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1 Economic Modelling Lecture 15 Review of the Mid-term Exam and Financial Market and Economy.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Economic Modelling Lecture 15 Review of the Mid-term Exam and Financial Market and Economy."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Economic Modelling Lecture 15 Review of the Mid-term Exam and Financial Market and Economy

2 2 Savers Households, Corporations and Government Intermediaries Banks, Insurance Companies, Building Societies, Trusts, Stock and Bonk Markets Intermediaries Banks, Insurance Companies, Building Societies, Trusts, Stock and Bonk Markets Investors Small, Medium and Large Private, Public, Domestic and Foreign Investors Small, Medium and Large Private, Public, Domestic and Foreign Major Players in a Financial Market GOVERNMENT&FSAGOVERNMENT&FSA GOVERNMENT&FSAGOVERNMENT&FSA CENTRALBANKCENTRALBANK CENTRALBANKCENTRALBANK CATS

3 3 Role of Financial Sector in the Economy Financial sector affect C, I, G and E and M C depends on expected value of human and non-human wealth of consumer, lower discount factor raises wealth and C I depends on expected profits, which are again given by the discounted stream of expected earnings G depends on tax and borrowing, interest rate affects each of them Interest rate affect X and M through its effect on the exchange rate

4 4 Interest rate Saving and investment S(r) I(r) Equilibrium Interest Rate: Saving and Investment r-repression r* S*=I*

5 5 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)

6 6 Saving Investment Saving and Investment i S*, I* 0 Effect of Financial Repression and Impact of Financial Liberalisation i-r i-u a bc S1,I1 I2 Adverse Impact of repression on Investment: I2-I1. Positive impact of liberalisation S*-S1, I*-I1. S =100 Transaction Charges (1-θ)S=0.05*100 = 5 θS=I =95

7 7 Consumption depends on expected wealth, income and taxes Human wealth in after tax income over life time Non-human wealth consists of housing and financial and other assets Profit depends upon sales relative to the capital stock

8 8 ; t : = = Income, Saving and Outstanding Asset or Debt in Life Cycle Model

9 9 Macroeconomic Impacts of Appreciation of Value Stocks and Bonds LM IS IS1 Y1Y2 i1 i2 a b

10 10 References M&S 21-23, Bl. 16,17, MK 18 Bank of England (2001) Financial Stability Review, www. Bankofengland.co.uk. Diamond, Douglas W. (1984) Financial Intermediation and Delegated Monitoring, Review of Economic Studies, LI Fleming J. Marcus (1962) Domestic financial policies under fixed and under floating exchange rates, IMF Staff Papers 9, November, Gertler, Mark, (1988) Financial Structure and Aggregate Economic Activity: An Overview, Journal of Money Credit and Banking, Vol. 20, no. 3, (Aug. 1988, Part 2). HM Treasury (2002) Reforming Britains Economic and Financial Policy, Palgrave.http://www.fsa.gov.uk/ King Robert G. and R. Levine (1993), Finance and Growth: Schumpeter Might Be Right, Quarterly Journal of Economics, Aug., pp Levine Ross (1997) Financial Development and Economic Growth: Views and Agenda, Journal of Economic Literature, vol. XXXV pp Pagano Marco (1993) Financial Markets and Growth: An Overview, European Economic Review, 37(2-3, April)


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