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School of something FACULTY OF OTHER School of Computing FACULTY OF ENGINEERING A research-led coursework assignment for the exceptional student and the.

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Presentation on theme: "School of something FACULTY OF OTHER School of Computing FACULTY OF ENGINEERING A research-led coursework assignment for the exceptional student and the."— Presentation transcript:

1 School of something FACULTY OF OTHER School of Computing FACULTY OF ENGINEERING A research-led coursework assignment for the exceptional student and the student journey: Co-author an interdisciplinary research paper! Based on British Computer Society – Machine Intelligence contest entry: Combinatory Hybrid Elementary Analysis of Text: hybrid human-machine intelligence to generate research journal papers by Eric Atwell et al. Research Institute for Artificial Intelligence and Biological Systems, School of Computing, Faculty of Engineering, Leeds University

2 Outline Introduction Experiments to combine research and teaching in AI / Knowledge Management and Corpus Linguistics, using an AI-inspired intelligent agent architecture, but casting students as the intelligent agents. Each student applies KM/Data-mining to a corpus, then we combine results Methods Students given detailed coursework spec, write up as a research paper Results Draft research papers by Junaid Arshad, Chien-Ming Lai, Lan Nim, Noushin Rezapour Asheghi, Josiah Wang, Justin Washtell ( + more?) Conclusions Spamming journals? More research questions for next years classes

3 INTRODUCTION: controversial assumptions? Q: Whats the greatest commercial success on the Internet?

4 INTRODUCTION: controversial assumptions? Q: Whats the greatest commercial success on the Internet? A: not PORN... but ADVERTISING! (not EskimoTube, but YouTube and other Google adverts) Google is a web-search service? - NO: Google is an advert-generating service! - even EskimoTube makes money through adverts

5 INTRODUCTION: controversial assumptions? Q: Whats the greatest commercial success on the Internet? A: not PORN... but ADVERTISING! (not EskimoTube, but YouTube and other Google adverts) SPAM is a particularly successful innovation: generating large numbers of personalised adverts for potential customers Spam WORKS: even if only a low success rate...

6 INTRODUCTION: controversial assumptions? Q: What is the aim of academic research?

7 INTRODUCTION: controversial assumptions? Q: What is the aim of academic research? A: The aim of academic research is to generate journal papers (for RAE, for publicity, for promotion, ?) RAE: Researchers must produce 4 research papers in 6 years Students + Machine Intelligence: 40 draft papers in 6 weeks -a BIG advance in Machine Intelligence - AND research-led student learning We integrate AI and Human Intelligence at 3 levels: using AI architecture; AI tools; AI students

8 Background assumptions The aim of research is to generate conference/journal papers (for RAE, for publicity, for promotion, ?) Computing students should learn to apply ICT to practical, real / useful tasks Research-led teaching and learning is a Leeds Univ strength SO … students could learn by applying ICT to research questions, and writing research papers on results? BUT … research is hard – surely a student cant come up with ideas and results for a publishable research paper?! Maybe one student cant … but…

9 Intelligent Agent Architecture Wikipedia: In computer science, an intelligent agent (IA) is a software agent that exhibits some form of artificial intelligence that assists the user and will act on their behalf, in performing repetitive computer-related tasks. While the working of software agents used for operator assistance or data mining (sometimes referred to as bots) is often based on fixed pre-programmed rules, "intelligent" here implies the ability to adapt and learn … a multi-agent system (MAS) is a system composed of several agents, collectively capable of reaching goals that are difficult to achieve by an individual agent or monolithic system … A multiple agent system (MAS) is a distributed parallel computer system built of many very simple components, each using a simple algorithm, and each communicating with other components. A paradigm of an ant colony or bee swarm is used many times.

10 INTRODUCTION: Students as intelligent agents Monkeys at typewriters will eventually type Shakespeare plays Bio-Inspired Computing researchers aim to develop software which behaves like ants, bees, etc to achieve complex results Why not use students as super-intelligent agents?? Prof David Cliff: this is cheating – his goal is software agents BUT my goal is to generate research journal papers, I am not aiming to build bio-inspired computing software!

11 METHODS Structure: Introduction, Methods, Results, Conclusions. I cant tell you the details in 10 minutes… Instead… a birds eye view: how student + MI can help me generate a draft journal paper I am the QB queen bee: I guide the hive (students+MI) We have 10 minutes, not 6 weeks, so key steps only… NB: COMPUTING DEMOS ALWAYS GO WRONG

12 METHOD: How to create a journal paper QB) Design the overall HI-MI hybrid: coursework specification: QB) Select a domain + research question where MI is novel Humanities: Language and Cultural studies for a region; specifically: Which English dominates WWW in this region, British or American?

13 METHOD: How to create a journal paper Which English dominates WWW in your region, British or American? 1) Use AI search tool to choose a region and journal for this question; and find related research to cite, in the Introduction of your paper.region and journal related research paper 2) Choose 3+ countries in this region, use AI search tool to harvest a Web-Corpus for each countryWeb-Corpus QB) harvest 10 UK and 10 US Web-corpus data-samplesUKUS

14 How to create a journal paper (continued…) QB) Use AI tool to find significant differences: ML features characteristic of UK v. US English 3) Choose features, encode in uk-us ARFF fileARFF 4) Chosen region: encode features in test ARFF fileARFF 5) Use AI ML toolkit (WEKA) to build visualisation and ML evidence of uk-us decision;WEKA copy-and-paste into journal paper: novel evidence (novel for this readership!)

15 How to create a journal paper (continued…) 6) Decision-tree predictions for region samples: UK or US? (Test options: Supplied test set);test set copy into journal paper 7) Finish paper: Introduction, Methods, Results … (ML evidence: novel to this research journal readership), Conclusions 8) Submit paper via AI Knowledge Management toolSubmit QB) assess course-works, aka review/improve, submit to real conference/journal

16 RESULTS Student: outline paper for co-author to expand; great for CV! QB) 40 research papers to submit to conferences and journals … Ill let you know how many were accepted for Language Resources and Evaluation Conference 2010Language Resources and Evaluation Conference 2010, Malta

17 CONCLUSIONS For BCS Machine Intelligence contest: A hybrid of human and machine intelligence - AI architecture applied to students + smart choice of journals and instructions + use of AI tools by AI students … can produce 40 draft research papers in 6 weeks – much more than HI or MI alone. -a BIG advance in Machine Intelligence - AND Human Intelligence – novel student learning experience

18 CONCLUSIONS What else?... Students to draft research-led teaching resources for Wikipedia University: WikiversityWikiversity Same procedure, but instead of a paper, write a Wiki entry Not just AI students: any computer-literate student (or lecturer!) can use Wikipedia, and add to Wiki A.I. Lecturers could collaborate with Language/Humanities Lecturers to produce sharable blended learning resources Eg at UPenn: Natural Language Tool Kit NLTKNLTK At Leeds: Quranic Arabic CorpusQuranic Arabic Corpus LTC7: Interested? Google me: Eric Atwell


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