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Nic Woods Development Communication and Civil Society Adviser DFIDs ICD Team March 14th 2005 Media and Development.

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Presentation on theme: "Nic Woods Development Communication and Civil Society Adviser DFIDs ICD Team March 14th 2005 Media and Development."— Presentation transcript:

1 Nic Woods Development Communication and Civil Society Adviser DFIDs ICD Team March 14th 2005 Media and Development

2 Media Assistance & Devt Communication Changing Environment: 1994-2004 Communication and Nation Building Communication, Empowerment and Poverty Media and Conflict MDGs & Impact through Communication Summary of Challenges Introduction

3 A reliable news media enables well informed citizen decision making that contributes to democratisation The Enabling Environment: Developing Professional journalism, independent regulatory frameworks and supporting media law and policy Dual public / private broadcasting / the role of civil society as a watchdog for social accountability Audio / visual / face to face participation / theatre / comics / puppetry / song etc Development Communication is bottom up Media Assistance & Devt Communication

4 Global technologies & coverage increases media profile dramatically – impact of news / impact of learning / impact Only for those with access : cultural appropriacy / language / technological sophistication / electricity etc Old + New –Interactive media enables participation of audience –Personal communication technologies enhance this on a one to one & one to many basis i.e.: mobile phones + radio Increasingly important is the role of media as a change agent in political behaviour, political and social will through advocacy & demand driven public opinion Media and conflict - / local // national // international Changing Environment 1994-2004

5 A necessary condition for sustainable development occurs when a just, tolerant and inclusive state is responsive to informed demand from citizens. Communication is a keystone of the relationship between citizen and state. There is more to governance than how the government conducts itself. It is about the whole realm in which the state operates, including areas like parliament, the judiciary, the media and other organisations of society which remain in place when a government changes. The media has a pivotal role in brokering public dialogue through increasing the knowledge of the citizen and providing space for debate and learning. Communication and Nation Building

6 World Communication, Empowerment and Poverty Reduction World Banks 4 Key Elements of Empowerment Access to information Inclusion and participation Accountability Local organisational capacity All rely on flows of communication

7 Different types: –Media & humanitarian assistance Non conflict related disasters : disease Rapid onset disasters : environmental –Media and conflict reduction Latent conflict : political, religious, economic or ethnic tensions Open conflict: violent conflict, light weapons, blurring of combatants & civilians Post conflict: once peace achieved, peace building, enhanced reconciliation & reconstruction Media and Conflict

8 Communications disrupted during conflicts and other emergencies // low end technologies like radio are often the only way to reach large #s Those in greatest need demand most on traditional means – ie: radio. The challenge is to facilitate making programmes to reflect target audience needs Different forms of humanitarian emergency can require very different kinds of media intervention – e.g S. Leonne youth soldiers: theatre / video / comics / art Key Points of Media & Conflict

9 Civil society are critical & most often the major players when states are unwilling or unable to deliver services Examples: IRIN in Angola / Radio Okapi in DRC Media based initiatives can best be achieved by partnerships between donors, civil society humanitarian agencies and local / intl media practitioners Examples: Afghanistan / DRC / Sudan Key Points of Media & Conflict … cont

10 Communication for Poor Peoples Benefit Communication Channel for Poverty Alleviation Enabling Environment Liberalised Media Access / Ownership Use - by People (poor) - by Gov (local, edu, health, - by Civil Society Change in Livelihoods Policy Makers DEMANDDEMAND

11 Millenium Development Goals 1.Get rid of extreme poverty & hunger 2. Make sure that all children receive primary education 3. Promote sexual equality & give women more power 4. Reduce child death rates 5. Improve the health of mothers 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other communicable diseases 7. Make sure that the environment is protected 8. Develop a global partnership for development

12 Botswana. Community radio for school children. © Giacomo Pirozzi / Panos Pictures

13 MDG 4: Reduce Child Mortality Reduce by two thirds the mortality rate amongst Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015 South Africa - Soul Buddyz - Children's TV, Radio and School materials http://www.comminit,com/evaluations/idkdv2002/sl d-2382.htmlhttp://www.comminit,com/evaluations/idkdv2002/sl d-2382.html

14 Burkina Faso. Live debate on football and witchcraft on Radio Vive le Paysan, based at Sapone, 40km south of the capital Ouagadougou. This debate is the equivalent of a phone-in except that no-one has a phone so participants cycle in from the surrounding area and gather in the studio. Some, hearing the broadcast at home, turn up during the programme wanting to take part in the debate. The station gives a voice to the surrounding villages, broadcasts are in the local language. © Crispin Hughes / Panos Pictures

15 Reduce by three quarters the maternal mortality ratio Jordan - Together for a Happy Family Campaign – Mass Media Campaign 2357.html MDG 5: Improve Maternal Health

16 Douentza, MALI. Dogon women listening to the radio as they work. © Rhodri Jones / Panos Pictures

17 Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS Halt and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases Senegal - Evaluation of Improving the Reproductive Health of Youth in Senegal –- Mass Media Campaign Cameroon - Evaluation - Among Youth – Mass Education Campaign MDG 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

18 Zimbabwe. Villagers gathered around listening to the radio outside a hut adorned with an AIDS emblem. © Chris Sattlberger / Panos Pictures

19 Freedom of Expression Recognising the rights of the citizens Financial Sustainability Capacity Building for all types of use of communication for democracy Partnership with service providers and civil society = active role in policy change processes Potential of communication technologies M&E techniques and tools Impact to provide evidence Funding: Public / Private Key Challenges

20 Media and Communication for Development is complex and often overlooked. Communication is the lifeblood of transparent, informed and open societies as it enables debate, successful reforms and accountability of the state to the citizen. Empowerment from poverty requires knowledge and learning from appropriate, accessible means of communication. Without communication, openness is not possible and citizens voice is silenced. Conclusions

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