Presentation on theme: "Summary-Response Essay Responding to Reading. Reading Critically Not about finding fault with author Rather engaging author in a discussion by asking."— Presentation transcript:
Reading Critically Not about finding fault with author Rather engaging author in a discussion by asking questions as you read an article or essay Requiring author to meet certain demands that employ good writing techniques:
Reader Demands Clear text Logical thoughts and arguments Reliable, credible information Thoughtful and thought provoking Honest writing Often objective, non biased or well supported argument
Other reader demands Readers want to know about the author, his background, experience, expertise Occasion, purpose, audience of writing situation Cultural context Writer’s claim or argument Logical use of evidence, adequate evidence Style, voice, tone, word choice
How to read critically Good note taking Keep a Reader’s log--see example of this on the website page
Author’s Name and title of Article Summary: List main ideas, key features, examples, and evidence the author may provide Response: Log your reaction to each main point, record your comments, and questions
Or create a critical rereading guide -take note of: Purpose Audience, reader Occasion, genre, context Thesis and main or supporting ideas Organization and evidence Language and style
Purpose of this Essay To understand an author’s main idea and purpose for work To recognize the main points that support that main idea To be able to summarize(paraphrase) author’s main ideas To be able to respond or react to what the author has to say (to support or defend your point of view)
Preparing the Summary Cite the author and the title of the text Indicate the main ideas of the text Paraphrase main ideas; quote sparingly, use key words, phrases, and sentences Include author tags Avoid summarizing specific examples or data Be objective
Response Your opinion of the author’s ideas Do you agree or disagree How well is the essay or article written?
Structuring Your response Requires your reaction to the text and your interpretation of the text 3 types of responses: depends on purpose and audience
1. Analyzing the effectiveness of the text Use this approach if you do no have an opinion on the topic –Do an analysis of the structure of the writing, the clarity of the main idea, use of logic and reasoning, strength of argument, use of supporting evidence –Overall effectiveness of the piece –Good writing
2. Agreeing or disagreeing with text A response of this nature will react to the ideas or the argument Simply do you agree with the author Why or why not Provide evidence to support your reaction
3. Interpretation and Reflection Writer will explain or examine the text by looking at the underlying assumptions or implications of the author’s ideas. You may add your own experience, attitude, and observations as they relate to text
3 ways to provide evidence to support your response Your response requires that you provide evidence to support your opinion, whether you agree or disagree with the author Consider what sort of evidence will best support your statements
1. Personal Experience Use personal experience as examples to demonstrate why you interpret the text the way you do, why you react the way you do, why you agree or disagree I strongly disagree with Tannen’s first point based on my own high school experience, especially in my History class.
2. Evidence from the text Cite specific phrases or sentences from the text to support your –explanation of the text –analysis of the effectiveness of the text –To support why you agree or disagree
3. Evidence from other texts Acceptable to bring in ideas and information from other texts Your prior knowledge No research required for this assignment Cite sources if you do use borrow material from other sources
Include these elements in your essay Brief introduction that will state these items: –Title of the article or essay;Name of author; Place of publication –Any key information you might know about author to help establish author’s credibility –State author’s main idea –Thesis: a well thought out statement stating your main point about the article or essay.
Example: (introductions are brief) In her essay “The Way Men and Women Use Language ” author Deborah Tannen argues that teachers should be aware of the vast differences in how men an women communicate in order to be more successful in the classroom. Based on my experience in the classroom as, I have to disagree with Tannen.
The Summary: Discuss the Points that Tannen makes (Students will list)
Respond to each point: Points you agree with(Students will list) –1. –2. –3 Points you disagree with –1 –2
Conclusion End essay with a summary of your response You can add a new perspective about the article, author, or topic
Organization: Outline Patterns: Block Pattern 1 I. Introduction with thesis II. Summary of main point III. Points You agree with IV. Points you disagree with Conclusion
Pattern 2: Point by Point I. Introduction with thesis Summarize point 1; agree or disagree Summarize point 2; agree or disagree Summarized point 3; agree or disagree Conclusion Note: you do not need to agree or disagree with all points
Important things to remember Summarize or paraphrase= brief explanation, omit author’s supporting evidence or examples unless one is vital in understanding author’s point Make sure to give reasons why you disagree –Give examples, personal experience, facts, any previous experience or knowledge you can draw upon to support your opinion:
Based on my experience with boys in class in high school.... Try to avoid over using “I agree” and “I disagree”
Documenting the Summary Response Know what type of documentation system your teacher requires Add a correct bibliographical citation (MLA in this class) If you take direct quotations form the article, put the page number in () at the end of the quotation with a [.] at the close of the ().
Keeping your work original: Avoiding Plagiarism Document any borrowed material--any material that does not come from your own experience: –Words, images, language, visuals, ideas, concepts –YES ideas can be plagiarized Students sharing ideas--one comes up with an idea and others say “yeah, I like that idea too.”
Shaping the Summary Summary should: –Present the author’s main idea accurately and objectively –Use description, paraphrase, and direct quotation
Description Describe the main features of the essay: –Author and title –Place of publication –Key text features –Author’s thesis or main point
Paraphrase Recreates or restates author’s passage using your words Retains the original meaning without plagiarizing Same length as original text Read text until you write the passage in your own language Be sure to add an author tag and cite page in () at end of borrowed material
Direct Quotation Presents author’s words exactly as stated in the text. Introduce with an author tag Enclose in quotation marks Cite page number () at end of quotation