Presentation on theme: "She were a cracker: Talking gender and sexuality at work Dr. Louise Mullany University of Nottingham, UK Gender and Language BAAL SIG: Gender and Corpus."— Presentation transcript:
She were a cracker: Talking gender and sexuality at work Dr. Louise Mullany University of Nottingham, UK Gender and Language BAAL SIG: Gender and Corpus Linguistics Lancaster University 30th March 2010
doing gender (Butler 1999; 2004) Gender identities as contested, pluralised and fluid Introduction Gender, sexual, personal and professional identities Hegemonic Discourses: broader social structuration (Sunderland 2004; Baker 2008)
Mixed methodologies (Holmes & Meyerhoff 2003; Swann & Maybin 2008; Mullany 2008) Away from armed camps (Silverman 2000: 10) Quantitative, survey approaches: corpus linguistic tools and techniques Qualitative approaches Methodology
Approaches Indexicality of gender identity (Ochs 1992) Direct indexicality: girl/boy: talk-in-interaction/CA (Stokoe and Smithson 2001) Indirect indexicality: expectations, norms: indexing social meanings: how gender is relevant (McElhinny 2003) Feminine and masculine CofPs (Holmes and Stubbe 2003)
CANBEC 24 companies in total: 2000-2004 Internal v External (Handford 2007) Manufacturing, IT, telecommunications, pub chain, travel agents, accountants, museum, magazine, hotel, management consultancy, finance/banking Recordings: UK, also Ireland, Spain, Germany, Japan Range of private companies and speakers Meetings: 912,734 words Handford and McCarthy (2004)
Company type: Words in 1000s (Handford 2007: 76)
Gender and CANBEC Corpus tagging Gender make up: 79% men 21% women Gender, professional role, status
Discussion Co-construction of multiple identities Stereotypically masculine CofP: Last night narrative: hegemonic masculinist heroes (M3, M5) and anti-hero (M6) Expletives Humour: Sexist humour, banter, insults Transactional & affective talk: inextricably interlinked Pluralised masculinities Dominant hegemonic discourse of heterosexual masculinity (Coates 2003; Sauntson 2008; Baker 2008)
Conclusions Direct indexing of gender terms: mixed methods through corpus linguistics as initial survey approach Dominant hegemonic discourse of heterosexual masculinity in this masculine manufacturing CofP Integral and multifunctional role of humour, narrative, small/social talk Strategic positioning of narrative: Openings, negotiation, conflict/tension releaser, closings, solidarity-building, social distancing
References Handford, M & M. McCarthy (2004) Invisible to us: A preliminary corpus- based study of spoken business English. In T. Upton & U. Connor (eds) Discourse in the Professions: Perspectives from Corpus Linguistics. pp. 167-201. Baker, P. (2008) Sexed Texts. London: Equinox Butler, J. (1999) Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. Second Edition. New York: Routledge. Butler, J. (2004) Undoing Gender. New York: Routledge. Coates, J. (2003) Men Talk. Oxford: Blackwell. Handford, M & M. McCarthy (2004) Invisible to us: A preliminary corpus- based study of spoken business English. In T. Upton & U. Connor (eds) Discourse in the Professions: Perspectives from Corpus Linguistics. pp. 167- 201. Handford, M. (2007) The Genre of the Business Meeting: A Corpus Based Study. Unpublished PhD Thesis. Nottingham: University of Nottingham. Holmes, J. (2000) Doing collegiality and keeping control at work: small talk in government departments. In J.Coupland (ed.) Small Talk. Harlow: Pearson, pp. 32-61. Holmes, J. and M. Meyerhoff (2003) Different voices, different views: An introduction to current research in language and gender. In J. Holmes and M. Meyerhoff (eds) The Handbook of Language and Gender. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 1-17.
References Holmes, J. and Stubbe, M. (2003) `Feminine workplaces: stereotype and reality. In Holmes, J. and Meyerhoff, M. eds. The Handbook of Language and Gender, Oxford, Blackwell, pp.573-600. McElhinny, B. (2003) Theorizing gender in sociolinguistics and linguistic anthropology. In J.Holmes and M. Meyerhoff (eds) The Handbook of Language and Gender. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 21-42. Mullany, L. (2008) Negotiating methodologies: Making language and gender relevant in the professional workplace. In K. Harrington, L. Litosseliti, H. Sauntson and J. Sunderland (eds) Gender and Language Research Methodologies. Basingstoke: Palgrave, pp. 43-55. Mullany, L. (forthcoming) Managers performing masculinities in business meetings: What we did last night. In J. Angouri & M. Marra (eds) Identities at Work. Basingstoke: Palgrave. Ochs, E. (1992) Indexing gender. In A. Duranti & C. Goodwin (eds) Rethinking Context: Language as an Interactive Phenomenon. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 335-358.
References Sauntson, H. (2008)The contribution of queer theory to gender and language research. In: K. Harrington, L. Litosseliti, H. Sauntson and J. Sunderland (eds.), Gender and Language Research Methodologies, 271–282. Basingstoke: Palgrave. Silverman, D. (2000) Doing Qualitative Research: A Practical Guide. London: Sage. Stokoe, E.H., & J. Smithson ( 2001) Making gender relevant: Conversation analysis and gender categories in interaction. Discourse & Society, 12: 217-244. Sunderland, J. (2004) Gendered Discourses. Basingstoke: Palgrave. Swann, J. and J. Maybin (2008) Sociolinguistic and ethnographic approaches to language and gender. In K. Harrington, L. Litosseliti, H. Sauntson and J. Sunderland (eds) Gender and Language Research Methodologies Basingstoke: Palgrave, pp. 21- 42.
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