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Types and models of research impact Sandra Nutley University of St Andrews.

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Presentation on theme: "Types and models of research impact Sandra Nutley University of St Andrews."— Presentation transcript:

1 Types and models of research impact Sandra Nutley University of St Andrews

2 Research Unit for Research Utilisation (RURU)

3 Key message Impact assessment strategies need to be underpinned by realistic ideas about the nature and process of research impact

4 Types of impact Instrumental – change in policy or practice Conceptual – change in knowledge, understanding, attitudes …and Enlightenment impact

5 A research impact continuum Awareness Attitudes, perceptions, ideas Knowledge & understanding Practice & policy change CONCEPTUAL USEINSTRUMENTAL USE

6 Models of research impact Stocks or reservoirs of research knowledge Political and professional environments and wider society

7 Models of research impact Stocks or reservoirs of research knowledge Political and professional environments and wider society Knowledge impels action Percolation Knowledge grabbing Problem solving or tactical Interaction Co- production of knowledge

8 Models of research use in social care Research-based practitioner Embedded research Organisational excellence

9 Research based practitioner Individual craft knowledge and experience Research based knowledge Practice

10 Embedded research model Research on what works Practice guidelines and tools Training in use of guidelines and tools Scrutiny of the use of guidelines tools

11 Service delivery organisations Organisational excellence model Developing a research-minded culture Learning from existing research Commissioning local research and evaluations Working in partnership with local universities and research intermediaries

12 Models of research use in social care Research-based practitioner Embedded research Organisational excellence One size does not fit all

13 Implications for impact assessment No single model of research impact likely to be relevant for all situations Make choices based on a clear understanding of the purpose of impact assessment activities

14 Research production User communities Interactions between research producers and users Context within which this occurs ResearchUsers Context May need to consider activities, outputs and outcomes in at least 4 spheres: Interaction

15 Some funded research may have immediate and recognisable impacts – and some may have none – it is difficult to know these things in advance, especially as impact often occurs far down the line…

16 Need to be cautious about the consequences of any impact assessment regime


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