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Austerity and social dialogue France Brussels meeting February 2013 Gilles Jeannot, Ecole des ponts Paul Emmanuel Grimonprez Ministry of interior.

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Presentation on theme: "Austerity and social dialogue France Brussels meeting February 2013 Gilles Jeannot, Ecole des ponts Paul Emmanuel Grimonprez Ministry of interior."— Presentation transcript:

1 Austerity and social dialogue France Brussels meeting February 2013 Gilles Jeannot, Ecole des ponts Paul Emmanuel Grimonprez Ministry of interior

2 National austerity measures wages point has grown to 2,8% for 2008-2011 for a 4,4% inflation. –Specific compensation against loss : 56 000 public servants received on average 800 Euros –Half of the gain from staff cutback redistributed (salary grids, overtime) Global salary : plus 2,9 % in 2009-2010. Bonus salary based on job level and efficiency

3 National austerity measures : staff cutback Non replacement of one out of two retirees -75 000 in 2008, -45 000 in 2009 for State administration Simultaneously local government and hospital staff increase


5 National social dialogue and austerity The national dialogue on inflation adjustment point has been cut, compensated by a technical discussion on salary grids Zero discussion on large reorganisations (revision générale des politiques publiques) at a national level and limited scope for local discussions

6 Social dialogue reform (2010) New Trade union representation rules (all trade unions equal, elections held during one day only) A joint statement is recognised only if signed by Unions representing 50 % of the voters, Government is considered bound by the signed agreement. But Government keeps the choice between negotiation and unilateral regulation. More importance put on organisation (health, reorganisation) (basis for representation)

7 Local government public service Created in 1983, tension between an integrated model (communists) and a decentralised model (Deferre Marseilles Mayor)… in fact real autonomy. At the national level general rules are designed for State civil service and then adapted for local government At the national level it is difficult to find local employer representatives (Mayor associations or Superior council representatives?)

8 Austerity in local governement Budget –restriction to come : 1,5 Billion 2014, 1,5 Billion 2015 for Staff : –net growth 140 000 over 10 years, –75 % lowest level (catégorie C), –9 over ten of them recruited informally Salary –60 % of catégorie C earns private minimum salary (SMIC) + local bonus –Very little salary increase –Result: stronger impact of salary freeze

9 National social dialogue for local authorities National social dialogue is mainly based on national exams (concours) and career grids but most recent recruitments have been made without national exams and salary increase mainly dictated by minimum salary increase. National social dialogue is mainly focussed on certain categories (firemen, policemen).

10 Saint Etienne

11 Case study : Saint Etienne Financial situation Industrial city close to Lyon in decline (population declined 240 000 - > 175 000) The biggest debt per habitant among French cities (2158 Euros preceding Marseille and Lille). Junk loans resulting in a 150 million Euro loss for a 350 million Euro annual budget

12 Saint Etienne 2008 new Mayor (socialist) and austerity plan –+ 9,5% on local taxes –Investment limitation –1% maxi payroll growth with a shift-age-technical skills of 3%) –Limited staff cutback (100). Reorganisation –Power concentration –Rationalisation of street level organisations (swimming pools, street cleaning, police …)

13 Saint Etienne : social dialogue Formalised social dialogue procedures mixing direct and indirect dialogue Special attention to psychological risks Real dialogue and conflict on street level reorganisations Unease among medium managers Balanced impression: real confrontation but dissatisfaction

14 Case study conclusion Modernisation continues –End of customary rules –Customer-oriented organisations Formalised form of social dialogue (in these cities?) but a culture of conflict. Best practices : mix between indirect and direct participation, mix between habitant participation and social dialogue.

15 Conclusion 1 austerity measures : Lagged responses ? Staff cutback, wage freeze, and new retirement rules launched by ex-President Sarkozi are not completely linked to crisis but not lagged responses President Hollande expands the austerity measures (tax increase, local government restrictions, retirement wage freeze…)…

16 Conclusion 2 : social dialogue restriction resilience reconfiguration ? Austerity measures and reengineering in State administration have not been discussed = restriction Contrasts with new rules set to give more legitimacy to social dialogue (2010 law) that have not really been used to deal with austerity measures = a lost opportunity for reconfiguration Vivid social dialogue in local municipalities in crisis and subject to direct accountability to electors = resilience

17 French civil service French civil service was organised in 1983 into three sections: State, local government, hospital.(5,3 million) –State civil service (2,4 million) (50 % executives, managers catégorie A) –Local government (1,8 million) (76%, workerscatégorie C). –Hospitals (1,1 million) Civil servants are mainly on tenure (status)

18 Social dialogue National dialogue on wages –Global adjustment to inflation point: discussed in media –Salary grid by corps: specialized –Bonus: secret National dialogue on rules (conseils supérieurs de la Fonction publique) Dialogue on personal questions (career, mobility) is more active than dialogue on organisation (health, re-organisations). Trade union competition (tension between corporatists and non corporatist Trade unions).

19 Trade unions 15 % membership ; 70 % participation election basis for official representation CGT (23,5 %) especially strong among workers in municipalities, ex communist Union, now open to negotiation Force ouvrière (17,6 %) corporatist, now confrontational CFDT (16,8 %) non corporatist, open to negotiation FSU (11,%) very strong among teachers SUD (9,6 %) extreme left, confrontational

20 State public service (thousands) Local government public service Hospitals total Total employ- ment France Public employ- ment % 19962413122288545212305519,6 19982452126690446222378019,4 20002484132893147442500619,0 20022557141797349472543919,4 200425671525103851302551620,1 200525681564105251852570520,2 200625601612105652282601220,1 200724981704107352762636420,0 200824221771108552782623820,1 200923921806110052982600720,4 Source : Rapport annuel de la Fonction publique 2010-2011, p. 302.

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