Presentation on theme: "Pseudo-cohort analysis - trends in smoking data using the General Household Survey Melissa Davy Office for National Statistics."— Presentation transcript:
Pseudo-cohort analysis - trends in smoking data using the General Household Survey Melissa Davy Office for National Statistics
Introduction Why we carried out pseudo cohort analysis (PCA) The advantages and disadvantages The survey we used in our analysis The methods we used Work through an example
Why is it useful to look at cohort analysis? Interested in inequalities over time and by birth cohort People in different birth cohorts have different experiences Cohort analysis provides a better understanding of how events change over time
What is pseudo-cohort analysis? Cohort analysis - panel data - same individual Pseudo-cohort analysis - cross-sectional data - average experience of a given cohort For example - aged 20 to 25 in a 1980 survey = 21 to 26 in 1981 = 22 to 27 in 1982 = 44 to 49 in 2004.
Advantages of pseudo-cohort analysis (1) Uses data that are already available (2) New sample each year so no problem of non- random attrition (3) Less burden on respondents (4) More frequent data
Disadvantages of pseudo-cohort analysis (1) Variations in the nature of the samples surveyed (2) Looking at average experience of the cohort limits the use of the data (3) Recall bias (4) Not straightforward (5) Small cell sizes
General Household Survey Dataset goes back more than 30 years The GHS covers a range of topics Relatively large sample size High quality data source
Extracting the data – create a database which includes all survey years – create a birth cohort variable Disadvantages - Time consuming Advantages - Valuable research tool - Exploiting full potential of the GHS data - Makes time series analysis easier
Creating the dataset Long process documented in: Uren Z (2006) The GHS Pseudo Cohort Dataset (GHSPCD): Introduction and Methodology. Survey Methodology Bulletin, no 59, pp Available at: contains over 40 variables, records for over 800,000 individuals.
The smoking example Analysis of smoking among men trends over time trends by age pseudo-cohort analysis - interaction of time and age
Main findings At every age, men smoke less than the previous generation. Not due to established smokers giving up more rapidly In the most recent cohorts - fewer men were starting to smoke - but were then giving up at a slower rate than in the past. Smoking prevalence rates may be stabilising.
Conclusion Pseudo-cohort analysis gives us a better understanding of the GHS smoking data