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The Impact of LFS & APS Reweighting Marilyn Thomas Labour Force Survey Output Manager, Office for National Statistics.

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Presentation on theme: "The Impact of LFS & APS Reweighting Marilyn Thomas Labour Force Survey Output Manager, Office for National Statistics."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Impact of LFS & APS Reweighting Marilyn Thomas Labour Force Survey Output Manager, Office for National Statistics

2 Structure 1.Background to LFS / APS Reweighting 2.Methodological Improvements to LFS Weighting 3.Impact of Reweighting on APS Population Estimates 4.Summary

3 Background to LFS & APS Reweighting Unreweighted data weighted to: MYEs up to 2003 & projections based on these MYEs, based on 2001 Census data released in early 2003 Reweighted data weighted to: MYEs up to 2006 & projections based on these MYEs, based on revised 2001 Census data released in late 2003

4 LFS/APS Aggregates & Microdata LFS Published Aggregates – Labour Market Statistics Integrated First Release - interim reweighted LFS/APS microdata – gov & public datasets - not interim reweighted By 2007, aggregates out of line with microdata by 800,000 for UK 16+ population Reweighting – published aggregates and microdata consistent

5 Methodological Changes to LFS (1) Method & tool for LFS weighting changed for reweighting & ongoing weighting (note: APS already used new method & tool) Old method & tool – raking ratio estimation, using 3-stage iterative weighting – design- weighted sample raked to known pop totals - local authority district - age-group & sex - region, age-group & sex (LFS User Guide Vol. 1, Section 10)

6 Methodological Changes to LFS (2) New method & tool – Generalised Estimation System (GES) (Statistics Canada), using a Generalised Regression (GREG) framework. - calibration weighting in a single process, to same population groups as old method. Advantages - greater efficiency & statistical robustness - facilitates identification & correction of data quality issues

7 Use of LFS & APS Microdata LFS – robust estimates at UK level APS – preferred data source for estimates at sub-national level - LFS wave 1 & wave 5 & boost cases in England, Wales & Scotland interviews with economically active in each UA/LAD (Wales & Scotland) / LEA (England) - 170,000 households & 360,000 individuals - quarterly rolling annual dataset

8 Impact of Reweighting at UA/LAD level Jan – Dec 2006 APS Change in 16+ population & employment due to reweighting: total pop / UK born / non-UK born Figure 1: Change in 16+ population - Range of change in 16+ pop +22% - -6% % UA/LADs increase in tot pop 0-5% % UA/LADs decrease in tot pop 0-5% - 5.5% UA/LADs increase in tot pop 5-10%

9 Figure 1: Change (%) in 16+ population by UA/LAD

10 Change (%) in 16+ population by UA/LAD: UK born, non-UK born, total UK born non-UK born total 0 - 5% 67.2% 61.7% 68.2% % 25.9% 21.9% 24.4% % 5.5% 10.4% 5.5%

11 Figure 2: Change (%) in 16+ population by UA/LAD - total population

12 Figure 3: Change (%) in 16+ population by UA/LAD – UK born population

13 Figure 4: Change (%) in 16+ population by UA/LAD – non-UK born population

14 Change (%) in employment level by UA/LAD Figure 5: Change in employment level - Range of change in employ +23% - -6% % UA/LADs increase in employ 0-5% % UA/LADs decrease in employ 0-5% % UA/LADs increase in employ 5-10%

15 Figure 5: Change (%) in employment level by UA/LAD

16 Change (%) in employment level by UA/LAD: UK born, non-UK born, total UK born non-UK born total 0 - 5% 62.7% 52.2 % 62.7% % 22.4% 24.9 % 21.9% % 8.5% 14.4 % 10.4%

17 Figure 6: Change (%) in employment level by UA/LAD – total population

18 Figure 7: Change (%) in employment level by UA/LAD – UK born population

19 Figure 8: Change (%) in employment level by UA/LAD – non-UK born population

20 Summary Background to LFS Reweighting - population estimates used in unreweighted & reweighted datasets - LFS published aggregates (interim reweighting) & LFS/APS microdata Changes to LFS weighting methodology & tool Analysis of impact of reweighting on population estimates at UA/LAD level Plans for next reweighting programme T.B.C.

21 Note on Sampling Variability Statistical Robustness of APS Estimates 0 CV < 5Estimates considered precise. 5 CV < 10Estimates considered reasonably precise. 10 CV < 20Estimates considered acceptable. CV 20Estimates considered too unreliable for practical purposes Note that most of the data included in the analysis meet the ONS criteria for statistical robustness specified above. The exceptions to this rule are for estimates of non-UK born 16+ population and employment in some UA/LADs, due to the small sample sizes of this sub-group at this level of analysis.

22 Useful NS Website References ELMR (Economic & Labour Market Review): Rank=1&Rank=224 Labour Force Survey User Guides: Rank=1&Rank=272 Labour Force Survey Performance & Quality Monitoring Report (PQM): Labour Force Survey Summary Quality Report (SQR): ats.asp Labour Market Statistics Integrated First Release:

23 Questions and Comments Thank You for Listening


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