using NMDS-SC data for more sophisticated projections

10 NMDS-SC care worker pay

11 NMDS-SC age started in social care

12 NMDS-SC: development and challenges Collection from local authorities: progressing slowly Completeness & currency of response Change control process invoked for: –worker migrant status –collection from individuals employing own staff –improve / amend qualifications information Collection from NHS – feasibility study Wales – feasibility study

13 Skills for Care ad hoc research National Survey of Care Workers (2007) Employment aspects and workforce implications of Direct Payments (2008) Rewards & incentives (in progress) National Skills Academy supply & demand study (in progress) Individuals employing own care & support staff (planned)

14 National Survey of Care Workers (2007) Conducted in 2006-7 by TNS Face to face interviews with a random sample of 500 care workers (identified via general population omnibus surveys) Most working in traditional settings Migrant and ethnic minority workers under-represented Main objective: detailed exploration of employment conditions, work patterns and motivations Full report & tabs on Skills for Care website

15 National Survey of Care Workers (2007): key findings Very high levels of job satisfaction: 90+% enjoy their work and feel they are making a difference Flexibility and hands-on work valued Lack of appropriate career structure; most not seeking promotion Management of work a key reason for leaving Positive attitudes to worker registration Care work not valued or understood by general public

16 Direct Payments workforce (2008) Conducted in 2007 by IFF Research 526 face to face interviews with DP recipients in 16 local authorities 486 PA self–completion questionnaires + 100 telephone interviews with PA sub-sample Main objective: find out whos being employed and how Full report on Skills for Care website

17 Direct Payments workforce (2008) : key findings Average no. of PAs employed = 2.3 Average no. of PA jobs/PA = 1.6 1/3 of PAs new to social care 60% of recipients of direct payments have employed people already known to them 1/3 of employers recruiting not previously known PAs not checking CRB or POVA PA role very diverse but tailored to individual employer lack of career development External training of PAs very infrequent potential new workforce, needs development

18 Rewards & incentives Research in progress by Manchester Metropolitan University Main objective: examine links between terms of employment, recruitment and retention difficulties and outcomes for service users 3 stages: desk research; multivariate analysis of NMDS-SC and CSCI inspection outcomes; case studies Reporting by end 2008 Input into employer guidance

19 Planned future work Individuals employing own care & support staff Dearth of knowledge about self-funders Future model of care need to understand workforce implications Ongoing review of workforce research from other sources What it means for employers in the sector Research arising from NTOW programme


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