Definition “private organizations that pursue activities to relieve suffering, promote the interests of the poor, protect the environment, provide basic social services, or undertake community development” (World Bank) more generally, can be applied to any non- profit organization independent from government
Characteristics typically value-based organizations which depend, in whole or part, on charitable donations and voluntary service although increasingly professionalized, principles of altruism and voluntarism persist as defining characteristics
Purpose a variety of purposes, but generally to further the political or social goals of their members or funders one of the first was the International Red Cross founded in 1863 the term NGO came into use in 1945 with the establishment of the UN Since 1980s with government cutbacks in social services and negative impacts of economic globalization, have become increasingly influential in international affairs
Types of NGOs 1.Operational: to design and implement relief and/or development-related projects can be community based, national or international E.g.? 2.Advocacy: to defend or promote a specific cause try to raise awareness, acceptance, and knowledge by lobbying, press work, and activist events E.g.?
Environmental NGOs name of organization role/purpose/mission history employees location of operations how it carries out its mission (e.g. meetings, funding, lobbying, ground operations) Canada’s involvement Evaluate the organization’s effectiveness