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**Cover 1.4 if time; non-Algebra 2 objective**

Teaching note Cover 1.4 if time; non-Algebra 2 objective Gasaway going over briefly: get students to narrow down, positive verse negative correlation just by appearance and how to do on calculator

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Bell Ringer Find each slope: 1. (5, –1), (0, –3) 2. (8, 5), (–8, 7)

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1.4 Objectives Fit scatter plot data using linear models with and without technology. Use linear models to make predictions. A line of best fit may also be referred to as a trend line.

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**Four Kinds of Correlations (you will learn about in Transition)**

Positive Correlation Negative Correlation No Correlation Constant Correlation

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**Teaching note: **Practice how to use calculator with following slide**

** make sure all steps are included for students **Need uncooked spaghetti for this unit (optional). Be patient, allow students time to copy question and data. Offer students graph paper

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**Scatter Plots + Calculator**

1) STAT #1 L1 (x) , L2 (y) (enter data; use arrow keys to select column) STAT CALC 4enter LinReg(ax+b) 2nd 8) y= plot1 on TYPE X list L1 & Y list L2 mark (select on) GRAPH

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**Example 1 How to: Calculator data entry**

That’s to much work with paper & pencil Albany and Sydney are about the same distance from the equator. (a)Make a scatter plot with Albany’s temperature as the independent variable. (b)Name the type of correlation. (c)Then sketch a line of best fit and (d)find its equation. Tables: ACT How to: Calculator data entry Enter ______ in list L1 by pressing STAT and then 1. Enter _______ in list L2 by pressing Make scatter plot in the following way: Press 2nd Y= PLOT 1 set up desired type when done, press GRAPH cont inued

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**Does yours look like this ? example 1 continued**

Albany and Sydney are about the same distance from the equator. (a)Make a scatter plot with Albany’s temperature as the independent variable. (b)Name the type of correlation. (c)Then sketch a line of best fit and (d)find its equation. (hint: what is m? b?) o • • • • • • • • • • •

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Example 2 (a)Make a scatter plot for this set of data. (b)Identify the correlation (c)sketch a line of best fit (d)find its equation.

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**Teaching note: following slide**

Do not advance to next slide until students have had time to finish previous slide

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**• • • • • • • • • • example 2 continued Step 1 Plot the data points.**

Step 2 Identify the correlation. Notice that the data set is positively correlated–as time increases, more points are scored • • • • • • • • • •

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**• • • • • • • • • • example 2 continued**

Step 3 Sketch a line of best fit. Draw a line that splits the data evenly above and below. • • • • Step 4 Identify the equation for the data. • • • • • • end

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**Example 3: Anthropology Application**

Anthropologists can use the femur, or thighbone, to estimate the height of a human being. The table shows the results of a randomly selected sample. (a)Make a scatter plot for this set of data. (b)Identify the correlation (c)sketch a line of best fit (d)find its equation.

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**• • • • • • • • example 3 continued**

a. Make a scatter plot of the data with femur length as the independent variable. • • • • • • • •

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Example 3 Continued b. Find the correlation coefficient r and the line of best fit. Interpret the slope of the line of best fit in the context of the problem. Enter the data into lists L1 and L2 on a graphing calculator. Use the linear regression feature by pressing STAT, choosing CALC, and selecting 4:LinReg. The equation of the line of best fit is h ≈ 2.91l

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**What does the slope indicate about problem?**

Example 3 Continued What does the slope indicate about problem?

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**c. A man’s femur is 41 cm long. Predict the man’s height.**

Example 3 Continued c. A man’s femur is 41 cm long. Predict the man’s height. The equation of the line of best fit is h ≈ 2.91l Use the equation to predict the man’s height. For a 41-cm-long femur, h ≈ 2.91(41) Substitute 41 for l. h ≈ The height of a man with a 41-cm-long femur would be about 173 cm. end

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**• • • • • • • • • • Example 4 The gas mileage for**

randomly selected cars based upon engine horsepower is given in the table. • • • • • • • • • • a. Make a scatter plot of the data with horsepower as the independent variable.

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Example 4 Continued b. Find the correlation coefficient r and the line of best fit. Interpret the slope of the line of best fit in the context of the problem. Enter the data into lists L1 and L2 on a graphing calculator. Use the linear regression feature by pressing STAT, choosing CALC, and selecting 4:LinReg. The equation of the line of best fit is y ≈ –0.15x

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**What does the slope indicate ?**

Example 4 Continued What does the slope indicate ? The slope is about –0.15, so for each 1 unit increase in horsepower, gas mileage drops ≈ 0.15 mi/gal. c. Predict the gas mileage for a 210-horsepower engine. The equation of the line of best fit is y ≈ –0.15x Use the equation to predict the gas mileage. For a 210-horsepower engine, y ≈ –0.15(210) Substitute 210 for x. y ≈ 16 The mileage for a 210-horsepower engine would be about 16.0 mi/gal. end

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Teaching note: Exit Question long

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**Exit Question: complete on graph paper attached to Exit Question sheet**

(a)Make a scatter plot for this set of data using your calculator (b)find its equation.

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Objectives Fit scatter plot data using linear models with and without technology. Use linear models to make predictions.

Objectives Fit scatter plot data using linear models with and without technology. Use linear models to make predictions.

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