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Holt Algebra 2 2-7 Curve Fitting with Linear Models 2-7 Curve Fitting with Linear Models Holt Algebra 2 Lesson Presentation Lesson Presentation

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Holt Algebra 2 2-7 Curve Fitting with Linear Models Fit scatter plot data using linear models with and without technology. Use linear models to make predictions. Objectives Essential Question How can a scatterplot help me make better decisions and what does it mean to fit the data?

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Holt Algebra 2 2-7 Curve Fitting with Linear Models regression correlation line of best fit correlation coefficient Vocabulary

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Holt Algebra 2 2-7 Curve Fitting with Linear Models Researchers, such as anthropologists, are often interested in how two measurements are related. The statistical study of the relationship between variables is called regression.

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Holt Algebra 2 2-7 Curve Fitting with Linear Models A scatter plot is helpful in understanding the form, direction, and strength of the relationship between two variables. Correlation is the strength and direction of the linear relationship between the two variables.

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Holt Algebra 2 2-7 Curve Fitting with Linear Models Try to have about the same number of points above and below the line of best fit. Helpful Hint If there is a strong linear relationship between two variables, a line of best fit, or a line that best fits the data, can be used to make predictions.

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Holt Algebra 2 2-7 Curve Fitting with Linear Models A line of best fit may also be referred to as a trend line. Reading Math

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Holt Algebra 2 2-7 Curve Fitting with Linear Models The correlation coefficient r is a measure of how well the data set is fit by a model.

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Holt Algebra 2 2-7 Curve Fitting with Linear Models Example 1: Meteorology Application Albany and Sydney are about the same distance from the equator. Make a scatter plot with Albany’s temperature as the independent variable. Name the type of correlation. Then sketch a line of best fit and find its equation.

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Holt Algebra 2 2-7 Curve Fitting with Linear Models o o Step 1 Plot the data points. Step 2 Identify the correlation. Notice that the data set is negatively correlated–as the temperature rises in Albany, it falls in Sydney. Example 1 Continued

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Holt Algebra 2 2-7 Curve Fitting with Linear Models o o Step 3 Sketch a line of best fit. Draw a line that splits the data evenly above and below. Example 1 Continued

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Holt Algebra 2 2-7 Curve Fitting with Linear Models Step 4 Identify two points on the line. For this data, you might select (35, 64) and (85, 41). Step 5 Find the slope of the line that models the data. Use the point-slope form. An equation that models the data is y = –0.46x + 80.1. y – y 1 = m(x – x 1 ) y – 64 = –0.46(x – 35) y = –0.46x + 80.1 Point-slope form. Substitute. Simplify. Example 1 Continued

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